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Lipo(X)Pack Lipo(X)Pack

Lipo(X)PACK is a thermogenic fat burner containing a range of substances which increase metabolism, so that fat combustion is much more efficient even at rest.

Lipo(X)PACK contains a range of microelements and vitamins necessary for the fight against deficiencies during the use of monotonous or poor in calories diets! What is more, a single serving contains a range of substances that counteract muscle catabolism, which makes it possible to keep greater muscle mass during reduction

In the composition of the preparation there are:

Green tea extract (55% of EGCG) contains an extract from flavonoids group, epigallocatechin gallate, which is an important compound of thermogenic properties. Its mechanism of action consists in inhibiting the action of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), whose main activity is breaking down such substances as noradrenaline. By binding with beta-1 adrenergic receptor, the hormone intensifies the breakdown of adipose tissue and vasodilatation, so that it is possible to get greater muscle pump and thermogenic effect. Moreover, it shows antioxidant properties, which is why it supports the body system in the fight against oxidative stress. Apart from the compound from catechines group, it contains caffeine which also shows thermogenic and stimulant properties.

Guarana extract (Paullinia cupana) is a rich source of methylxanthines, which include theophylline, theobromine and, the most important one, caffeine. It is responsible for stimulation, increase in cognitive functions, thermogenesis and basic energy expenditure. Moreover, saponins and polyphenols together with caffeine show diuretic properties, which allow for obtaining better muscle definition. Thanks to combining guarana extracts and Yerba mate extract in Lipo(X)PACK, it is possible to reduce appetite and improve intestinal peristalsis.

Ginger root extract (Zingiber officinale) has anti-inflammatory properties, improves glucose sensitivity and increases thermogenesis. The main active substance in the ginger root are gingerols, which induces the growth in the number of GLUT4 receptors on the surface of muscle cells, which promotes resynthesis of muscle glycogen. The content of gingerola and capsaicin is responsible for the increase in the effect of thermal food, which is why the organism uses more energy to digest food, which in turn affects the increase in thermogenesis in the body system. Moreover, it can reduce appetite thanks to the influence on the secretion of serotonin.

Grapefruit extract (98% of naringenin) – contains a flavonoid, naringenin, and a range of other substances which will help you to increase the effectiveness during reduction. Nootkatone contained in the extract, thanks to the activation of AMPK enzyme, accelerates resting metabolism and the use of glucose as energy source. Supplementation with grapefruit extract increases ATP production in muscles and brown adipose tissue (BAT), so that it increases thermogenesis by releasing stored energy in form of heat.

Naringenin is a flavonoid responsible for the bitter taste of grapefruits. Its main function is the improvement in carbohydrate metabolism, which increases insulin sensitivity, which, apart from the support of adipose tissue combustion, has health-promoting influence on the cardiovascular system.

Moreover, naringenin contained in grapefruit extract has inhibiting influence on cortisol secretion, which is an important hormone responsible for catabolism, and its negative action is associated with the inhibition of thyroid hormones action.

Another important function of naringenin is a support of fat metabolism, so that it has a positive impact on lipid profile and allows for beta-oxidation of fatty acids, which promotes their use as energy source.

After combining with caffeine, it prolongs its stimulating and thermogenic effects by inhibiting the expression of CYP1A2, which is responsible for its metabolism.

Apart from the positive influence on thermogenesis, grapefruit extract has scientifically proven antioxidant and antifungal properties. Moreover, it reduces the risk of cancers.

Caffeine is a component which stimulates the organism to fight, because of its positive impact on the secretion of catecholamines. This results from their unique action, which consists in inhibiting the action of catechol-O-methyltransferase, which is why they are responsible for the increased reuptake of these hormones.

Caffeine belongs to the compounds from methylxanthines group, which stimulate nervous and cardiovascular systems and skeletal muscles. It has a positive impact on diuresis, which allows for the removal of water excess form the body system, which makes muscle shape more visible.

Its action allows also for more optimal stimulation and focus.

Cayenne pepper shows thermogenic properties consisting in an increase in energy expenditure. Such action results from the presence of an organic compound, capsaicin. Moreover, it promotes using fat as energy source, which will increase the effectiveness of adipose tissue reduction.

The increase in heat production by the body system after consumption of cayenne pepper is caused by the stimulation of catecholamines release by the adrenal glands. These are fight hormones, which prepare the body system for defence response. This manifests itself in an increase in heart ratio, faster and deeper breathing and increased secretion of glucose and fat (a fuel for muscles) into the bloodstream. Moreover, it supports fat oxidation and their digestion, thanks to the regulation of lipoprotein protease.

The combination of cayenne pepper and green tea extract in the Lipo(X)PACK allows for great reduction in appetite, which is important in the advanced reduction period, when calories supply is very low.

A complex of citrus bioflavonoids is a broad group of compounds, which are dyes of flowers and citruses, show strong health-promoting and antioxidant properties as well as support fat combustion, thanks to many mechanisms. Their important function is control over blood sugar, which stabilizes insulin secretion. Thanks to that, they help to use glucose as energy source, which protects the body system from its accumulation in form of adipose tissue. Strong health-promoting properties result from supporting the absorption of such elements as phosphorous, calcium and zinc, which are responsible for the proper functioning of the movement apparatus.

Black pepper extract (95% of piperine) is isolated from the plant called Piper nigrum, which grows in the South West province of India, Kerala. The substances contained in it (mainly piperine) stimulate the body system for the reduction of adipose tissue by increasing the secretion of gastric juices, modulation of gene expression, which affects forming new fat cells, and by increased thermogenesis.

Piperine is also involved in acquisition of energy from fat peroxidation, thanks to the stimulation of MC-4 receptor, which is responsible for the secretion of LCAT and lipoprotein lipase, which are enzymes response for fats metabolism.

The increase in thermogenesis after consumption of black pepper extract results from the stimulation of TRPV1 and TRPA1 receptors, which is leads to the increase in the temperature of brown adipose tissue.

Production of new fat cells is impaired thanks to the inhibition of expression of PPAR-gamma and LXR-alpha genes. Moreover, it inhibits the main transcription factors involved in the lipogenesis, PPAR-gamma, SREBP-1c and C/EBP-beta, which causes the reduction in the level of free fatty acids, phospholipids, triglycerides and general level of cholesterol in bloodstream (by an increase in HDL fraction).

L-carnitine tartrate is a substance which naturally occurs in the body system, synthesized from two amino acids, L-methionine and lysine. It supports the body system in the reduction of adipose tissue by transporting long-chain fatty acids present in blood into the internal membrane of mitochondria, where they are used for the product of ATP in the process of beta-oxidation. Thanks to that, they accelerate the combustion of muscle tissue and save muscle glycogen, which not only supports adipose tissue combustions, but also allows for more intensive and longer training sessions.

Green coffee extract (50% of ACG) inhibits the accumulation of adipose tissue, thanks to the presence of chlorogenic acid (ACG). This acid reduces also the glucose absorption in the intestines, which is why it won’t be then stored in form of fat. Its metabolite causes an improvement in nitric oxide action and provides greater muscle pump during training session.

The reduction of carbohydrates absorbed in the intestines is possible thanks to the inhibition of an enzyme, glucose-6-phosphatase, which is responsible for glucose homeostasis.

Moreover, it positively affects adipokine expression in the liver and improves its destructive influence on the adipose tissue, which allows for the optimization of excessive kilograms combustion.

L-tyrosine is an important amino acid which is synthesised by the human body system. An additional supplementation of this amino acid shows very beneficial influence on the production of catecholamines (neurotransmitters) and supports thyroid gland functions.

L-tyrosine is a main substrate for the production of adrenal glands hormones, which stimulate the body system. First of all, they increase thermogenesis, which improves metabolism. Moreover, it provides also greater focus and motivation for harder training sessions, which is particularly important in the reduction period, when you observe a decline in energy level. The result of its action is also appetite reduction.

It has also stimulating influence on dopamine production, which is an important neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. The results of this action are stimulation and improvement in cognitive functions.

Its acylated form is N-acetyl L-tyrosine, in short NALT, which is more bioavailable than the common L-tyrosine. However, its mechanism of action and influence on the body are the same.

