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Mentality Mentality

Rich Piana 5% Nutrition Mentality is a carefully selected blend of psychostimulants and nootropics. The supplement supports comprehensively mental functions, boosts mental performance, strengthens memory and facilitates focus. It provides a huge dose of energy and motivation for challenges, both intellectual and athletic ones. 

Far-reaching effects of the formula are due to four original blends. The supplement has been enriched with two important B vitamins vitamin B6 and vitamin B12. They optimise nervous system function and influence beneficially the body’s energy metabolism.

The blend Mind Over Matter Mental Power enhances mental performance and strengthens cognitive functions. Due to the content of adaptogens, it may also make you resistant to stress and accelerate the body’s adaptation to adverse conditions. This blend includes:

N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine (NALT) is an acetylated and thus highly bioavailable and efficient form of the amino acid L-tyrosine. It functions as a precursor to dopamine and noradrenaline. An increase in levels of these neurotransmitters contributes to improved mental and physical performance, boosted motivation and enhanced memory and focus.

Korean ginseng (Panax Ginseng) is a famous adaptogen with energising properties. Ginsenosides found in the plant’s root show many positive effects – they modulate the body’s response to stress, strengthen immunity and improve brain function.

Rhodiola Rosea is used most commonly to mitigate negative effects of stress and promote mental well-being. It has been demonstrated in studies that it may also improve psychomotor function and strengthen memory. Individuals exposed to stressors, who supplemented Rhodiola Rosea extract, had better results in cognitive abilities tests and much greater focus.

L-Phenethylamine belongs to indispensable amino acids and its primary function in the body is that it serves as a precursor to two important compounds – tyrosine and phenethylamine (PEA). Tyrosine is involved in the production of key neurotransmitters which affect both mental well-being and performance. PEA enhances considerably mood and increases physical endurance and resistance to pain.

White Willow is used widely in phytotherapy. Its bark contains unique compounds with pharmacological effects (flavonoids, glycosides and organic acids). The most important one is salicilin which has analogous effects to synthetic aspirin – it reduces inflammation, pain and fever. The extract from white willow bark is sometimes used for weight loss. 

Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA) is a frequent component of nootropic stacks. It promotes the production of crucial neurotransmitters and has a beneficial effect on neurotransmission. It strengthens memory and cognitive functions. It is a strong antioxidant, protects neurons against damage caused by excess free radicals.

Acetyl L-Carnitine (ALCAR) is an acetylated and bioactive form of the amino acid l-carnitine. It promotes the production of acetylcholine – a key neurotransmitter involved in cognitive processes and memory formation. It may also speed up learning. The presented supplement has been fortified with two other forms of L-carnitine, namely L-Carnitine Tartate and GlycoCarn® (GPLC), which are used usually in typical sport supplements, targeted at improving physical endurance. 

Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica) is another well-known adaptogenic plant. It has a tonic effect on the central nervous system, reduces anxiety and promotes well-being. It is an activator of MAPKs and thus stimulates the release of BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor). An increase in BDNF levels leads to enhanced mental performance, better memory and intelligence.

Ginkgo Biloba, specifically its leaves, is a rich source of unique compounds which strengthen memory and enhances focus. The mechanism of action is associated with improving cerebral circulation and maintaining the proper balance between noradrenaline and dopamine.

Pterostilbene is a phytoalexin, naturally produced by plants, appreciated due to its strong antioxidant potential. It activates proteins responsible for cellular signalling which contributes to improved memory. In addition, it protects against dopamine degradation. It delays the body’s ageing processes and the related decrease in cognitive abilities. 

Sulbutiamine is a synthetic derivative of vitamin B1 (thiamine) that is capable of crossing the blood-brain barrier. It acts on the cholinergic, dopaminergic and GABA-ergic system. It improves memory and focus and eliminates completely “brain fog”. Furthermore, it has a mild stimulating effect.

