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|Servings: 60 tab.|
Biotech B-Complex is an extremely advanced vitamin B complex which may be categorised also as a multivitamin supplement. It enriches your diet with many vitamins and substances with health-giving properties.
The product stands out from other vitamin B complexes due to its composition with numerous additional ingredients. Apart from other vitamins, it contains health-promoting natural substances which supports also the functioning of the body. The formula comprises:
Vitamin A – occurs naturally in offal, fish oil and carrot and has a key role in eyes. By combining with opsin, it forms rhodopsin, a compound responsible for normal functioning of rod cells in the eye. In addition, adequate vitamin A intake is associated with healthy skin, hair and nails. It has also a vital role in the athlete’s body because it promotes mechanical performance of the locomotor system. Furthermore, vitamin A has been shown to function as an antioxidant.
Vitamin C – associated mainly with its antioxidant properties. As a potent antioxidant, it helps regulate levels of free radicals in the body, thereby preventing excessive oxidative stress. It promotes a healthy cardiovascular system, both by influencing beneficially the lipid profile and optimising blood pressure. What is more, vitamin C is also present in the synthesis pathway of collagen which is a component of cartilage. Because of that, its adequate intake has a positive impact on joint function.
Vitamin D – a vitamin synthesised naturally in the human body under the influence of UV radiation. However, its production is often insufficient and many persons have a deficiency of this nutrient. As a consequence, it is one of the most frequently recommended supplements.
Since vitamin D is responsible normal bone mineralisation, it plays a key role in mechanical performance of the locomotor system. It has been shown to have an extremely important function in the immune system, thereby enhancing the body’s immune responses. Adequate vitamin D intake has also a beneficial impact on carbohydrate balance and may reduce the risk of cancer.
Vitamin E – a very potent antioxidant which protects body cells from harmful effects of free radicals. It exerts a beneficial impact on cardiovascular function. It promotes therefore erythrocyte function and has cardioprotective properties. Proper vitamin E intake helps maintain normal neurotransmission. It has also a positive impact on muscular function. What is more, vitamin E deficiency may impair the quality of the skin and sexual function.
Thiamine – vitamin B1, has a vital role in the nervous system because it is involved in the production of two important neurotransmitters: serotonin and acetylcholine. Its deficiency may lead to serious neuronal dysfunction. Adequate thiamine intake influences also beneficially mental function and may reduce symptoms of depression. In addition, it promotes recovery, wound healing and has a positive impact on skin quality. Requirements for vitamin B1 are increased by different kinds of stressors, including physical activity.
Riboflavin – vitamin B2, found in body in an active form as the coenzymes: FAD (flavin adenine dinucleotide) and FMN (flavin mononucleotide). It takes part in energy metabolism. It has also a vital role in the immune system by regulating the production of antibodies. In addition, riboflavin is also important for eyes, since it is involved the reception of light stimuli. Vitamin B2 deficiency may also cause mucosal dysfunction.
Niacin – vitamin B3, also known as vitamin PP, is extremely vital in processes aimed at energy production. Insufficient niacin intake has been found to correlate significantly with mental health. Vitamin B3 supplementation may reduce symptoms of depression and other mental disorders. Furthermore, adequate intake of this vitamin helps maintain the optimal lipid profile, thereby improving the HDL-LDL ratio. Proper amounts of niacin in diet support also healthy hair.
Pyridoxine – vitamin B6, a precursor of many coenzymes which has therefore a vital role in the body’s energy metabolism. It assures efficient energy production from nutrients. It has a beneficial impact on cardiovascular function, helps maintain optimal blood pressure and is involved in haemoglobin production. It is vital also to the nervous system because it regulates neurotransmitter synthesis. Vitamin B6 supplementation is recommended also to women who suffer from painful periods.
Folic acid – the next B vitamin in this supplement, known as vitamin B9. Its supplementation is the most popular among women who are planning pregnancy because its adequate intake is linked with normal development of the foetal neural tube. It influences also beneficially the nervous system in adults, thereby promoting its healthy function. Vitamin B9 is present also in the synthesis of gastric juice, consequently affecting digestive function.