Inositol also called vitamin B8. It shows lipotropic properties, which supports the use of adipose tissue as energy source for muscles. Moreover, thanks to the multistage action, it contributes to the regulation of blood sugar, which is also important for the reduction of fat. The combination with choline in the supplement facilitates lecithin formation, which is helpful in the transformation and emulgation of fat

Thanks to that, fat becomes a much more stable energy form than carbohydrates and provides longer training intensity.

Moreover, it shows positive impact on the production of happiness hormone, serotonin, which provides good mood and appetite reduction.

It has been also demonstrated that inositol affects testosterone and thyroid gland hormones production, thanks to the indirect influence on the production of FHS, LH and TSH.

Choline is an important factor in fat reduction. It has lipotropic properties which increase the use of adipose tissue as a fuel for greater ATP production in cells. This allows for an increase in training intensity. As it is a precursor to acetylcholine, it bring positive stimulation, good mood and improves cognitive functions.

L-methionine is a sulphuric amino acid which is not synthesised by the body system. It has positive impact on carnitine synthesis, which supports adipose tissue reduction. Moreover, is supports creatine synthesis which is an important factor in the muscle tissue gain.

Pantothenic acid, commonly known as vitamin B5, is an important factor in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates, which is why it increases energy production in the mitochondria. This allows for harder training sessions. Moreover, it shows positive influence on vitamin D production, which allows for a multistage reduction of adipose tissue and shows strong health-promoting properties.

Yerba mate extract has a broad impact on the reduction of adipose tissue. It contains large amounts of xanthines (caffeine, theobromine and theophylline), mineralsantioxidants, polyphenols and saponins

Thanks to the presence of caffeine, it improves thermogenesis, reduces appetite and relieves the symptoms of mental and physical fatigue. The extract action, concerning suppressing the feeling of hunger, consists in the increase in expression of GLP-1 and leptin, which is commonly known as a “satiation hormone”.

It inhibits adipogenesis, the formation of new fat cells, thanks to the presence of rutin and chlorogenic acid. They suppress the expression of genes related to this process (C/EBP-alpha and many others). Moreover, it improves the expression of adiponectin, UCP1 and causes an increase in the content of AMPK-alpha in the adipose tissue.

Para-aminobensoic acid (PABA) is classified as a non-protein amino acid. Its main action, affecting adipose tissue combustion, is the extension of catecholamines action, thanks to the inhibition of their breakdown. Moreover, it positively affects protein metabolism.

Chromium is an important microelement responsible for the proper and efficient digestion of fats and carbohydrates. It helps to stabilize blood sugar, so that it reduces craving for sweets and insulin resistance, which is important in the last stage of reduction of the so called resistant adipose tissue. What is more, it cooperates with insulin during protein synthesis.

It activates enzymes responsible for transformations of fats and cholesterol, so that it affects the improvement in lipid profile.

Next to the large number of substances, which in different ways support adipose tissue combustion, Lipo(X)PACK is also rich in vitamins and microelements which will help to complement the deficiencies, resulting from the poor and monotonous diet during reduction period. Moreover, they catalyse many reactions which optimize adipose tissue combustion.

Moreover, the supplement contains a combination of substances supporting protein synthesis (L-leucine and valine) and showing anticatabolic properties (HMB and isoleucine), which will help to keep muscle tissue in the reduction period.

Lipo(X)PACK is intended for people who have problems with sticking to reducing diets, which in a natural and safe way will help to combust excessive adipose tissue, as it acts at different levels of this process.

It contains substances that show thermogenic and lipotropic properties, stabilize blood sugar (which reduces appetite) and have anticatabolic effects, which will protect the muscles from the breakdown during reduction period.

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Since 2005
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Lipo(X)Pack

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30 sachets
27.82 $
15 sachets
15.94 $
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Description
  • Reduces the symptoms of physical and mental fatigue
  • Positive influence on hormonal balance of the thyroid gland
  • Strongly supports reduction of adipose tissue
  • A formula of natural and safe ingredients
  • Enriched with a complex of vitamins and minerals
  • Positive influence on lipid profile
  • Increases the resting thermogenesis
  • Anticatabolic properties
  • Increases training intensity
  • Supports cognitive functions
  • Contains many antioxidants

Lipo(X)PACK is a thermogenic fat burner containing a range of substances which increase metabolism, so that fat combustion is much more efficient even at rest.

Lipo(X)PACK contains a range of microelements and vitamins necessary for the fight against deficiencies during the use of monotonous or poor in calories diets! What is more, a single serving contains a range of substances that counteract muscle catabolism, which makes it possible to keep greater muscle mass during reduction

In the composition of the preparation there are:

Green tea extract (55% of EGCG) contains an extract from flavonoids group, epigallocatechin gallate, which is an important compound of thermogenic properties. Its mechanism of action consists in inhibiting the action of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), whose main activity is breaking down such substances as noradrenaline. By binding with beta-1 adrenergic receptor, the hormone intensifies the breakdown of adipose tissue and vasodilatation, so that it is possible to get greater muscle pump and thermogenic effect. Moreover, it shows antioxidant properties, which is why it supports the body system in the fight against oxidative stress. Apart from the compound from catechines group, it contains caffeine which also shows thermogenic and stimulant properties.

Guarana extract (Paullinia cupana) is a rich source of methylxanthines, which include theophylline, theobromine and, the most important one, caffeine. It is responsible for stimulation, increase in cognitive functions, thermogenesis and basic energy expenditure. Moreover, saponins and polyphenols together with caffeine show diuretic properties, which allow for obtaining better muscle definition. Thanks to combining guarana extracts and Yerba mate extract in Lipo(X)PACK, it is possible to reduce appetite and improve intestinal peristalsis.

Ginger root extract (Zingiber officinale) has anti-inflammatory properties, improves glucose sensitivity and increases thermogenesis. The main active substance in the ginger root are gingerols, which induces the growth in the number of GLUT4 receptors on the surface of muscle cells, which promotes resynthesis of muscle glycogen. The content of gingerola and capsaicin is responsible for the increase in the effect of thermal food, which is why the organism uses more energy to digest food, which in turn affects the increase in thermogenesis in the body system. Moreover, it can reduce appetite thanks to the influence on the secretion of serotonin.

Grapefruit extract (98% of naringenin) – contains a flavonoid, naringenin, and a range of other substances which will help you to increase the effectiveness during reduction. Nootkatone contained in the extract, thanks to the activation of AMPK enzyme, accelerates resting metabolism and the use of glucose as energy source. Supplementation with grapefruit extract increases ATP production in muscles and brown adipose tissue (BAT), so that it increases thermogenesis by releasing stored energy in form of heat.

Naringenin is a flavonoid responsible for the bitter taste of grapefruits. Its main function is the improvement in carbohydrate metabolism, which increases insulin sensitivity, which, apart from the support of adipose tissue combustion, has health-promoting influence on the cardiovascular system.

Moreover, naringenin contained in grapefruit extract has inhibiting influence on cortisol secretion, which is an important hormone responsible for catabolism, and its negative action is associated with the inhibition of thyroid hormones action.

Another important function of naringenin is a support of fat metabolism, so that it has a positive impact on lipid profile and allows for beta-oxidation of fatty acids, which promotes their use as energy source.

After combining with caffeine, it prolongs its stimulating and thermogenic effects by inhibiting the expression of CYP1A2, which is responsible for its metabolism.

Apart from the positive influence on thermogenesis, grapefruit extract has scientifically proven antioxidant and antifungal properties. Moreover, it reduces the risk of cancers.

Caffeine is a component which stimulates the organism to fight, because of its positive impact on the secretion of catecholamines. This results from their unique action, which consists in inhibiting the action of catechol-O-methyltransferase, which is why they are responsible for the increased reuptake of these hormones.

Caffeine belongs to the compounds from methylxanthines group, which stimulate nervous and cardiovascular systems and skeletal muscles. It has a positive impact on diuresis, which allows for the removal of water excess form the body system, which makes muscle shape more visible.

Its action allows also for more optimal stimulation and focus.

Cayenne pepper shows thermogenic properties consisting in an increase in energy expenditure. Such action results from the presence of an organic compound, capsaicin. Moreover, it promotes using fat as energy source, which will increase the effectiveness of adipose tissue reduction.

The increase in heat production by the body system after consumption of cayenne pepper is caused by the stimulation of catecholamines release by the adrenal glands. These are fight hormones, which prepare the body system for defence response. This manifests itself in an increase in heart ratio, faster and deeper breathing and increased secretion of glucose and fat (a fuel for muscles) into the bloodstream. Moreover, it supports fat oxidation and their digestion, thanks to the regulation of lipoprotein protease.