L-Theanine is an amino acid found, among others, in green tea leaves. It promotes so-called alpha waves which correlate with relaxation but also creativity. It works perfectly in situations requiring great creativity, the ability to associate facts quickly and recall useful information immediately from memory. It has synergistic effects with caffeine and reduces greatly potential side effects of caffeine overconsumption (anxiety and nervousness).

Hyperzine A is a compound derived from plants. It is active in the cholinergic system and serves as an inhibitor of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AchE) that is responsible for acetylcholine breakdown. Owing to that, more acetylcholine remains in the body which leads to faster learning, better memory and logical thinking.

The blend Psychostim Adler-All-In Energy Burst comprises compounds with strong psychostimulant properties. They are targeted at reducing immediately physical and mental fatigue and maximising energy levels. Such effects are produced by:

Caffeine is a substance from a group of purine alkaloids. It is found in more than 60 different plant species. The presented supplement contains its most popular botanical sources, which are leaves of the green tea Camellia sinensis, yerba mate leaves and guarana seeds. Their action is enhanced by caffeine malate and caffeine anhydrous. Such dose of caffeine reduces immediately sleepiness and fatigue, adds energy and stimulates the body. In addition, it boosts alertness, improves reaction time and sharpens senses.

Theobromine is found in cocoa beans and resembles structurally caffeine. Like caffeine, it demonstrates psychostimulant properties, but it has a much milder effect. Apart from releasing energy, it makes you feel blissful. It may also improve cerebral blood flow and thus helps strengthen cognitive functions.

The blend Lucid Focus Neurotransmission is aimed at strengthening the cholinergic system and improving neurotransmission. This is required for good memory, mind clarity and optimum intellectual performance. This complex consists of:

Alpha-GPC (choline alfoscerate) provides choline which is used for acetylcholine production. It contributes to strengthening memory and makes it easier to focus. It may also speed up learning. Choline bitartate found in this supplement has a similar action, although it does not penetrate the blood-brain barrier as effectively as Alpha-GPC.

DMAE (dimethylaminoethanol) is a chemical compound from a group of amino alcohols. It has a similar structure to choline and that is why it shows an affinity for the same receptors. It supports acetylcholine production, affects beneficially memory and learning.

Citicoline is a highly bioavailable form of choline with nootropic and psychostimulant properties. Apart from boosting acetylcholine levels, it promotes the production of noradrenaline and dopamine. It increases working memory and strengthens and provides motivation.

The blend Cerebral Shock Cognitive Igniter is aimed at strengthening cognitive functions. It accelerates thought processes and promotes logical and analytical thinking. Such effects can be achieved owing to the activity of following compounds in the body:

N-Methyl Tyramine (NMT) is a methyl derivative of tyramine. It enhances the production of key neurotransmitters. It has a stimulating and energising effect. It strengthens motivation and improves focus. 

Hingenamine is often called the “mild ephedrine”. In sports supplementation, it is a frequent ingredient of pre-workouts. It boosts noradrenaline release, adds energy and also promotes mind clarity, improves reflexes and sharpens senses.

Vinpocetine is synthesised from the alkaloid vincamine. It promotes vasodilation, improves cerebral circulation and stimulates energy production. This leads to improved cognitive abilities and enhanced mental performance.

To sum up, Rich Piana 5% Nutrition Mentality is a formula recommended especially to mental workers who are expected to provide optimum intellectual performance and be very creative and multi-tasking. It will be effective in athletes, especially competing in team sports who have to show great reflexes, excellent psychomotor coordination and the ability to focus to achieve their goals.

Out Of Stock
4 4
5

przekozak, po 10ciu na dobe napisalem softa do nowej apki z appla
5

Jak dla mnie bardzo dobry środek, jem go rano i popołudniu dwa razy dziennie i czuje różnice... Koncentracja na bardzo wysokim poziomie i pamięć jakby trochę lepsza. Ale to tylko moje odczucia. 5+
1

Najgorzej wydane pieniadze... Dzialanie kompletnie zadne;/ No moze po podwojnej porcji czuc dzialanie kofeiny i nic poza tym. Chce sie wykrzyczec BRAWO RICH!;/
3

średniak, nie urywa .... :/
Since 2005
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Mentality Mentality 90 caps.
5% NUTRITION
33.26 $

Mentality 90 caps.

