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Sparta Nutrition Cogni Keto is a dietary supplement with exogenous ketone compounds as calcium, sodium and magnesium beta-hydroxybutyrate, which provide a great support for a ketogenic diet, and compounds which enhance cognitive functions, memory and focus. The product has a pleasant, citrus flavour and is in a powder form which makes it easy to use.
Beta-Hydroxybutyrate (BHB) is a substance derived from acetyl-CoA at low glucose and insulin levels. BHB is oxidised into acetoacetate, another compound which belong to ketone bodies. Acetoacetate is a energy source for cardiac muscle and skeletal muscles and may be used also by the brain after so-called keto-adaptation.
Beta-hydroxybutyrate affects BDNF expression. BDNF, namely brain-derived neurotrophic factor, is a protein which belongs to nerve growth factors secreted by neurons. This factor is necessary for normal functioning of cholinergic and dopaminergic neurons, retinal neurons and motor and sensory neurons in the peripheral nervous system. Some researchers claim that there is a connection between low BDNF levels and some neurological disorders, including Parkinson’s disease which is caused by imbalance between cholinergic and dopaminergic transmission.
Beta-hydroxybutyrate has anti-inflammatory properties. It has been shown to inhibit the inflammasome NLRP3 – a multiprotein complex with proinflammatory activity. BHB contributes also to an increase in levels of some antioxidant enzymes, thereby helping reduce oxidative stress.
Keto-adaptation requires adequate intake of minerals – magnesium, calcium, potassium and sodium. Due to increased loss of water and minerals during a ketogenic diet, it is important to replenish them. Water and mineral deficiency may be manifested by a decrease in energy levels and weakness, which may be mistaken with carbohydrate deficiency.
MCT Oil (Medium Chain Triglycerides) contains medium chain fatty acids that are absorbed quickly and easily by the body. MCTs include lauric, caprylic, capric, palmitic and linoleic acid. MCTs do not need bile and enzymes for digestion, which distinguishes them from other fatty acids. MCTS are a quick and stable source of energy, especially for physically active individuals – medium chain fatty acids protect glycogen stores. What is more, they show thermogenic properties.
Alpha GPC (choline alfoscerate) is an excellent source of choline – a precursor to acetylcholine and phospholipids which form cell membranes. In medicine, alpha GPC is used as a nootropic in dementia and an agent which improves the function of CNS. Alpha GPC helps incorporate phospholipids (phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin) into membranes of nerve cells, thereby promoting their regeneration and improving memory and cognitive abilities. Studies on animals have shown the ability of alpha GPC to penetrate the brain.
Caffeine is a purine alkaloid which stimulates the central nervous system. Caffeine functions via several complex mechanisms of action, including the inhibition of phosphodiesterase (PDE) and antagonism of adenosine receptors. PDE inhibition leads to an increase in cAMP levels, thereby speeding up metabolism by enhancing processes of glycogenolysis and lipolysis. The blockade of adenosine receptors causes a reduction in sleepiness and fatigue.
Lion’s Mane is a fungus species with a long tradition in Asian medicine. It may stimulate the secretion of NGF (nerve growth factor), promoting neuroregeneration and nervous system function. Some studies suggest that it has procognitive properties. In addition, it exerts antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, consequently helping reduce oxidative stress.
Rhodiola rosea is a plant with validated adaptogenic properties, used commonly in traditional medicine. It improves the body’s physical and mental health and reduces stress levels. There are a few publications which have proven that rhodiola has antidepressant properties. Both the extract and salidroside, an ingredient isolated from this extract, affect neurotransmission whose abnormalities have a major role in the development of depression. Rhodiola rosea is helpful in learning difficulties, excessive stress and physical and mental fatigue.
L-Theanine is an amino acid found in green tea. Studies on animals have demonstrated that it has nootropic properties. It helps improve memory and learning processes. Studies on humans showed that L-theanine administration led to an increase in the amplitude of alpha brain waves, thereby resulting in relaxation and mental clarity. L-theanine may be a good choice in stressful situations which require intense concentration.
Huperzine A is an alkaloid present in the plant Huperzia serrata. This compound is a reversible and selective inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase, capable of crossing the blood-brain barrier. The inhibition of acetylcholine breakdown contributes to an improvement in neurotransmission and associative and memory processes. Huperzine A shows also neuroprotective properties owing to the ability to reduce levels of excitoxic glutamate and inhibit β-amyloid-induced apoptosis (programmed death) of nerve cells by preventing the formation of reactive oxygen species and caspase-3.
To sum up, Sparta Nutrition Cogni Keto provides good support for cognitive functions, memory and focus, especially when you are on a ketogenic diet. The formulation has been shown to increase energy levels and have sedative and adaptogenic properties. The product is recommended especially during strenuous physical and mental activity.
The product should be taken preferably when it is essential to increase motivation and focus. The formulation contains stimulants (caffeine and theanine). Because of that, avoid taking other stimulants throughout a day.
The supplement’s efficacy is maximised by lecithin, phosphatidylserine and B vitamins.
Sparta Nutrition is an American manufacturer of one of the most hardcore and innovative supplements on the market. In their offer you can find the following brands: Spartan Mass, Spartan Lean, Spartan Hard, and Cerberus.
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|per portion (16 g)||amount||%DV|
|Calories from Fat||9|
|Total Fat||1 g||2%|
|Saturated fat||1 g||5%|
|Total Carbohydrate||1 g|
|Calcium Beta-Hydroxybutyrate||4500 mg||*|
|Magnesium Beta-Hydroxybutyrate||2500 mg||*|
|MCT Oil Powder (std. 50% C8 Caprylic Acid)||2000 mg||*|
|Alpha-GPC 50%||1200 mg||*|
|Caffeine Anhydrous||125 mg||*|
|Lion's Mane extract 10:1||100 mg||*|
|Rhodiola rosea (std. 3% Rosavins and 1% Salirosides)||100 mg||*|
|Huperzine A 1%||1 mg||*|
Citric Acid, Silicon Dioxide, Calcium and Stevia Extract.
Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.
Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.
Saturated fatty acids are a group of fatty acid having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is linked by a single bond. Saturated fatty acids are commonly known as bad fat, which might adversely affect the cholesterol level, in particular by the action of acids: lauric, myristic, palmitic, and therefore their consumption should be reduced. Research carried out in this matter do not confirm entirely the prevailing beliefs.
Carbohydrates are an essential nutrient. They are divided into: simple sugars (monosaccharides), disaccharides and polysaccharides. In terms of the human bioavailability of carbohydrates is divided into: digestabe, those which are digested in the gastrointestinal tract by transferring energy to the tissues or cells (such as starch, fructose) and indigestable, resistant to digestive enzymes (e.g. cellulose) . Affects blood glucose levels (glycemic index) and the metabolism of insulin (insulin index). The greatest demand for carbohydrates occurs before physical activity or in the middle of it, because they increase the exercise capacity, consumed after exercise provide regeneration. In the sports diet the absorption rate it is important of carbohydrates and reactions of the organism. Available in mono-preparation supplements and part of the energetic supplements, creatine stacks, nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: according to the statistics of the Institute of Food and Nutrition, carbohydrates should comprise about 50% of daily energy intake. In some diets, used residual carbohydrate consumption, not exceeding 30g / 24h.
Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess resulting from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)
Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day
Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.
BHB (β-hydroxybutyrate) is a substance, which naturally appears in the organism and is synthesized mainly in the case of: large calorie deficit, fast, considerable restriction of carbohydrate supply, intensive workouts and certainly properly carried out ketogenic diet.
BHB has many interesting applications, mainly in cognitive and workout aspects, therefore supplementation with BHB is recommended both to physically active people (especially before and after workout) as well as to those who work intellectually.
BHB increases mind clarity and enables the achievement of full concentration, influences well-being, increases energy supplies and delays the feeling of fatigue. These effects result from i.a. its anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective activity.
Supplementation with exogenous BHB (available in the form of easily assimilable mineral salts of calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium) may constitute special support for people on ketogenic diet and may also alleviate the symptoms of keto-adaptation and accelerate its process. It may also enable increasing a daily limit of carbohydrates.
MCT (medium chain fatty acids) are a group of fatty acids called. the average carbon chain length, containing 6 - 12 carbon atoms. For MCT acids include: caproic (containing 6 carbon atoms - C6), heptanoic (C7), caprylic acid (C8), pelargonic acid (C9), capric (C10) and lauric (C12). In contrast to the long-chain acids digested by pancreatic lipase and absorbed through the portal vein to the liver transferred in the form of chylomicrons, reducing the risk of atherosclerosis. MCT is a natural source of coconut fat, less milk fat. Thanks to the properties of digestifs are a quick source of renewable energy (have the thermogenic potential). Antibacterial potency permits the use of clinical treatment (including liver diseases, malnutrition, disorders of metabolic processes). They are recommended in sports supplementation of different sports programs to reduce weight and build muscle mass, as a calorie complement of a diet and element of enhancing physical exercise capacity support element and wellness after exercise. Available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Alpha GPC (L-Alpha Glucerylphosphorylcholine, alphaglycerylphosphorylcholine) occurs naturally in the brain and milk. It is a chemical compound (a derivative of choline and its provider in the body) providing a precursor for the synthesis of acetylcholine, which is a neurotransmitter. Probably it has an impact on the secretion of the growth hormone that allows the intensification of tissue regeneration and it is improving the general condition and forming of proper body building.
The medicine uses it in the neurological treatments (stress, depression). In the sports supplementation is rarely used. It is a part of the supplements supporting a night renewal process.
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before sleep.
Rose root - (Rhodiola rosea) - due to the use in Oriental medicine, the root is also known as Golden Root. The use of preparation improves psychophysical capacity, reduces fatigue, improves mood, relieves stress and depression. It includes a variety of biologically active ingredients, such as flavonoids, polyphenols, tannins and proanthocyanidins. In the sports supplementation extracts from the golden root are used in the period of intensive training in order to improve the resistance to overload, in cases of stress overload, for improving the well-being and accelerate post-workout recovery time. The root of Rhodiola rosea is available as mono-preparation supplements and it is a component of supplements of versatile action. In clinical trials, in the treatment of moderate depression, a dose of 380-680mg / 24h was administered, without side effects.
L-theanine is an amino acid, not building proteins, occurring naturally in the dried green tea leaves, absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, overcomes easily blood-brain barrier, affecting the nervous system and the relation between neurotransmitters (e.g.dDopamine, serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid), with a relaxing effect and increases the psycho-physical capacity, (concentration, memory, alertness). Recommended for use for people burdened with considerable physical effort, athletes of sport disciplines that require concentration and memory, also for students in the period before exams. Available in the form of mono-preparations and multi-component relaxing and post-workout anti-stress supplements..
Dosage: customarily used in supplementation 50-200mg per day
Huperzine A - an alkaloid of plant origin having the ability to penetrate the blood-brain barrier, it is a negative catalyst for the degradation of acetylcholine, that improves nerve conduction and having a significant impact on the concentration, cognition and memory. It helps mitigate the effects of oxidative stress, and prevents the depressions, has neuroprotective actions improving well-being. In the sports supplementation it is recommended at pre-workout, pre-effort and during workouts in order to improve concentration, as an component of advanced creatine stack, no-boosters as well as herbal remedies that improve mood.
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