The combination of cayenne pepper and green tea extract in the Lipo(X)PACK allows for great reduction in appetite, which is important in the advanced reduction period, when calories supply is very low.

A complex of citrus bioflavonoids is a broad group of compounds, which are dyes of flowers and citruses, show strong health-promoting and antioxidant properties as well as support fat combustion, thanks to many mechanisms. Their important function is control over blood sugar, which stabilizes insulin secretion. Thanks to that, they help to use glucose as energy source, which protects the body system from its accumulation in form of adipose tissue. Strong health-promoting properties result from supporting the absorption of such elements as phosphorous, calcium and zinc, which are responsible for the proper functioning of the movement apparatus.

Black pepper extract (95% of piperine) is isolated from the plant called Piper nigrum, which grows in the South West province of India, Kerala. The substances contained in it (mainly piperine) stimulate the body system for the reduction of adipose tissue by increasing the secretion of gastric juices, modulation of gene expression, which affects forming new fat cells, and by increased thermogenesis.

Piperine is also involved in acquisition of energy from fat peroxidation, thanks to the stimulation of MC-4 receptor, which is responsible for the secretion of LCAT and lipoprotein lipase, which are enzymes response for fats metabolism.

The increase in thermogenesis after consumption of black pepper extract results from the stimulation of TRPV1 and TRPA1 receptors, which is leads to the increase in the temperature of brown adipose tissue.

Production of new fat cells is impaired thanks to the inhibition of expression of PPAR-gamma and LXR-alpha genes. Moreover, it inhibits the main transcription factors involved in the lipogenesis, PPAR-gamma, SREBP-1c and C/EBP-beta, which causes the reduction in the level of free fatty acids, phospholipids, triglycerides and general level of cholesterol in bloodstream (by an increase in HDL fraction).

L-carnitine tartrate is a substance which naturally occurs in the body system, synthesized from two amino acids, L-methionine and lysine. It supports the body system in the reduction of adipose tissue by transporting long-chain fatty acids present in blood into the internal membrane of mitochondria, where they are used for the product of ATP in the process of beta-oxidation. Thanks to that, they accelerate the combustion of muscle tissue and save muscle glycogen, which not only supports adipose tissue combustions, but also allows for more intensive and longer training sessions.

Green coffee extract (50% of ACG) inhibits the accumulation of adipose tissue, thanks to the presence of chlorogenic acid (ACG). This acid reduces also the glucose absorption in the intestines, which is why it won’t be then stored in form of fat. Its metabolite causes an improvement in nitric oxide action and provides greater muscle pump during training session.

The reduction of carbohydrates absorbed in the intestines is possible thanks to the inhibition of an enzyme, glucose-6-phosphatase, which is responsible for glucose homeostasis.

Moreover, it positively affects adipokine expression in the liver and improves its destructive influence on the adipose tissue, which allows for the optimization of excessive kilograms combustion.

L-tyrosine is an important amino acid which is synthesised by the human body system. An additional supplementation of this amino acid shows very beneficial influence on the production of catecholamines (neurotransmitters) and supports thyroid gland functions.

L-tyrosine is a main substrate for the production of adrenal glands hormones, which stimulate the body system. First of all, they increase thermogenesis, which improves metabolism. Moreover, it provides also greater focus and motivation for harder training sessions, which is particularly important in the reduction period, when you observe a decline in energy level. The result of its action is also appetite reduction.

It has also stimulating influence on dopamine production, which is an important neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. The results of this action are stimulation and improvement in cognitive functions.

Its acylated form is N-acetyl L-tyrosine, in short NALT, which is more bioavailable than the common L-tyrosine. However, its mechanism of action and influence on the body are the same.

Inositol also called vitamin B8. It shows lipotropic properties, which supports the use of adipose tissue as energy source for muscles. Moreover, thanks to the multistage action, it contributes to the regulation of blood sugar, which is also important for the reduction of fat. The combination with choline in the supplement facilitates lecithin formation, which is helpful in the transformation and emulgation of fat

Thanks to that, fat becomes a much more stable energy form than carbohydrates and provides longer training intensity.

Moreover, it shows positive impact on the production of happiness hormone, serotonin, which provides good mood and appetite reduction.

It has been also demonstrated that inositol affects testosterone and thyroid gland hormones production, thanks to the indirect influence on the production of FHS, LH and TSH.

Choline is an important factor in fat reduction. It has lipotropic properties which increase the use of adipose tissue as a fuel for greater ATP production in cells. This allows for an increase in training intensity. As it is a precursor to acetylcholine, it bring positive stimulation, good mood and improves cognitive functions.

L-methionine is a sulphuric amino acid which is not synthesised by the body system. It has positive impact on carnitine synthesis, which supports adipose tissue reduction. Moreover, is supports creatine synthesis which is an important factor in the muscle tissue gain.

Pantothenic acid, commonly known as vitamin B5, is an important factor in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates, which is why it increases energy production in the mitochondria. This allows for harder training sessions. Moreover, it shows positive influence on vitamin D production, which allows for a multistage reduction of adipose tissue and shows strong health-promoting properties.

Yerba mate extract has a broad impact on the reduction of adipose tissue. It contains large amounts of xanthines (caffeine, theobromine and theophylline), mineralsantioxidants, polyphenols and saponins

Thanks to the presence of caffeine, it improves thermogenesis, reduces appetite and relieves the symptoms of mental and physical fatigue. The extract action, concerning suppressing the feeling of hunger, consists in the increase in expression of GLP-1 and leptin, which is commonly known as a “satiation hormone”.

It inhibits adipogenesis, the formation of new fat cells, thanks to the presence of rutin and chlorogenic acid. They suppress the expression of genes related to this process (C/EBP-alpha and many others). Moreover, it improves the expression of adiponectin, UCP1 and causes an increase in the content of AMPK-alpha in the adipose tissue.

Para-aminobensoic acid (PABA) is classified as a non-protein amino acid. Its main action, affecting adipose tissue combustion, is the extension of catecholamines action, thanks to the inhibition of their breakdown. Moreover, it positively affects protein metabolism.

Chromium is an important microelement responsible for the proper and efficient digestion of fats and carbohydrates. It helps to stabilize blood sugar, so that it reduces craving for sweets and insulin resistance, which is important in the last stage of reduction of the so called resistant adipose tissue. What is more, it cooperates with insulin during protein synthesis.

It activates enzymes responsible for transformations of fats and cholesterol, so that it affects the improvement in lipid profile.

Next to the large number of substances, which in different ways support adipose tissue combustion, Lipo(X)PACK is also rich in vitamins and microelements which will help to complement the deficiencies, resulting from the poor and monotonous diet during reduction period. Moreover, they catalyse many reactions which optimize adipose tissue combustion.

Moreover, the supplement contains a combination of substances supporting protein synthesis (L-leucine and valine) and showing anticatabolic properties (HMB and isoleucine), which will help to keep muscle tissue in the reduction period.

Lipo(X)PACK is intended for people who have problems with sticking to reducing diets, which in a natural and safe way will help to combust excessive adipose tissue, as it acts at different levels of this process.

It contains substances that show thermogenic and lipotropic properties, stabilize blood sugar (which reduces appetite) and have anticatabolic effects, which will protect the muscles from the breakdown during reduction period.