3.5 based on 4 reviews

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33.26 $
Notify me of availability

- Delivery even day after tomorrow

- Foreign shippment from 5.75 $ Every 83.84 $ reduces shipping costs by 2.79 $

You have got questions about the product

sales@mz-store.co.uk

01709231594 (mon.-fri 900-1700)

Description
  • Supports comprehensively mental functions
  • Enhances neurotransmitter synthesis
  • Boosts alertness and sharpens senses
  • Improves nerve conduction
  • Optimises cerebral circulation
  • Promotes well-being
  • Enhances mental performance
  • Accelerates thought processes 
  • Raises motivation levels 
  • Improves focus 
  • Energises
  • Strengthens memory 

Rich Piana 5% Nutrition Mentality is a carefully selected blend of psychostimulants and nootropics. The supplement supports comprehensively mental functions, boosts mental performance, strengthens memory and facilitates focus. It provides a huge dose of energy and motivation for challenges, both intellectual and athletic ones. 

Far-reaching effects of the formula are due to four original blends. The supplement has been enriched with two important B vitamins vitamin B6 and vitamin B12. They optimise nervous system function and influence beneficially the body’s energy metabolism.

The blend Mind Over Matter Mental Power enhances mental performance and strengthens cognitive functions. Due to the content of adaptogens, it may also make you resistant to stress and accelerate the body’s adaptation to adverse conditions. This blend includes:

N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine (NALT) is an acetylated and thus highly bioavailable and efficient form of the amino acid L-tyrosine. It functions as a precursor to dopamine and noradrenaline. An increase in levels of these neurotransmitters contributes to improved mental and physical performance, boosted motivation and enhanced memory and focus.

Korean ginseng (Panax Ginseng) is a famous adaptogen with energising properties. Ginsenosides found in the plant’s root show many positive effects – they modulate the body’s response to stress, strengthen immunity and improve brain function.

Rhodiola Rosea is used most commonly to mitigate negative effects of stress and promote mental well-being. It has been demonstrated in studies that it may also improve psychomotor function and strengthen memory. Individuals exposed to stressors, who supplemented Rhodiola Rosea extract, had better results in cognitive abilities tests and much greater focus.

L-Phenethylamine belongs to indispensable amino acids and its primary function in the body is that it serves as a precursor to two important compounds – tyrosine and phenethylamine (PEA). Tyrosine is involved in the production of key neurotransmitters which affect both mental well-being and performance. PEA enhances considerably mood and increases physical endurance and resistance to pain.

White Willow is used widely in phytotherapy. Its bark contains unique compounds with pharmacological effects (flavonoids, glycosides and organic acids). The most important one is salicilin which has analogous effects to synthetic aspirin – it reduces inflammation, pain and fever. The extract from white willow bark is sometimes used for weight loss. 

Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA) is a frequent component of nootropic stacks. It promotes the production of crucial neurotransmitters and has a beneficial effect on neurotransmission. It strengthens memory and cognitive functions. It is a strong antioxidant, protects neurons against damage caused by excess free radicals.

Acetyl L-Carnitine (ALCAR) is an acetylated and bioactive form of the amino acid l-carnitine. It promotes the production of acetylcholine – a key neurotransmitter involved in cognitive processes and memory formation. It may also speed up learning. The presented supplement has been fortified with two other forms of L-carnitine, namely L-Carnitine Tartate and GlycoCarn® (GPLC), which are used usually in typical sport supplements, targeted at improving physical endurance. 

Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica) is another well-known adaptogenic plant. It has a tonic effect on the central nervous system, reduces anxiety and promotes well-being. It is an activator of MAPKs and thus stimulates the release of BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor). An increase in BDNF levels leads to enhanced mental performance, better memory and intelligence.