Cobalamin – vitamin B12, an important agent which regulates energy metabolism by taking part in methylation as an coenzyme. It is involved in the remethylation of homocysteine to methionine and the conversion of methylmalonyl-CoA into succinyl-CoA. Vitamin B12 has also an important role in erythropoiesis, namely the process of red blood cell production. Inadequate cobalamin intake may lead to megaloblastic anaemia.
Biotin – also known as vitamin H and vitamin B7. It is known as a dietary supplement for women which promotes healthy skin, hair and nails. It has also a vital function in nutrient metabolism and may lower blood sugar levels. What is more, it is suggested to support normal functioning of the nervous system and may promote well-being. It has also synergistic effects with vitamin C and thus promotes its bioavailability.
Pantothenic acid – belongs to a group of B5 vitamins and has a significant impact on nervous system function. Pantothenic acid deficiency may impair cognitive functions. Too low intake of this vitamin leads to impaired coordination and may be the cause of painful muscle cramps. Furthermore, vitamin B5 contributes to normal absorption and utilisation of nutrients from food. Adequate pantothenic acid intake is also essential to optimal secretion of steroid hormones.
Iron – an element that is critical to normal functioning of the human body. Its deficiency may affect especially persons who have a low intake of meat products in their diet. Its basic role is that it is a component of the prosthetic group in haemoglobin. Because of that, it is essential to normal cardiovascular function. In addition, since iron is present in active sites of many enzymes, it boosts immune function, promotes regeneration processes and influences beneficially nervous system function. The main symptom of iron deficiency is anaemia.
Selenium – the next microelement found in this supplement that is vital to the human body. It is extremely vital in maintaining healthy thyroid function and that is why it affects metabolic rate. It is also involved in the production of glutathione peroxidase, an extremely important antioxidant which prevents oxidative stress. What is more, selenium influences beneficially immune function. It is believed that its supplementation may also help combat depression and rheumatoid arthritis. Other studies correlate selenium deficiency with the development of cancer.
Copper – a microelement that functions mainly as a component of active sites of many enzymes, including superoxide dismutase, thereby promoting antioxidant activity in the body. It regulates neurotransmission, consequently promoting nervous system function. Since it is involved in collagen synthesis, it exerts a beneficial impact on the condition of connective tissue and may slow down the signs of ageing.
Chromium – an essential microelement which is associated mainly with its impact on carbohydrate metabolism. It helps regulate blood sugar levels, thereby increasing insulin sensitivity. It is suggested that chromium deficiency may promote cravings for sweets. In addition, chromium helps optimise the lipid profile, consequently improving the HDL-LDL ratio. One of the most common symptoms of chromium deficiency is headache and chronic fatigue.
Citrus bioflavonoids – natural compounds derived from citrus fruits with strong health-giving properties. They are antioxidants and thus help maintain normal levels of free radicals in the body. By reducing oxidative stress, they help indirectly prevent cancer and may slow down ageing. What is more, they are believed to have detoxifying properties because they are able to bind substances that are harmful to the human body.
Bee pollen – a source of many bioactive substances with a beneficial impact on health. It promotes digestive function, helps curb appetite and stimulates metabolism. It has antifungal, antibacterial and also antioxidant properties. It contains phenolic compounds with cardioprotective effects.
Ginseng – has health-promoting effects on the human body due to the content of bioactive ginsenosides. They are indicated to promote cognitive function, thereby enhancing the effectiveness of mental work and learning. In addition, they help maintain optimal blood pressure. They can reduce menopausal symptoms in women and help achieve and maintain an erection in men. What is more, ginsenosides may have indirect antioxidant effects by stimulating antioxidant enzymes.
Guarana – a vine which is a natural source of xanthines that act on the human body, including caffeine. It has therefore stimulant properties and is frequently added to energy drinks. Due to the content of other active substances, guarana is more effective than sources that contain only caffeine. Because of that, it is recommended for persons doing mental work. It may also promote well-being. Some sources report that guarana has thermogenic properties and thus increases the body’s daily energy expenditure.
Valerian – otherwise known as Valeriana officinalis, a common plant in naturopathy. It promotes well-being, optimises mental health, helps calm down and reduces stressors. It may help fall asleep. It exerts also a relaxant effect and that is why it may reduce pain during menstruation.