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Composition

Composition

Container size: 30 sachetsServing size: 1 sachetServings per container: 30
per 1 sachetamount%RDA
FAT METABOLISM COMBO
L-Carnitine Tartrate920 mg**
of which L-Carnitine625,5 mg**
L-Tyrosine340,6 mg**
Inositol265 mg**
Choline (choline bitartrate)169 mg**
Methionine125 mg**
Green coffee extract(Coffea robusta) [50% ACG]120 mg**
Pantothenic acid (Calcium D-pantothenate)103 mg1717%
Yerba Mate Extract (Ilex paraguariensis) [4:1]100 mg**
Korean Ginseng Extract (Panax ginseng) [10% Ginsenosides]100 mg**
Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA)5 mg**
Chromium (chromium chloride, chromium picolinate)80 µg200%
ADVANCED THERMOGENIC MATRIX
Green tea extract (Camellia sinensis) [55% EGCG]345 mg**
of which EGCG190 mg**
Guarana Extract (Paulinia cupana) [22% Caffeine]225 mg**
Anhydrous caffeine186 mg**
Ginger root extract (Zingiber officinale) [5% Gingerols]60 mg**
Cayenne pepper Extract (Capsicum annum) [2% Capsaicin]50 mg**
Citrus Bioflavonoids Extract From Bitter Orange (Citrus aurantium) [50% Hesperidin]25 mg**
Grapefruit extract (Citrus paradisi) [98% Naringenin]25 mg**
Black Pepper Extract (Piper nigrum) [95% piperine]8,5 mg**
MUSCLE PROTECTION MATRIX
CaHMB (Calcium Beta-Hydroxy Beta-Methylbutyrate) 615 mg**
of which HMB500 mg**
L-Leucine250 mg**
L-Isoleucine125 mg**
L-Valine125 mg**
Taurine125 mg**
BIOCATALYST VITA-MIN FORMULA
Magnesium (Magnesium oxide, Magnesium carbonate)93,75 mg25%
Vitamin C (L-Ascorbic acid)80 mg100%
Niacin (Nicotinamide)8 mg50%
Iron (Iron fumarate)7 mg50%
Zinc (Zinc sulfate)5 mg50%
Vitamin E (DL-alpha-tocopherol, DL-alpha-tocopheryl acetate)3 mg25%
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine hydrochloride)2,38 mg170%
Manganese (Manganese sufate)1 mg50%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0,7 mg50%
Thiamine (Thiamine mononitrate)0,55 mg50%
Copper (Copper sulphate)500 µg50%
Vitamin A (Retinyl acetate)400 µg50%
Folic acid (Pteroylmonoglutamic acid)100µg50%
Iodine (Potassium iodine)75µg150%
Selenium (Sodium selenate)27,5 µg50%
Molybdenum (Sodium molybdate)25 µg50%
Biotin (D-biotin)25 µg50%
Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol)2,5 µg50%
Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)1,25 µg50%

Other ingrednients

CLA (conjugated linoleic acid), capsule shell (Gelatin, Glycerol, Glazing agent - white and yellow beeswax, Coloring agents - Titanium dioxide, Iron oxides and hydroxydes, E131, Azorubin), Anti-caking agents (Magnesium salts of fatty acids, Silicon dioxide), Maltodextrins, Rice starch, Whey Protein Concentrate (from milk), Soya oil, Emulsifier (Lecithin).

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Fat

Information

Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.


 

L-Carnitine Tartrate

Information


L-carnitine tartrate is formed from the combination of L-carnitine tartrate (organic acid) in a single molecule, increasing the interaction (synergism) of each of the substances used. L-carnitine is supplied to the body from the outside through animal food (mutton, beef, venison) or a combination of amino acids (lysine and methionine). It participates in the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria of the cell where they are burned. Tartrate reduces the deposition of fatty acids in the cells, thereby enhancing the effects of L-carnitine. It is recommended in endurance sports supplementation, as a dietary supplement for people on a slimming diet and to supplement the shortage of l-carnitine of people not consuming meat products (vegans).

L-Carnitine

Information

L-carnitine is a vitamin-like substance, synthesized in the body from amino acids (lysine and methionine) and available in foods of animal origin. It is a component of muscle (including cardiac muscle) and nerve tissue. Involved in the metabolism of fats affecting the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria of the cell, facilitating their burning and energy production. It is a potent antioxidant, contributing to the improvement of the aerobic condition and accelerating the recovery after intense exercise. Recommended for use for representatives of endurance sports. In the sports supplementation there are available mono-preparation of carnitine (in liquid form, acetylated [ALC], esterified [see. Propionyl-L-carnitine]) and multicomponent (e.g. in a complex with organic acids - see. L-carnitine tartrate) energetic, weight loss and improving the exercise capacity supplements, to be purchased at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: 1 - 3 g per day in 1 - 3 doses, preferably about 45 - 60 minutes prior to exercise.

Tyrosine

Information

Tyrosine - endogenous amino acid (synthesized within the body), one of the 22 protein amino acids building. It occurs naturally in animal food products (eggs, dairy, meat). If the deficiency, it can be synthesized by hydroxylation of phenylalanine, capable of being converted to tyrosine in the liver. It is a precursor of neurotransmitters: dopamine (the group of catecholamines, participating in the processes occurring in the nervous system, causing muscle coordination and participates in the synthesis of many hormones) and noradrenaline (counteracting stress, stimulating the heart and circulatory system, and increasing glycogenolysis and lipolysis participating in the processes of energy transformations). Tyrosine is a precursor of thyroid hormones responsible for the rate of change in metabolic processes and pigment (melanin). In the supplementation, preparations containing tyrosine are used in programs reducing body fat (weight loss), improve mood and are stimulants.
Dosage: Customarily 500-2000 mg per day.


 

Inositol

Information

Inositol is an organic compound from the group of B vitamins soluble in fluids, present in the natural or synthetic form, synthesized in plants, such as brewer's yeast, beans, grapefruit, cabbage, sprout of wheat, melons and animal (liver). Along with choline is included in the lecithin. It affects the cell nutrition of the central nervous system (brain) by reducing the level of LDL (bad cholesterol), this makes it applicable in treatment of Alzheimer's disease and atherosclerosis. It has a calming effect. There has been a beneficial effect of inositol on the skin and hair reported.


 

Choline

Information


Choline belongs to the soluble in liquids group of B vitamins. It is an organic nitrogen base containing lecithin, and acetylcholine. Together with inositol is involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol metabolism, preventing its accumulation on the walls of arteries and deposits in the gallbladder. With the penetration of the brain, contained lecithin improves its action and improves memory. Used in the treatment of age-related diseases (Alzheimer's). It occurs in plant foods: yeast, wheat germ, lecithin, green leafy vegetables and egg yolks.

 

Choline Bitartrate

Information

Choline bitartrate a combination of one molecule of tartaric acid and choline, and in this embodiment is a precursor of acetylcholine (neurotransmitter). The human body is able to intracellular synthesis of choline, using the amino acid and vitamin B12. Because of the possibility of shortages of the above mentioned substances, it is necessary to supplement them with supplementation. Choline is a component of lecithin, which is the building substance of cells conditioning the proper functioning of the nervous system, and sphingomyelin, acting as an insulator of nerve tissue. Bitartrate affects the course of fat metabolism. In the sports supplementation of choline, bitartrate is used in the stimulating supplements,, affecting concentration and programs of weight control (fat reduction).
Dosage: 1-3 grams per day.


 

Methionine

Information

Exogenous methionine is an amino acid containing sulphur in its composition. It provides multi metabolism, with the indispensable help of vitamin B6. Participates in the synthesis of phospholipids (e.g. Lecithin), carnitine responsible for transport in the body of long-chain fatty acids, burned in the mitochondria cells (organelles in cells with a separate kernel), along with cystine forms cysteine. It is in the body antioxidant function. Natural source of acquisition of methionine are high-protein foods of animal origin (eggs, meat, fish), vegetable (sesame seeds, grain products). Available in all protein and carbohydrate protein and amino acid supplements such EAA and contain so-called all-day amino acids, supporting the liver preparations and cosmetics supporting the growth and condition of hair, skin and nails.


 

Coffee bean extract

Information


The coffee bean extract, a source of polyphenols. Coffee seeds has chemical composition similar to green tea and grape seed. They neutralize free radicals and intensify burning processes and inhibit the formation of fat in the body, in addition to caffeine contains chlorogenic acid, an antioxidant that is slowing down the absorption of glucose from the gastrointestinal tract. It affects the fat reduction, intensifying the activity in combination with caffeine and EGCG. It is a component of many dietary supplements and slimming preparations improving health prevention.

 

Chlorogenic acid

Information


Chlorogenic acid is a polyphenol found in many plants, including in particular the green fruit of the coffee plant, artichoke, nettle and prunes. Different than it is in the case of green coffee beans, roasted coffee beans contain a much smaller amount of the compound, since it is degraded during thermal treatment. This acid is antibacterial, antioxidant, and also a positive effect on glucose metabolism. Reduces the absorption of sugar from the gastrointestinal tract and improves insulin sensitivity. These properties of chlorogenic acid indicates that the compound is used in weight loss, which is also confirmed by a number of clinical trials carried out, showing its efficacy in reducing body mass. It should, however, be emphasized, that accurate analyses also showed that after the withdrawal of chlorogenic acid, they body mass may increase again.
Dosage: The recommended daily dose of chlorogenic acid is 800 mg.