Ginkgo Biloba, specifically its leaves, is a rich source of unique compounds which strengthen memory and enhances focus. The mechanism of action is associated with improving cerebral circulation and maintaining the proper balance between noradrenaline and dopamine.

Pterostilbene is a phytoalexin, naturally produced by plants, appreciated due to its strong antioxidant potential. It activates proteins responsible for cellular signalling which contributes to improved memory. In addition, it protects against dopamine degradation. It delays the body’s ageing processes and the related decrease in cognitive abilities. 

Sulbutiamine is a synthetic derivative of vitamin B1 (thiamine) that is capable of crossing the blood-brain barrier. It acts on the cholinergic, dopaminergic and GABA-ergic system. It improves memory and focus and eliminates completely “brain fog”. Furthermore, it has a mild stimulating effect.

L-Theanine is an amino acid found, among others, in green tea leaves. It promotes so-called alpha waves which correlate with relaxation but also creativity. It works perfectly in situations requiring great creativity, the ability to associate facts quickly and recall useful information immediately from memory. It has synergistic effects with caffeine and reduces greatly potential side effects of caffeine overconsumption (anxiety and nervousness).

Hyperzine A is a compound derived from plants. It is active in the cholinergic system and serves as an inhibitor of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AchE) that is responsible for acetylcholine breakdown. Owing to that, more acetylcholine remains in the body which leads to faster learning, better memory and logical thinking.

The blend Psychostim Adler-All-In Energy Burst comprises compounds with strong psychostimulant properties. They are targeted at reducing immediately physical and mental fatigue and maximising energy levels. Such effects are produced by:

Caffeine is a substance from a group of purine alkaloids. It is found in more than 60 different plant species. The presented supplement contains its most popular botanical sources, which are leaves of the green tea Camellia sinensis, yerba mate leaves and guarana seeds. Their action is enhanced by caffeine malate and caffeine anhydrous. Such dose of caffeine reduces immediately sleepiness and fatigue, adds energy and stimulates the body. In addition, it boosts alertness, improves reaction time and sharpens senses.

Theobromine is found in cocoa beans and resembles structurally caffeine. Like caffeine, it demonstrates psychostimulant properties, but it has a much milder effect. Apart from releasing energy, it makes you feel blissful. It may also improve cerebral blood flow and thus helps strengthen cognitive functions.

The blend Lucid Focus Neurotransmission is aimed at strengthening the cholinergic system and improving neurotransmission. This is required for good memory, mind clarity and optimum intellectual performance. This complex consists of:

Alpha-GPC (choline alfoscerate) provides choline which is used for acetylcholine production. It contributes to strengthening memory and makes it easier to focus. It may also speed up learning. Choline bitartate found in this supplement has a similar action, although it does not penetrate the blood-brain barrier as effectively as Alpha-GPC.

DMAE (dimethylaminoethanol) is a chemical compound from a group of amino alcohols. It has a similar structure to choline and that is why it shows an affinity for the same receptors. It supports acetylcholine production, affects beneficially memory and learning.

Citicoline is a highly bioavailable form of choline with nootropic and psychostimulant properties. Apart from boosting acetylcholine levels, it promotes the production of noradrenaline and dopamine. It increases working memory and strengthens and provides motivation.

The blend Cerebral Shock Cognitive Igniter is aimed at strengthening cognitive functions. It accelerates thought processes and promotes logical and analytical thinking. Such effects can be achieved owing to the activity of following compounds in the body:

N-Methyl Tyramine (NMT) is a methyl derivative of tyramine. It enhances the production of key neurotransmitters. It has a stimulating and energising effect. It strengthens motivation and improves focus. 

Hingenamine is often called the “mild ephedrine”. In sports supplementation, it is a frequent ingredient of pre-workouts. It boosts noradrenaline release, adds energy and also promotes mind clarity, improves reflexes and sharpens senses.

Vinpocetine is synthesised from the alkaloid vincamine. It promotes vasodilation, improves cerebral circulation and stimulates energy production. This leads to improved cognitive abilities and enhanced mental performance.