Liquorice – the next ingredient in this product which comes from herbal medicine. It is suggested to have potential anti-cancer compounds. Because of that, it may be a preventive measure against cancer. Liquorice has also a soothing effect on the digestive system and helps maintain healthy mucous membranes of the stomach and duodenum. In addition, owing to detoxifying properties, this herb is believed to have a hepatoprotective action.
To sum up, Biotech B-Complex is an extremely advanced B-vitamin complex which enriches your diet with vitamins and minerals. It contains also many other ingredients with health benefits and that is why it provides excellent support for the body’s health and is an element of daily preventive healthcare.
Due to the content of vitamins soluble in lipids, the supplement should be taken with fat-containing meals.
The formulation contains substances which may have stimulant properties. Because of that, individuals who are sensitive to stimulants should take it in the evening to avoid sleep problems.
It all started last millennium... BioTech USA is selling premium quality sports supplements since 1999. Having 400 employers, over 110 franchise stores, we are a major player in the sports supplements. To ensure high quality of services and products, each team member undergo BioTech training in nutrition, sports supplementation and sports science. BioTech USA offers a variety of 330 different products, that are subject to the continuous improvement and innovation. All of them are produced under controlled conditions using a secure, free from doping, carefully selected ingredients. Select BioTech USA and get results. We can develop, offering an ideal alternative for all requirements related to sports, exercise and health. Products of excellent quality, our experience guarantee an adequate response to customer needs. We have our own laboratory, each production batch is subject to a strict quality control. Our company meets the international food safety standards, including ISO 9001, ISO 22000, HACCP, IFS and GMP. All our products are 100% free of doping and laboratory-tested, free of banned substances, and in accordance with the guidelines of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)
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|per portion (2 tablets)||amount||%DV|
|Vitamin A (retinyl acetate)||3000mcg||375%|
|Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)||500 mg||625%|
|Vitamin D (cholecalciferol)||10mcg||200%|
|Vitamin E (DL-alpha-tocopheryl)||100mg||833%|
|Thiamine (thiamine mononitrate)||75mg||6818%|
|Niacin (nicotinic acid amide)||75mg||468%|
|Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine HCl)||25mg||1785%|
|Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)||250mcg||10000%|
|Pantothenic acid (D-pantothenate)||100mg||1666%|
|Selenium (sodium selanian)||50mcg||90%|
|Copper (copper sulfate)||2mg||200%|
|Chromium (chromium chloride)||25mcg||62%|
|Citrus Bioflavonoids (from citrus fruits)||40mg|
|Guarana (Paulinia cupana)||50mg|
|Valerian (Valeriana officinalis)||25mg|
|Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra)||25mg|
Bulking agent (microcrystalline cellulose, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, anti-caking agent (magnesium stearate, stearic acid), colorants (yellow iron oxide, black iron oxide).
Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) it is a vitamin soluble in body fluids, can be taken from foods (fruits and vegetables), or as drug derived synthetically. The largest of its resources can be found in broccoli, Brussels sprout, kale, black currant fruit and hawthorn, citrus fruits, tomatoes, Savoy cabbage, potatoes. In fact, intake of vitamin C of the food products does not limit the absorbed quantity. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, it is an antitoxic, increasing the immune system due to the elimination of risk of bacterial contamination. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of iron. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels.
Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, impaired absorption of iron, scorbutus. With the lack of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette is destroying up to 100 mg of vitamin C.
Dosage: The demand is 60-80 mg daily. It does not limit the ability to consume higher doses. Some side effects may occur only with longer taking of synthetic vitamin C.
Ascorbic acid – vitamin C. Its biologically active form is the L-isomer, which negatively rotates the polarised light, so that it is a dextroisomer (laevorotatory vitamin C does not exist). It is a strong antioxidant; it reduces the amounts of free radicals, which reduces oxidative stress, a factor leading to cell apoptosis, which is why it is indicated to be a cause for premature ageing.
It supports the immune system functions and increases body system immunity. It is an essential element of the collagen synthesis path, which is why it positively affects the condition of connective tissue. Hence, it promotes also wound healing and increases the durability of capillary vessel. It is involved in transformations of tyrosine and carnitine as well as of some nutrients, so that it affects metabolism. It can also have an impact on the nervous system functions, as it reduces mental fatigue.
Higher supply of vitamin C is especially recommended in the periods of more intensive body system burden, after infections and in order to accelerate regeneration. The indications for increased supply of the vitamin are also hard physical work or intensive trainings.
Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.
Cholecalciferol, or vitamin D3, is an organic chemical that belongs to the family of D vitamins. It is naturally found in fatty fish, fish oil, egg yolks, milk and dairy products. It is also synthesized in the human body. It is formed from 7-dehydrocholesterol present in the keratinocytes of the spinous and the basal layers of the epidermis, and a pre-requisite for initiating this process is the action of 290-315 nm wavelength UVB radiation on the skin.
Cholecalciferol is a biologically inactive compound. In the body, it undergoes enzymatic hydroxylation – first in the liver, with the participation of 25-hydroxylase, when calcidiol is formed and secondly in the kidneys, where under the influence of 1-α-hydroxylase, calcidiol is converted into the final active form – calcitriol.
The most important role of vitamin D3 in the body is the regulation of calcium-phosphate metabolism, which directly affects normal skeletal mineralization. In addition, it is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation, insulin secretion, as well as in some functions of the nervous, endocrine and immune systems.
Cholecalciferol is the most popular form of vitamin D used in dietary supplements. Studies show that supplementation with vitamin D in this form most effectively and rapidly raises the level of 25 (OH) D3 – a metabolite that is a marker of the level of vitamin D in the body.
Dosage: according to RDI standards for individual age groups.
Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.
Vitamin B1 (thiamin, vitamin B) improves mental alertness and strengthens the nervous system ensuring the proper functioning of the brain. It improves cardiac and muscular system. It is suportive in the treatment of shingles. Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Natural source of vitamin B1 are brown bread, yeast, eggs, raw vegetables, meat, milk, legumes, cheese.
Vitamin B1 deficiency hinders the processes of decomposition of sugars (catabolism), causes a loss of appetite and disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract, can cause polyneuritis and disease beriberi.
Dosage: Recommended daily intake is 1-2 mg.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is soluble in liquids, is involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Required for growth of the organism. Takes part in the production of erythrocytes (red blood cells). It is located in natural foods, such as yeast, meat (especially liver, kidney, heart), milk, fish and green leafy vegetables.
A deficiency of vitamin B2 inhibits the growth, diseases of the mouth, loss and greasy hair, seborrhea and stratification of nails. Increases skin roughness and susceptibility to acne and oily skin.
Dosage: 1-2 mg per day.
Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.
Nicotinic acid amide – also known as nicotinamide, belongs to a group of compounds referred to as vitamin B3, along with nicotinic acid and inositol hexanicotinate. It exerts its main biological activity as a precursor to two key coenzymes for efficient energy metabolism of the body: nicotinamide adenine dinucletodide and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. They are responsible for carrying hydrogen and electrons in the respiratory chain and thus facilitate efficient energy production by the human body.
Nicotinamide supplementation is recommended for active persons not only because of its ability to promote the body’s energy efficiency. It has also a beneficial impact on mind, increases tolerance to stressors and may reduce symptoms of depression. It is pointed out that niacin supplementation correlates positively with sleep quality.
Unlike nicotinic acid, nicotinamide does not show the ability to produce a “flush effect”, namely redness in the face caused by taking large doses of niacin. It has been also shown to influence partly cardiovascular function.
Nicotinamide is also indicated to influence beneficially the absorption of other B vitamins and vitamin D. This compound should be taken with caution by diabetics because it can increase the body’s demand for insulin.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).
What is pyridoxine hydrochloride?
Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a basic, the most commonly used form of vitamin B6 in supplements and fortified foods. It is a vitamin soluble in water. It converts to the active form of the vitamin - pyridoxal phosphate.
Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions. It takes part in the production of many neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin and catecholamines and it takes part in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. It is an important factor for the process of the creation of red cells and hemoglobin and its deficit may be one of the factors causing anemia. This vitamin contributes to maintaining proper energy metabolism and is important for maintaining well-being and good psychological condition. Its presence supports the breakdown of pro-inflammatory homocysteine to cysteine and further metabolites, thanks to which it may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiological incidents.
Pyridoxine hydrochloride may be found in many vitamin B complexes and vitamin-mineral preparations available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Folic acid - also known as vitamin B9, is a synthetic form of naturally occurring folates. It needs to be transformed to folates in order to be biologically active also in the human organism. Therefore, its supplementation is recommended to people who do not have problems with methylation processes.