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)

Information

Vitamin B5 (calcium pantothenate, pantothenic acid, pantotenol) is part of a complex of B vitamins affects the development of the central nervous system, is the building substance of cells. In the body synthesized by the intestinal bacteria. It occurs in animal products (meat, kidneys, liver) and plants (wheat germ, wheat bran, nuts, grains, green vegetables). Prevents fatigue and excessive stress, accelerates the healing of cuts and wounds, acts as a stimulant for the side effects of the use of antibiotics. Deficiency causes skin changes, and difficulty in blood clotting.


 

Calcium

Information

Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess result
ing from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications
are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)

Yerba Mate

Information

Yerba Mate extract - from the leaves of yerba mate (ilex paraguariensis), a drink popular in South American countries. The extract contains caffeine (as metaine) and is a powerful antioxidant. Teas and extracts of Yerba Mate leaves are slimming by causing a feeling of satiety and fat absorption, increase immunity of DNA through the binding of free radicals, reduce LDL cholesterol levels.
In the sports supplementation, the ursolic acid contained in the yerba mate, may be important, as it is an aromatase inhibitor, capable of lowering estrogen levels of men, thereby affecting the aesthetics of the figure. Yerba mate extract is a component of fat burners. In combination with green tea, bitter orange and black pepper (piperine) it increases thermogenesis.
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption.

Ginseng (Panax ginseng)

Information

Ginseng (Panax ginseng) standardized extract 27-30% of ginsenosides. The raw material is the ginseng root, from which is prepared the extract of substances called ginsenosides, containing 27-30% of this component. Ginseng root has been used for years in Oriental medicine. It shows the great biological activity: It increases mental and physical performance, increases vitality, is an antioxidant, strengthens the immune system, slows the ageing process.
In the sports supplementation extracts of ginseng support the exercise capacity (primarily oxygen metabolism of the body) and ensure fast renewal of muscular and nervous systems. Also enhances sexual ability. By standardizing, there is a higher concentration of the components, improving effectiveness, which raises the price of the product, but also guarantees its composition. Preparations of ginseng available at www.muscle-zone.pl.

Ginsenosides

Information


Ginsenosides (triterpene saponins) are biologically active ingredient in ginseng root, its leaves and generative organs. Improve the oxygenation of the tissues of the body, affecting the increase in exercise capacity during the psychophysical effort. An antibacterial and antiviral strengthening immunity. By antioxidant action, limit the development of free radicals and membrane protein brain. Improve sexual ability. Used in sports supplementation at different levels of training. Improve concentration and ability to memorize. Available in mono-preparation supplement and herbal blends, herbal-mineralizing and herbal vitaminizing blends.
Dosage: 10-50 mg per day.

Para-aminobenzoic acid

Information

Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) is soluble in water, part of the vitamin B complex. Synthesized in the body. Participates in energy conversion (metabolism) of proteins. Used in ointments to prevent excessive sun exposure, protecting against ultraviolet radiation. Positive effect on the condition of the skin and hair. According to a recent study, in conjunction with folic acid, allows to restore hair natural colour on gray. Synthesized in the body. Natural source of acquisition are: brewer's yeast, wheat germ, bran, whole grains, and rice and products of animal origin: liver and kidneys.
Dosage - the lack of strict standards daily dose

Chromium

Information


Chromium (chemical element from transition group of the chromium, chemically active) is actively involved in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It comes in the easily assimilable organic form and inorganic. Along with insulin, as a component of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), is used in insulin-dependent diabetes treatment, insulin involved in the metabolism of glucose in t proteins transport. Activator of enzymes involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. Available in animal origin products (liver, veal, chicken, turkey meat, oysters) and plant-origin (bananas, broccoli, cereal, wheat germ, spinach). Supplements containing chromium are recommended for fat loss (also thermogenic), and improving the functioning of the body. The sports supplementation used chromium in the form of mono-preparations or in the form of vitamin-mineral minerals supplements.
Chromium deficiency results in impaired glucose, reducing the insulin sensitivity. It causes a decrease in immunity and endurance of the body. It may be a cause of coronary heart disease. Sometimes it causes neurological disorders.
Dosage: A varied diet prevents from the deficiency of chromium in the body.

Dosage: The recommended dose of 50-150 mg per day.

 

Chloride

Information

Chlorine (chemical element from the group of halogens) - in the natural form of gas it is poisonous and water-soluble (until recently used as a disinfectant in the water supply system, now replaced by fluorination). It is chemically active element. It is used in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium (KCl). It participates in the process of digestion and maintains acid-base balance in the body, removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver (antitoxin). Natural source of chlorine for the body is salt and bladderwrack.
Chlorine deficiency can occur due to excessive sweating, vomiting, causing digestive tract problems. It also causes loss of hair and teeth.
Excess chlorine, for example. Drink excessive amounts of chlorinated water, destroys bacterial flora and vitamin E.
Dosage: Daily dose should not exceed 15 grams.


 

Chromium Picolinate

Information

Chromium Picolinate is a complex containing trivalent chromium and picolinic acid, for greater assimilation, it has chelating and anti-inflammatory properties. Trivalent chromium is a part of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), supporting the anabolic effect of insulin in the creatine transport into the muscle cells. Chromium is used to treat type 1 diabetes melitus, and with insulin it is involved in the metabolism of glucose it transport of protein. It is an activator of enzymes involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. Chromium picolinate is used by people active beyond sports and in sports supplementation as fat burners affecting fat reduction, weight loss, as well as a compound which enhances uptake of nutrients by muscle cells and the vitamin and mineralizing supplements, available www.muscle-zone. pl

Green tea extract

Information

Green tea extract is a concentrate that contains biologically active compounds: polyphenols (e.g. catechin, in the form of EGCG - epigallocatechin gallate), having antioxidant properties and a small thermogenic potential, modifies the action of testosterone metabolites, DTH. Green tea extract is an ingredient of many sports supplements containing fat burners, having pro-health and vitaminizing effect; also for those with low physical activity as an antioxidant and slimming supplement. Available either as mono-preparations, ready drinks, and above all as an extract.
Dosage: 200-500 mg per day (depending of the content of other active bio-components).


 

EGCG

Information


EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate) - a compound occurring naturally in the leaves of green tea and sage nutmeg. Powerful antioxidant resulting in removing free radicals out of your body. It has the thermogenic potential (enhanced when combined with other substances including caffeine, capsaicin, etc.), allowing a faster fat reduction. Affects preventively in the side effects of the glandular hypertrophy (prostate) and male pattern baldness. Recommended for those who are active physically and professionally, for the maintenance of body composition and body aesthetics. It is a component of fat burners, allowing for faster slimming.
Dosage: 50-500 mg per day.

 

Guarana (Paulinia cupana)

Information

Guarana (Paulinia cupana) is a plant of the family Sapindaceae, of which seeds contain purine alkaloid (caffeine), acting as a stimulant on the body of the athlete. The caffeine content in the seeds of guarana is between 4 and 8%. Powdered seeds are the raw material for supplements. Thanks to the slow release of caffeine in the human digestive tract, stimulation takes longer and is less rapid than the consumption of strong coffee or infusions of caffeine. The extracts of Guarana supports the athlete’s body, they increase exercise and endurance capacity (especially aerobic). Guarana is also a component of fat burners. It is often combined with extracts of various plants (e.g. Green tea, cayenne pepper, herbal and synthetic substances). Besides infusions, guarana is in the form of a one-component water soluble powders, capsules, and bottled beverages and concentrates.
Dosage: In terms of 100-300 mg of caffeine per serving, depending on the needs.


 

Caffeine

Information

Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before
sleep.


 

Ginger root extract

Information

Ginger root extract is an extract of ginger - plants occurring in tropical Asia and Australia, the Zingiberaceae famly, (in Zingiberaceae are also turmeric and cardamom which are just as ginger a valuable kitchen spice). Characterized by a high content of gingerols (phenylpropane derivatives), acting inflammatory, diaphoretic, warming, antioxidant reducing oxidation of LDL cholesterol and the deposition of atherosclerotic plaque on the walls of blood vessels. It is used in the reducing body fat supplements. In combination with glucosamine and curcumin it affects the regeneration of joints, treatment of musculoskeletal system injury and regeneration. In the sports supplementation pro-health and thermogenic potential of ginger root is used.
Dosage: 50-200 mg per day.