To sum up, Rich Piana 5% Nutrition Mentality is a formula recommended especially to mental workers who are expected to provide optimum intellectual performance and be very creative and multi-tasking. It will be effective in athletes, especially competing in team sports who have to show great reflexes, excellent psychomotor coordination and the ability to focus to achieve their goals.

Directions for use
Manufacturer

Composition

Composition

Container size: 90 capsulesServing size: 3 capsulesServings per container: 30
per portion (3 capsules)amount%DV
Vitamin B6 (as pyridoxine HCl)12 mg600%
Vitamin B12 (as methylocobalamin)600 mcg10000%
Mind Over Matter Mental Power Blend:1000 mg-
N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine, Panax Ginseng Extract (Root), Rhodiola Extract (Root), L-Phenylalanine, White Willow Extract (Bark), Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA), Acetyl L-Carnitine Hydrochloride, L-Carnitine L-Tartrate, Gotu Kolu Extract (Herb), Ginkgo Biloba Extract (Leaf), Glycine Propionyl L-Carnitine Hydrochloride (GlycoCarn®), Pterostilbene, Sulbutiamine, L-Theanine, Huperzine A 1%
PsychoStim Adder-All-In Energy Burst:500 mg-
Green Tea (50% Caffeine) (Leaf), Dicaffeine Malate, Caffeine Anhydrous, Guarana Extract (Seed), Yerba Mate Extract (Leaf), Theobromine
Lucid Focus Neurotransmission Blend:300 mg-
Alpha-Glycerylphosphorylcholine (Alpha-GPC), Choline Bitartrate, DMAE DL-Bitartrate, Citicoline Sodium
Cerebral Shock Cognitive Ingniter Blend:45 mg-
N-Methyl Tyramine Hydrochloride, Higenamine Hydrochloride, Vinpocetine

Other ingrednients

Gelatin, plant cellulose, magnesium stearate, silicon dioxide, red 40

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Vitamin B6

Information

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).


 

Tyrosine

Information

Tyrosine - endogenous amino acid (synthesized within the body), one of the 22 protein amino acids building. It occurs naturally in animal food products (eggs, dairy, meat). If the deficiency, it can be synthesized by hydroxylation of phenylalanine, capable of being converted to tyrosine in the liver. It is a precursor of neurotransmitters: dopamine (the group of catecholamines, participating in the processes occurring in the nervous system, causing muscle coordination and participates in the synthesis of many hormones) and noradrenaline (counteracting stress, stimulating the heart and circulatory system, and increasing glycogenolysis and lipolysis participating in the processes of energy transformations). Tyrosine is a precursor of thyroid hormones responsible for the rate of change in metabolic processes and pigment (melanin). In the supplementation, preparations containing tyrosine are used in programs reducing body fat (weight loss), improve mood and are stimulants.
Dosage: Customarily 500-2000 mg per day.


 

Phenylalanine

Information


Phenylalanine (essential amino acid) is provided from the outside with food or synthetic products. Its source are the high-protein foods and supplements, concentrates: protein, amino acid and nutritional supplements for athletes. Precursor of tyrosine, thyroid hormones and neurotransmitters (adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine), phenylethylamines (neuromodulator) and melanin pigments of hair and skin. Essential for the proper functioning of the nervous system. It has analgesic, antidepressant, and is used as an additive to supplements with thermogenic and stimulating action. It is a component of aspartame.
Excess phenylalanine consumed by people with neurological problems, may reduce the availability of other essential amino acid tryptophan of nervous system and consequently lead to a reduction in serotonin and exacerbate the depression.