The majority of people associate folic acid with the period of pregnancy. It is definitely a justified association. Proper supply of vitamin B9 conditions correct development of the fetus and prevents disorders of neural tube defects in a baby.
Supplementation with folic acid also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system of adults. Some sources say that it is conducive to maintaining beneficial emotional states. Moreover, folic acid takes part in the process of erythropoiesis, thanks to which it enables efficient production of red cells.
Supplementation with folic acid should be also considered by men who deal with low sperm quality. It was proven that complementing the level of vitamin B9 is conducive to increasing reproductive abilities of men.
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin) is a vitamin soluble in liquids. Participates in the production of red blood cells and is essential in the absorption of iron by the body. It calming effect, a positive effect on concentration and memory. Intensifies its action in cooperation with folic acid (vitamin M). Usually occurs in animal products, fish and dairy products. It contains trace elements.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia, general and immunity weakness, inhibiting of growth and damage to the myelin sheath of nerves.
What is cyanocobalamin?
Cyanocobalamin is a basic, the most commonly met form of vitamin B12 in vitamin B complexes and multivitamins available on the market.
Vitamin B12 is the most known for its influence on neurology. It takes part in building and regenerating myelin sheaths of neurons, thanks to which it contributes to the protection of the nervous system against damages. Because of the ability to increase the level of S-Adenosyl methionine, vitamin B12 may contribute to more efficient synthesis of many neurotransmitters, thanks to which it positively influences well-being and psychical condition.
This vitamin is also engaged in the process of blood production and its deficiencies contribute to the creation of megaloblastic anemia. Its deficits may also concern vegetarians and vegans, elderly people, people with absorption disorders and those using drugs neutralizing gastric acid.
Cyanocobalamin is included in the composition of many complex vitamin supplements that may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.
Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day
Vitamin B5 (calcium pantothenate, pantothenic acid, pantotenol) is part of a complex of B vitamins affects the development of the central nervous system, is the building substance of cells. In the body synthesized by the intestinal bacteria. It occurs in animal products (meat, kidneys, liver) and plants (wheat germ, wheat bran, nuts, grains, green vegetables). Prevents fatigue and excessive stress, accelerates the healing of cuts and wounds, acts as a stimulant for the side effects of the use of antibiotics. Deficiency causes skin changes, and difficulty in blood clotting.
The iron part of the dye in the form of the heme (hemoglobin and myoglobin in meat), a non-haem (in plant), and enzymes responsible for transport and storage of oxygen in the body. It occurs in enzymes responsible for: the metabolism of fatty acids, prostaglandin biosynthesis, catabolism of tryptophan. The absorption of iron in plant is lower than in animal products. In plant foods, it is reduced by contained chemicals: phytates and oxalates, also calcium and high acidity (pH factor). Only 8% of the intake of iron is absorbed by the body and transported to the blood. For tts absorption is needed sufficient amount of: cobalt, manganese, copper and vitamin C. Iron itself is essential for the metabolism of B vitamins. Source of acquisition of iron are animal products (meat, organ meats, egg yolks) and plant products (whole grain bread, beans , cocoa, parsley, nuts, soy). Iron is also present in synthetic form as a component of vitamin-mineral and mineral and mono-preparation supplements, often enriched with vitamin C. Supplements containing iron compounds are recommended for athletes during intense training and those on a meatless diet (vegetarians and vegans).
Iron deficiency causes anaemia. Using a large amount of strong coffee or tea hinders the absorption of iron. Symptoms of iron deficiency are: insomnia, diarrhea, impaired body temperature, loss of papillae on the tongue, reduced exercise capacity, and reduced intellectual and psychological efficiency.
Excess iron reduces the absorption of other elements (e.g. zinc, copper), reduced immunity, causing tissue damage of some organs (kidney, liver, heart), increased risk of cancer.
Dosage: 3-12 mg per day.