 

Gingerols

Information

Gingerols - contained in the ginger rhizome active ingredients are derivatives of phenylpropane. Anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, warming and regulating the digestive system and digestive tract. They are an antioxidant that reduces oxidation of LDL cholesterol and the building-up of atherosclerotic plaques, lower blood pressure. They also are used in the supplements for the reduction of body fat. When combined with glucosamine, chondroitin and curcumin allow for the regeneration of joints. In the In the sports supplementation they are used for their anti-inflammatory potential, facilitating treatment and rehabilitation after injuries of motoric organs.
Dosage: 10-20 mg per day.


 

Cayenne pepper

Information

Cayenne pepper - derived from hot peppers chilli, is not only the kitchen spice, but also a component of supplements. It contains capsaicin (an alkaloid which affects the vanilloid receptor, causing the feeling of warming). The increase in temperature causes the release of adrenaline and noradrenaline (catecholamines) from the adrenal medulla, and the consequent increase of metabolism and intensity of the lipolysis (resulting in reduction of adipose tissue) and is applicable in slimming diets (especially for people with low physical activity). It should not be combined with preparations containing capsaicin and casein (dairy) in one meal, as casein will cause the degradation, as it is an inhibitor of capsaicin. In the supplementation it is used as mono-preparation supplement or ingredient of supplements reducing body fat, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: usually 25 - 100 mg / 24h

Capsaicin

Information

Capsaicin organic compound found in chilli pepper fruits, soothing feeling pain and having thermogenic properties, revealing under the influence of temperature increase (above 42° C) as a result of the release of adrenaline and noradrenaline from the adrenal medulla, while the increase of metabolic processes and intensity of burning fat. It is inadvisable to use capsaicin products containing casein, which causes a delay in the rate of change and can cause discomfort in the upper abdomen. In the sports supplementation capsaicin is used in conjunction with caffeine, polyphenols in green tea in the programs fat reduction and weight control. Also used by people on weight loss diet with the average of physical activity. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the lack of defined standards of daily consumption

 

Citrus Bioflavonoids

Information

Citrus bioflavonoids (flavanones) - are found in citrus fruits (oranges and bitter grapefruit) and contain naringenin and naringenin with a strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action and enhancing metabolism of a number of substances. Increase immunity and strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Reduce the secretion of cortisol, while increasing the norepinephrine hormone allowing for the reduction of body fat. Citrus flavonoids are an ingredient of supplements in the category of "health and beauty", vitaminizing supplements, thermogenics, herbal blends supporting the functioning of the endocrine system.


 

Citrus aurantium extract

Information

Citrus aurantium extract (Bitter orange extract) is widely used in weight reduction process, among athletes, active individuals and people with so called sedentary life-style. It is a source of synephrine and octopamine, which in combination with caffeine and polyphenols contained in green tea affect lipolysis, releasing fatty acids from adipocytes, causing increased energy expenditure, burning them in the sources of cells vital energy (mitochondria). It became popular after the banning ephedine (dangerous for the body) by WADA .
The extract of bitter orange is part of the weight loss
supplements (I.e. thermogenics), pre-workout creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: No specific standards of daily consumption. At high hypertension and
with medicines containing a statin, extract of bitter orange should not be used.


 

Hesperidin

Information

Hesperidin - bioflavonoid occurring naturally in plants (fruit, vegetables and herbs), is an antioxidant binding free radicals, is beneficial to cardiovascular system (strengthening of blood vessels, improved circulation). Increases the effectiveness of ascorbic acid and maintaining the appropriate structure of collagen, affects the state of connective tissue. It also has anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic potential (reducing the release of histidine) and increases immunity. In the supplementation there is lack of hesperidin mono-preparation. Both in the form of natural or synthetic, present in combination with quercetin, rutin and ascorbic acid. Available in supplements to support immunity, and in some creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: Recommended in sports supplementation 20-100mg per day.


 

Grapefruit extract

Information

Extract of grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) - is a source of sugars, flavonoids, carotenoids, pectin and vitamins (B group, C, E) and Furanocoumarin (due to the influence of the activity of the liver may inhibit the assimilability of medicines). Thanks to naringin, narigenins and nobiletins show high antioxidant potential, influencing the reduction in the level of free radicals. Supports the processes of fat reduction. Influences the level of lipid and insulin the body and increases immunity. It is an ingredient used in supplements for reducing body fat mass and supplements enhancing immunity, as well in vitamin and vitamin-minerals supplements, creatine stacks, antioxidants and pro-testosterone complexes intended for physically active people.
Dosage: Depending on the concentration of the raw material from several dozen to several hundred mg per day.


 

Naringenin

Information

Naringenin (5,7,4'-Trihydroxyflavanone) is derived of flavone, found in grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) giving their to bitter taste. It is a very potent anti-oxidant, lowers cholesterol, improves blood supply to the tissue, useful for reducing body fat. It has properties of lowering the risk of developing cancer. By blocking the receptors, 11 beta-HSD, lowers cortisol levels. It is a component of herbal products supporting the endocrine system. In supplementation, used are: its thermogenic potential and increasing the effectiveness of other substances (e.g. Caffeine), in the form of pro-health supplements, vitaminizing, herbal products.


 

Ca-HMB

Information

Ca-HMB is in liquid form and is a combination of calcium and beta-hydroxy-beta-methyl butyrate in a single molecule, resulting in a neutralized acidic. Benefits of calcium are discussed under the entry: calcium. HMB is a derivative of leucine synthesized within the body. Its source may be also plant foods (grapefruit, alfalfa (lucerne)) and some fish species. The substance has a low anti-catabolic and anabolic potential, helpful for people starting an increased physical activity, it may also contribute to the reduction of body fat. It is a component of anti-catabolic supplements, creatine stacks and amino acid as well as mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: should not exceed 6 grams per day.


 

HMB

Information

HMB - beta-hydroxy-beta-methyl acid, a fat derivative of leucine (endogenous amino acid) synthesized from leucine in the human body. In its natural form (unfortunately in small quantities) is available in grapefruit, alfalfa and meat of some fish. Information about special anabolic and anti-catabolic action appears to be greatly exaggerated. However, it is recommended to use HMB by untrained persons who take an physical activity, in order to ensure adaptation to exercise and protect muscle tissue during exercise exceeding the general standard. In the sports supplementation is used rarely (due to not fully confirmed action in reducing the body fat, anabolic and anti-catabolic properties).
Dosage: 3-5 g per day


 

Leucine

Information

Leucine is an essential amino acid, one of the three branched chain amino acids, ketogenic, its isomer is isoleucine. It affects the secretion of anabolic hormones (insulin, combined carbohydrates), acts on enzymes (mTOR) starting the process of muscle protein synthesis and controlling its course. Protein synthesis by leucine is affecting the development of bones, muscles and skin. It reduces the fat tissue. Without the availability of leucine, protein synthesis is impossible. It naturally occurs in animal products (such as eggs, meat, dairy and fish), plant origin, and as a post-training supplements, BCAA, EAA, no-boosters, creatine stacks, carbohydrate supplements. Ir is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements. It is one of the most important amino acids for the athlete's body, basically in every sports discipline.
Dosage: The demand is 5-10 g / 24h, dosage pre- and post-workout and in the morning after waking up.


 

Isoleucine

Information

Isoleucine is an essential branched amino acid (BCAA), leucine-isomer. It has anti-catabolic action ( protects muscle against decay), glucogenic (an alternative energy source when the level of glucose after exercise decreases, helps for the regulation of blood glucose levels, reduces the deficiency of fatty acids), anti-catabolic (muscle protects against decay), reduces stress. It participates in the synthesis of proteins (including the synthesis of hemoglobin). It is an essential part of the regeneration of damaged tissues of the body, and after intense training. It occurs in products containing animal protein (meat and dairy products, eggs, dairy products) and plant (almonds, walnuts) and dietary supplements.
Isoleucine is applied with other branched chain amino acids: leucine, valine, and in the supplement complex type of BCAA, in the proportions: leucine: isoleucine: valine = 2: 1: 1. The supplements used in competitive sports requiring increased strength, the bigger share of isoleucine is used.
Dosage: No standard daily use. Frequently applied directly after the workout during the decrease of the glucose level of or at fatty acid deficiency.