White willow

Information

White willow (Salix alba) [and the related species] due to anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-thrombotic properties of its bark (Cortex Salicis) is used as a raw medicinal material containing natural salicylic acid (increased availability, and minimized possibility of allergies), phenolic glycosides, catechin tannins and minerals. Formulations of the white willow bark are useful in the treatment of diarrhea, inflammation of the body at elevated temperatures and certain rheumatic diseases. Powdered white willow bark is used as a cosmetic allowing to reduce the sweating of feet. Due to the thermogenic potential it is used in the blends and on-weight loss supplements available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: no individual standards of daily consumption

L-Carnitine

Information

L-carnitine is a vitamin-like substance, synthesized in the body from amino acids (lysine and methionine) and available in foods of animal origin. It is a component of muscle (including cardiac muscle) and nerve tissue. Involved in the metabolism of fats affecting the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria of the cell, facilitating their burning and energy production. It is a potent antioxidant, contributing to the improvement of the aerobic condition and accelerating the recovery after intense exercise. Recommended for use for representatives of endurance sports. In the sports supplementation there are available mono-preparation of carnitine (in liquid form, acetylated [ALC], esterified [see. Propionyl-L-carnitine]) and multicomponent (e.g. in a complex with organic acids - see. L-carnitine tartrate) energetic, weight loss and improving the exercise capacity supplements, to be purchased at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: 1 - 3 g per day in 1 - 3 doses, preferably about 45 - 60 minutes prior to exercise.

Ginkgo biloba

Information

Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo biloba) - the world's only deciduous gymnosperm tree growing in Asia. A rich source of active ingredients (flavonoids and proanthocyanidins, terpenes) It affects the vascular system by extending the vessel while reducing bandwidth across cell membranes that protect red blood cells (RBC) against hemolysis, causes brain oxygenation, in the form of bilobalide protects myelin, causes the increased capacity of concentration and memory. In the sports supplementation used as component (in the form of extracts) of nutrients, improving circulation and processes of the wellness and health of the nervous system. Available as mono-preparation supplement and as a component of complex supplements.


 

Glycine

Information

Glycine is belongs to 22 essential amino acids (synthesized within the body) constructing proteins, and non-protein component of enzymes i.e. heme. It is a inhibiting neurotransmitter allowing for improvement in sleep comfort even at a dose of 3 g at bedtime. Glycine (as arginine) is a precursor of creatine. It is essential for the synthesis of a strong antioxidant - removing free radicals out of the body - glutathione. It is cholagogic and cholepoiteic. By interfering with the synthesis of growth hormone, accelerates the biological recovery of an organism. Naturally present in foods of plant and animal origin. In the sports supplementation is a component creatine stacks, amino acid supplements, protein supplements based on natural ingredients and carbohydrate and protein.


 

Propionyl L-carnitine

Information

Propionyl-l-carnitine (PLCAR), esterified form of carnitine, with anti-oxidant and neuroprotective potential, involved in processes related to energy conversion of fats, characterized by higher bioavailability and chemical stabilization than carnitine in free form. It affects the functioning of the circulatory and cardiac muscle. Increases concentration of carnitine in muscles without influencing insulin levels. Especially used while reducing body fat. Supports the exercise capacity and regeneration (strength, endurance, psychomotor capacity) contributing to the improvement of the body condition and body aesthetics. In the sports supplementation it is available as mono-preparation supplements (powder) and a multi-component preparations, used in strength and endurance sports and in the reduction of fat, a wide range of the supplements at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: customarily in the supplementation - 0.5 - 2g.24h

Glycocarn

Information

Glycocarn (GPLC) - glycine propionyl-L-carnitine is one of the more advanced call ester of L-carnitine and the essential amino acid glycine. Propionyl-L-carnitine (PLCAR) with high bioavailability, is involved in the metabolism of fat, and the influence on the composition and silhouette of body by reducing body fat. Improves the functioning of the cardiovascular system and the heart. Supports the exercise capacity. Glycine is selected from 22 endogenous amino acids that are building proteins, as well as no-protein component of enzymes (haem), is a neurotransmitter inhibiting antioxidant, cholagogic. Set of these components improves the GPLC bioavailability and improves its chemical properties, in particular effecting the reduction of body fat and improving the blood supply and nutrition of muscle and improves the aerobic capacity of organism. In the sports supplementation - used in programs to increase muscle mass and strength and improve body composition and body aesthetics, by athletes of strength and endurance sports, in the form of no-boosters, creatine stacks and pre- and post-workout supplements.
Dosage: 1-4 g per day (usual dose in sports supplementation).