Selenium (element, chemical symbol Se, atomic no. 34, from chalcogenide, it is present in several allotropic forms). It is supplied the body with food in the form of seleno-amino acids (selenomethionine - gathering supplies, and selenocysteine – a component of glutathione peroxidase, deiodinase and seleno-proteins). Regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland. It affects the growth and development, including sexual development (by increasing production and sperm motility). It affects the flexibility of the tissue, removes some of the toxins from the body and destroys cancer cells and reduces the severity of menopause in women. Natural products containing selenium are seafood (sea fish, oysters, bladderwrack) and vegetable products (broccoli, onions, wheat germ, bran, tomatoes) and animal products (poultry, eggs). It is also included in the composition of vitamin-mineral and mineral supplements. Selenium supplementation is recommended as a dietary supplement of active people having diet poor in this element, and as a factor increasing the body's immunity.
Selenium deficiency increases the risk of developing cancer and heart disease. Symptoms of selenium deficiency are: cardiomyopathy, growth stoppage, disorders of detoxification processes which may lead to damage to the kidneys and liver.
An excess of selenium can lead to selenosis (the disease, the symptoms are: loss of hair, nail cracks, lesions).
daily demand of selenium for pregnant women 65 mcg; nursing mothers 75 mcg; men 7 mcg.
Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.
Copper - trace mineral that facilitates the introduction of iron into hemoglobin, allowing the correct functioning of antioxidant processes. It is an important component of enzymes that affect the processes of aerobic metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and in the formation of collagen. With proper diet, do not use supplements containing copper, as an overdose can cause insomnia, hair loss. It occurs in foods such as legumes, offal, plums, seafood. Copper compounds must be used in a responsible way, because many of them have toxic properties.
Dosing: A sufficient amount of copper provides proper diet.
Chromium (chemical element from transition group of the chromium, chemically active) is actively involved in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It comes in the easily assimilable organic form and inorganic. Along with insulin, as a component of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), is used in insulin-dependent diabetes treatment, insulin involved in the metabolism of glucose in t proteins transport. Activator of enzymes involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. Available in animal origin products (liver, veal, chicken, turkey meat, oysters) and plant-origin (bananas, broccoli, cereal, wheat germ, spinach). Supplements containing chromium are recommended for fat loss (also thermogenic), and improving the functioning of the body. The sports supplementation used chromium in the form of mono-preparations or in the form of vitamin-mineral minerals supplements.
Chromium deficiency results in impaired glucose, reducing the insulin sensitivity. It causes a decrease in immunity and endurance of the body. It may be a cause of coronary heart disease. Sometimes it causes neurological disorders.
Dosage: A varied diet prevents from the deficiency of chromium in the body.
Dosage: The recommended dose of 50-150 mg per day.
Chlorine (chemical element from the group of halogens) - in the natural form of gas it is poisonous and water-soluble (until recently used as a disinfectant in the water supply system, now replaced by fluorination). It is chemically active element. It is used in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium (KCl). It participates in the process of digestion and maintains acid-base balance in the body, removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver (antitoxin). Natural source of chlorine for the body is salt and bladderwrack.
Chlorine deficiency can occur due to excessive sweating, vomiting, causing digestive tract problems. It also causes loss of hair and teeth.
Excess chlorine, for example. Drink excessive amounts of chlorinated water, destroys bacterial flora and vitamin E.
Dosage: Daily dose should not exceed 15 grams.
Citrus bioflavonoids (flavanones) - are found in citrus fruits (oranges and bitter grapefruit) and contain naringenin and naringenin with a strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action and enhancing metabolism of a number of substances. Increase immunity and strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Reduce the secretion of cortisol, while increasing the norepinephrine hormone allowing for the reduction of body fat. Citrus flavonoids are an ingredient of supplements in the category of "health and beauty", vitaminizing supplements, thermogenics, herbal blends supporting the functioning of the endocrine system.
Fruits - in the botanical sense of the word - are a plant organ,developed of ovarium, post or bottom of the flower producing seeds and constitutes their natural cover. Most of them are products of trees and shrubs (except fruit of herbaceous plants such as blueberry, strawberry, strawberry pineapple). For culinary purposes it is the edible part of the plant. The most popular fruits are apples, plums, oranges, bananas, strawberries, blueberries, and a number of other fruits. Most of them are suitable for consumption in the raw state, characterized by a sweet taste, and even sweet, up to sour. Some can be eaten throughout the year (e.g. in the form of frozen foods), or make of them processed juices, compotes, jam and jams. Fruits are a source of vitamins, in particular ascorbic acid and beta-carotene. In their composition are flavonoids, fibre and minerals. In the the majority they are low-calorie. They contain easily digestible sugars.