 

Valine

Information

Valine – is a branched essential amino acid, indispensible for the functioning of the nervous system (receiving of sensory information), involved in muscle protein synthesis and energy generation. Administration of additional doses of valine before exercise (or immediately after) has anti-catabolic effect, protecting the proteins and allowing them to rebuild. It is slightly stimulatory (delays symptoms of fatigue during workout), affecting the level and relations of neurotransmitters. It helps to protect the liver. It stimulates an increase in strength and muscle mass, participates in the reduction of body fat. BCAA, EAA, and other mixtures of amino acid supplementation, protein and protein supplements and carbohydrate-stacks, brings positive results in strength and endurance sports.
Valine deficiency can occur in case of increased energy needs of the body,
as the result of stress and too much stress load.


 

Taurine

Information

Taurine – non-protein amino acid containing sulphur, which is synthesized in the body from methionine and cysteine, present in sufficient amount in human or animal body (in the brain, heart and skeletal), although in some cases must be supplemented. Significantly affects the calcium content in the cells and stabilizes the water and electrolyte balance and maintains acid-base balance. Takes part in the synthesis of bile acids. In the body acts as a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator. It is an insulin-mimetic improving insulin metabolism, responsible for transport of nutrients (such as amino acids, glucose, creatine) to the cells and muscle tissue. These properties determine that it is a valued mono-preparation supplement and valuable addition to creatine and amino acid supplements, recommended for psycho-pchysically active people and athletes and other competitive sportsmen in pre- and post-workout periods.
Dosage: 3 grams per day.


 

Magnesium

Information

Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day

Magnesium oxide

Information

Magnesium oxide – the most common form of this macroelement in supplementation that is essential to the human body. It belongs to a group of key intracellular cations and that is why its adequate levels are critical to maintaining the body’s homeostasis. An active lifestyle increases requirements for magnesium and that is why its supplementation is recommended strongly to athletes.

The most common symptoms associated with magnesium deficiencies are muscle cramps and eye twitches. This is connected with a significant impact of magnesium ions on the efficiency of the nervous system. Its adequate intake helps maintain neuromotor fitness. Deficiencies of this element are also said to aggravate symptoms of depression.

What is more, magnesium supplementation supports healthy cardiovascular function. It is suggested that its deficiencies promote the development of atherosclerotic lesions and hypertension. Too low dietary magnesium intake is associated with arrythmia and increased risk of heart attack.

Magnesium supplements are recommended to individuals doing hard mental work and learning. Its healthy levels enhance focus and may facilitate learning. It has a beneficial impact on sleep quality.

Magnesium carbonate

Information

What is magnesium carbonate?

Magnesium carbonate is an inorganic magnesium salt of carbonic acid. It demonstrates the properties neutralizing gastric acid.

Magnesium is one of the most deficient elements of a classic diet, therefore supplements with magnesium are incredibly popular. Deficiencies of this mineral mainly may result in hypertension, lower sensitivity to insulin and psychological symptoms, such as increased stress, irritability, fatigue and weariness.

This element also takes part in regulating water balance in the organism and nerve transmission. It influences muscle work, which may be observed in characteristic cramps related to magnesium deficiency. It is also known for its anti-stress and sedative properties, thanks to which it is willingly used before sleep and in the situations characterized with high psychological burden. It is also important for mineral density of bones, as right next to calcium, it is one of the most important elements for maintaining strong and healthy bones. 

Vitamin C

Information


Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) it is a vitamin soluble in body fluids, can be taken from foods (fruits and vegetables), or as drug derived synthetically. The largest of its resources can be found in broccoli, Brussels sprout, kale, black currant fruit and hawthorn, citrus fruits, tomatoes, Savoy cabbage, potatoes. In fact, intake of vitamin C of the food products does not limit the absorbed quantity. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, it is an antitoxic, increasing the immune system due to the elimination of risk of bacterial contamination. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of iron. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels.
Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, impaired
absorption of iron, scorbutus. With the lack of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette is destroying up to 100 mg of vitamin C.
Dosage: The demand is 60-80 mg daily. It does not limit the ability to consume higher doses. Some side effects may occur only with longer
taking of synthetic vitamin C.

Ascorbic acid

Information

Ascorbic acid – vitamin C. Its biologically active form is the L-isomer, which negatively rotates the polarised light, so that it is a dextroisomer (laevorotatory vitamin C does not exist). It is a strong antioxidant; it reduces the amounts of free radicals, which reduces oxidative stress, a factor leading to cell apoptosis, which is why it is indicated to be a cause for premature ageing.

It supports the immune system functions and increases body system immunity. It is an essential element of the collagen synthesis path, which is why it positively affects the condition of connective tissue. Hence, it promotes also wound healing and increases the durability of capillary vessel. It is involved in transformations of tyrosine and carnitine as well as of some nutrients, so that it affects metabolism. It can also have an impact on the nervous system functions, as it reduces mental fatigue.

Higher supply of vitamin C is especially recommended in the periods of more intensive body system burden, after infections and in order to accelerate regeneration. The indications for increased supply of the vitamin are also hard physical work or intensive trainings.

Vitamin B3

Information

Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.


 

Nicotinic acid amide (Nicotinamide)

Information

Nicotinic acid amide – also known as nicotinamide, belongs to a group of compounds referred to as vitamin B3, along with nicotinic acid and inositol hexanicotinate. It exerts its main biological activity as a precursor to two key coenzymes for efficient energy metabolism of the body: nicotinamide adenine dinucletodide and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. They are responsible for carrying hydrogen and electrons in the respiratory chain and thus facilitate efficient energy production by the human body.

Nicotinamide supplementation is recommended for active persons not only because of its ability to promote the body’s energy efficiency. It has also a beneficial impact on mind, increases tolerance to stressors and may reduce symptoms of depression. It is pointed out that niacin supplementation correlates positively with sleep quality.

Unlike nicotinic acid, nicotinamide does not show the ability to produce a “flush effect”, namely redness in the face caused by taking large doses of niacin. It has been also shown to influence partly cardiovascular function.

Nicotinamide is also indicated to influence beneficially the absorption of other B vitamins and vitamin D. This compound should be taken with caution by diabetics because it can increase the body’s demand for insulin.

Iron

Information

The iron part of the dye in the form of the heme (hemoglobin and myoglobin in meat), a non-haem (in plant), and enzymes responsible for transport and storage of oxygen in the body. It occurs in enzymes responsible for: the metabolism of fatty acids, prostaglandin biosynthesis, catabolism of tryptophan. The absorption of iron in plant is lower than in animal products. In plant foods, it is reduced by contained chemicals: phytates and oxalates, also calcium and high acidity (pH factor). Only 8% of the intake of iron is absorbed by the body and transported to the blood. For tts absorption is needed sufficient amount of: cobalt, manganese, copper and vitamin C. Iron itself is essential for the metabolism of B vitamins. Source of acquisition of iron are animal products (meat, organ meats, egg yolks) and plant products (whole grain bread, beans , cocoa, parsley, nuts, soy). Iron is also present in synthetic form as a component of vitamin-mineral and mineral and mono-preparation supplements, often enriched with vitamin C. Supplements containing iron compounds are recommended for athletes during intense training and those on a meatless diet (vegetarians and vegans).
Iron deficiency causes anaemia. Using a large amount of strong coffee or tea hinders the absorption of iron. Symptoms of iron deficiency are: insomnia, diarrhea, impaired body temperature, loss of papillae on the tongue, reduced exercise capacity, and reduced intellectual and psychological efficiency.
Excess iron reduces the absorption of other elements (e.g. zinc, copper), reduced immunity, causing tissue damage of some organs (kidney, liver, heart), increased risk of cancer.
Dosage: 3-12 mg per day.


 

Zinc

Information


Zinc (chemical element from transition group 12) belongs to the trace elements, it helps maintain acid-base balance of the body, protein, energy, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It provides bone metabolism and transport of oxygen. It protects the body against free radicals. Necessary for the proper operation of the senses of taste and smell. Positive impact on the process of insulin metabolism in the pancreas. It supports visual adaptation to the dark, has a significant influence on brain function. It is helpful in the treatment of infertility and mental illness.
Zinc deficiency leads to decreased immunity, and growth retardation. Zinc deficiency can occur in case of excessive consumption of simple sugars. In the case of hormonal therapy of women with irregular menstruation, the therapy should be associated with increased consumption of zinc. It can be found in food like: beans, eggs, carrots, beef and pork meat, milk, nuts, citrus fruits, seafood, rice, cottage cheese, lettuce.
Dosage: Daily 12-15 mg zinc. Exceeding the daily dose of 20 mg cause symptoms of poisoning of the body.

