Obesity carries a serious risk of cardiovascular health complications. People suffering from heart and circulatory system diseases - hypertension, atherosclerosis, heart defects or heart failure - should especially take care of a proper diet. Slimming, i.e. weight reduction in their case must be always consulted with a doctor.
Obesity and cardiovascular diseases
People who are overweight and have obesity have more frequent problem with heart arrhythmia than people with normal weight. Cardiac failure risk is also shown to develop twice as often. Hypertension, atherosclerosis, high cholesterol level, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction are often the consequences of untreated obesity. People with cardiovascular disease must pay more attention that their body weight is in the normal range. People with overweight and obesity, even with good blood pressure, develop adverse changes in the heart, such as left ventricular hypertrophy.
Rules for slimming for people with heart disease
Physical activity during weight loss
The intensity of physical activity in the case of people who are overweight and in addition suffers from cardiovascular problems should be determined strictly by a doctor. It is recommended to perform the simple, moderate-intensive aerobic exercises (for example walking, nordic walking, cycling). They oxygenate the body and help in burning excessive fat tissue. The effects are a regular exercise of 20 to 60 minutes at least three times a week.
Drug treatment can support weight loss
Drug treatment can be an element which supports the treatment of overweight and obesity. People with cardiovascular disease must be consulted with a doctor. Eventual drug treatment has to be adapted to the patient's needs if attempts at non-pharmacological obesity treatment have failed before. The main drugs for the treatment of obesity are appetite suppressants and drugs that reduce intestinal absorption. However, it is always up to the doctor to decide on such drug treatment and the type of medication to be taken.