Extracts from powdered fruits, vitamin complexes, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Bee polen (pollen), collected by bees, is the precursor of honey. Rich in nutrients: amino acids, fatty acids (in limited quantities), trace elements and carbohydrates. It is an antioxidant supporting the body's immune system. It is a component of preparations affecting the nervous system and enhances sexual function.
Ginseng (Panax ginseng) standardized extract 27-30% of ginsenosides. The raw material is the ginseng root, from which is prepared the extract of substances called ginsenosides, containing 27-30% of this component. Ginseng root has been used for years in Oriental medicine. It shows the great biological activity: It increases mental and physical performance, increases vitality, is an antioxidant, strengthens the immune system, slows the ageing process.
In the sports supplementation extracts of ginseng support the exercise capacity (primarily oxygen metabolism of the body) and ensure fast renewal of muscular and nervous systems. Also enhances sexual ability. By standardizing, there is a higher concentration of the components, improving effectiveness, which raises the price of the product, but also guarantees its composition. Preparations of ginseng available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Guarana (Paulinia cupana) is a plant of the family Sapindaceae, of which seeds contain purine alkaloid (caffeine), acting as a stimulant on the body of the athlete. The caffeine content in the seeds of guarana is between 4 and 8%. Powdered seeds are the raw material for supplements. Thanks to the slow release of caffeine in the human digestive tract, stimulation takes longer and is less rapid than the consumption of strong coffee or infusions of caffeine. The extracts of Guarana supports the athlete’s body, they increase exercise and endurance capacity (especially aerobic). Guarana is also a component of fat burners. It is often combined with extracts of various plants (e.g. Green tea, cayenne pepper, herbal and synthetic substances). Besides infusions, guarana is in the form of a one-component water soluble powders, capsules, and bottled beverages and concentrates.
Dosage: In terms of 100-300 mg of caffeine per serving, depending on the needs.
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) is an herbal plant (a perennial plant growing wild or cultivated), the mediacal raw material is valerian root (Radix Valerianae) and its rhizome (Rhizoma Valerianae cum radicibus), rich in various active ingredients: flavonoids (hesperidin, 6-methylapigenin ), terpenes (pinene, felandren), monoterpenes diterpenes, sesquiterpenes (valerenal, maaliol) glycoside triterpenoid, monoterpenoid alkaloids, essential oils, organic acids, phenols and alcohols, and mineral salts, sedating (improving the quality of sleep), antispasmodics, antiepileptic and mildly psychotropic, do not cause side effects. In the sports supplementation used in preparations to facilitate sleep and to facilitate night recovery (growth hormone booster) available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage:. Depending on the type of raw material
Valeriana officinalis (synonym: valerian) is a perennial plant belonging to the herbaceous, rich in active ingredients: flavonoids (hesperidin, 6-methylapigenin), terpenes (pinene, phellandrene), monoterpenes, diterpenes, sesquiterpenes (walerenal, maaliol) Triterpene glycoside, monoterpene alkaloids, essential oils, organic acids, phenols and alcohols, and sedating mineral salts (improving the quality of sleep), antispasmodics, anti-epileptic and gently psychotropic without causing side effects. In the sports supplementation used in preparations to facilitate sleep and to facilitate night-renewal (growth hormone boosters), available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: dependent on the degree of concentration of the raw material
Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) is a herbaceous plant originating from Asia, cultivated in Poland. The raw material is the root of licorice (Radix Glycyrrhizae) barked (along with its runners). It contains active compounds: Betaine, choline, phytosterols, flavonoids, isoflavones, acidic polysaccharides, mannitol, saponins triterpenes, carbohydrate and coumarin compounds. Shows the anti-tumor effect, healing, immunological, anti-allergic anti-ulcer, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory. A positive effect on bones and joints and skin. Increases, by influencing the hydration, performance of skeletal muscles. Used to treat ulcers of the stomach, reducing the emission of hydrochloric acid and duodenum, catarrh of the gastrointestinal tract, inflammation of the mouth, throat and bronchi without age restrictions, under the conditions of use as prescribed by a doctor doses (excess medication and time of their use may cause side effects as retention of sodium ions and water in the body) and increased blood pressure. Due to the estrogenic potential, it can be used by women. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the dose and duration of use - as directed by the doctor about
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