 

Vitamin E

Information

Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.


 

Vitamin B6

Information

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).


 

Pyridoxine hydrochloride

Information

What is pyridoxine hydrochloride?

Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a basic, the most commonly used form of vitamin B6 in supplements and fortified foods. It is a vitamin soluble in water. It converts to the active form of the vitamin - pyridoxal phosphate.

Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions. It takes part in the production of many neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin and catecholamines and it takes part in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. It is an important factor for the process of the creation of red cells and hemoglobin and its deficit may be one of the factors causing anemia. This vitamin contributes to maintaining proper energy metabolism and is important for maintaining well-being and good psychological condition. Its presence supports the breakdown of pro-inflammatory homocysteine to cysteine and further metabolites, thanks to which it may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiological incidents.

Pyridoxine hydrochloride may be found in many vitamin B complexes and vitamin-mineral preparations available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Manganese

Information

Manganese, of which a natural source is chocolate, grain products with whole grain, nuts, legumes and dried cranberry, is a component of enzymes and their activator. It stimulates the properties and functionality of connective tissue and provides proper functioning of the brain. It affects the function of the pancreas, ensuring proper insulin metabolism and condition of the bone and joints. Magnesium deficiency contributes to serious disorders in synthesis of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin, reduction in insulin sensitivity of tissues, affects bone resorption. Manganese chelates are used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine for the treatment of severe poisoning (antitoxin) by heavy metals, in sports supplementation, manganese impact on the functioning of the locomotor system is used. It is a component of the so-called regenerators of joints and a vitamin-mineralizing and mineralizing supplements.


 

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Information

Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is soluble in liquids, is involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Required for growth of the organism. Takes part in the production of erythrocytes (red blood cells). It is located in natural foods, such as yeast, meat (especially liver, kidney, heart), milk, fish and green leafy vegetables.
A deficiency of vitamin B2 inhibits the growth, diseases of the mouth, loss and greasy hair, seborrhea and stratification of nails. Increases skin roughness and
susceptibility to acne and oily skin.
Dosage: 1-2 mg per day.


 

Vitamin B1 (thiamine)

Information

Vitamin B1 (thiamin, vitamin B) improves mental alertness and strengthens the nervous system ensuring the proper functioning of the brain. It improves cardiac and muscular system. It is suportive in the treatment of shingles. Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Natural source of vitamin B1 are brown bread, yeast, eggs, raw vegetables, meat, milk, legumes, cheese.
Vitamin B1 deficiency hinders the processes of decomposition of sugars (catabolism), causes a loss of appetite and disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract, can cause polyneuritis and disease beriberi.
Dosage: Recommended daily intake is 1-2 mg.


 

Copper

Information

Copper - trace mineral that facilitates the introduction of iron into hemoglobin, allowing the correct functioning of antioxidant processes. It is an important component of enzymes that affect the processes of aerobic metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and in the formation of collagen. With proper diet, do not use supplements containing copper, as an overdose can cause insomnia, hair loss. It occurs in foods such as legumes, offal, plums, seafood. Copper compounds must be used in a responsible way, because many of them have toxic properties.
Dosing: A sufficient amount of copper provides proper diet.


 

Vitamin A

Information

Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.


 

Folic acid

Information

Folic acid - also known as vitamin B9, is a synthetic form of naturally occurring folates. It needs to be transformed to folates in order to be biologically active also in the human organism. Therefore, its supplementation is recommended to people who do not have problems with methylation processes.

The majority of people associate folic acid with the period of pregnancy. It is definitely a justified association. Proper supply of vitamin B9 conditions correct development of the fetus and prevents disorders of neural tube defects in a baby.

Supplementation with folic acid also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system of adults. Some sources say that it is conducive to maintaining beneficial emotional states. Moreover, folic acid takes part in the process of erythropoiesis, thanks to which it enables efficient production of red cells.

Supplementation with folic acid should be also considered by men who deal with low sperm quality. It was proven that complementing the level of vitamin B9 is conducive to increasing reproductive abilities of men.

Iodine

Information

Iodine - more than two-thirds of iodine is stored in the thyroid gland and it is a component produced by it hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals and regulating the processes of growth, causing it usefulness in sports supplementation. It is also the ingredient of weight loss products. Regulates and controls body temperature. Natural source of acquisition of iodine are: bladderwrack, seafood, sea fish and onion and vegetables growing in soil containing this element and most of all iodized salt ..
Deficiency of iodine in the body cause hypothyroidism, and consequently overweight, mental slowing (cretinism inclusive). It
is the cause of a goitre. Iodine deficiency can be caused by rhodanates and polyphenols (e.g. contained in cabbage and cauliflower), hemagglutinin found in legumes.
Excess iodine can result in inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis (this
happens in a small percentage of cases).
Dosage: Treatment of iodine should be done under medical supervision. Daily demand for adults is 150 mcg. For pregnant women daily demand increases to 175 mcg.


 

Potassium

Information

Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.


 

Selenium

Information

Selenium (element, chemical symbol Se, atomic no. 34, from chalcogenide, it is present in several allotropic forms). It is supplied the body with food in the form of seleno-amino acids (selenomethionine - gathering supplies, and selenocysteine – a component of glutathione peroxidase, deiodinase and seleno-proteins). Regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland. It affects the growth and development, including sexual development (by increasing production and sperm motility). It affects the flexibility of the tissue, removes some of the toxins from the body and destroys cancer cells and reduces the severity of menopause in women. Natural products containing selenium are seafood (sea fish, oysters, bladderwrack) and vegetable products (broccoli, onions, wheat germ, bran, tomatoes) and animal products (poultry, eggs). It is also included in the composition of vitamin-mineral and mineral supplements. Selenium supplementation is recommended as a dietary supplement of active people having diet poor in this element, and as a factor increasing the body's immunity.
Selenium deficiency increases the risk of developing cancer and heart disease. Symptoms of selenium deficiency are: cardiomyopathy, growth stoppage,
disorders of detoxification processes which may lead to damage to the kidneys and liver.
An excess of selenium can lead to selenosis (the disease, the symptoms are: loss of hair, nail cracks, lesions).
daily
demand of selenium for pregnant women 65 mcg; nursing mothers 75 mcg; men 7 mcg.

Sodium

Information

Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.


 

Molybdenum

Information

Molybdenum (the element of the chromium groups, atomic no. 42, a chemical symbol Mo) - a trace element involved in the metabolic conversion of carbohydrates and fats and increases the absorption of iron. It is used to treat anaemia. Well affects the mood.. It is a component of many dietary supplements and in foods such as lettuce, cabbage and other leafy green vegetables, whole grains (corn, sunflower, etc.).

Biotin

Information

Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.


Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day


 

Vitamin D

Information

Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess
of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.


 

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

Information

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin) is a vitamin soluble in liquids. Participates in the production of red blood cells and is essential in the absorption of iron by the body. It calming effect, a positive effect on concentration and memory. Intensifies its action in cooperation with folic acid (vitamin M). Usually occurs in animal products, fish and dairy products. It contains trace elements.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia, general and immunity weakness, inhibiting of growth and damage to the myelin sheath of nerves.


 

Cyanocobalamin

Information

What is cyanocobalamin?

Cyanocobalamin is a basic, the most commonly met form of vitamin B12 in vitamin B complexes and multivitamins available on the market.

Vitamin B12 is the most known for its influence on neurology. It takes part in building and regenerating myelin sheaths of neurons, thanks to which it contributes to the protection of the nervous system against damages. Because of the ability to increase the level of S-Adenosyl methionine, vitamin B12 may contribute to more efficient synthesis of many neurotransmitters, thanks to which it positively influences well-being and psychical condition.

This vitamin is also engaged in the process of blood production and its deficiencies contribute to the creation of megaloblastic anemia. Its deficits may also concern vegetarians and vegans, elderly people, people with absorption disorders and those using drugs neutralizing gastric acid.

Cyanocobalamin is included in the composition of many complex vitamin supplements that may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

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