 

Pterostilbene

Information

Pterostilbene is a modified form of resveratrol which is better absorbed by the body. It is a compound which may have a beneficial impact on detoxification process of the body, prevents the development of cancer and influences mitochondrial function, fat burning process and the function of nerve and muscle cells, which may be important to athletes.

Studies have shown that pterostilbene is a strong antioxidant and that is why it may help reduce oxidative stress in the body caused by oxygen free radicals. It inhibits their oxidation by increasing the secretion of antioxidant enzymes.

Scientists have also demonstrated that pterostilbene may have a major anti-cancer effect. It may inhibit the proliferation of melanocytes and block enzymes which activate carcinogens. It probably blocks the formation of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) – a hormone involved in the initiation of an inflammatory response. Because of that, we can presume that it will be an effective anti-inflammatory agent.

According to some sources, pterostilbene may stimulate the activity of fat-sensing complexes (caloric restriction), which results in a decrease in blood lipid and sugar levels and thus promotes body fat reduction. Results of one study have also shown that pterostilbene helps increase muscle gain and strength because it promotes anabolic processes.

Sulbutiamine

Information

Sulbutiamine – a syntetic derivative of vitamin B1, characterised by much higher absorption. It can penetrate biological membranes and cross the blood-brain barrier. According to studies, it shows neuroprotective properties (improves cognitive functions, mainly creativity, motivation and memory) and has health-promoting effects.

Due to its ability to penetrate the brain, it may increase levels of thiamine (to which it is metabolised). This influences greatly the modulation of neurotransmitters (as reported by studies, it increases the amount of dopamine receptors in the brain and is an important cofactor in acetylcholine synthesis) and neurons. Its nootropic effect is connected with the stimulation of metabolism in the central nervous system.

According to some sources, sulbutiamine may be effective also in individuals with different states of anxiety and depression. It has probably the ability to boost confidence and reduce inhibitions in persons with depressive disorders.

Sulbutiamine may be used successfully by athletes. As stated by scientists, it helps increase the body’s endurance, reduce time needed for recovery and boost energy required for physical activity. It may probably speed up blood flow and increase oxygenation levels.

Huperzine A

Information

Huperzine A - an alkaloid of plant origin having the ability to penetrate the blood-brain barrier, it is a negative catalyst for the degradation of acetylcholine, that improves nerve conduction and having a significant impact on the concentration, cognition and memory. It helps mitigate the effects of oxidative stress, and prevents the depressions, has neuroprotective actions improving well-being. In the sports supplementation it is recommended at pre-workout, pre-effort and during workouts in order to improve concentration, as an component of advanced creatine stack, no-boosters as well as herbal remedies that improve mood.


 

Caffeine

Information

Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before
sleep.


 

Yerba Mate

Information

Yerba Mate extract - from the leaves of yerba mate (ilex paraguariensis), a drink popular in South American countries. The extract contains caffeine (as metaine) and is a powerful antioxidant. Teas and extracts of Yerba Mate leaves are slimming by causing a feeling of satiety and fat absorption, increase immunity of DNA through the binding of free radicals, reduce LDL cholesterol levels.
In the sports supplementation, the ursolic acid contained in the yerba mate, may be important, as it is an aromatase inhibitor, capable of lowering estrogen levels of men, thereby affecting the aesthetics of the figure. Yerba mate extract is a component of fat burners. In combination with green tea, bitter orange and black pepper (piperine) it increases thermogenesis.
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption.

Theobromine

Information


Theobromine (3,7-Dimethylxanthine) is a purine alkaloid, poorly soluble in water, present in cocoa beans, as well as the leaves of yerba mate, tea, coffee, cola and peanuts. It is a diuretic, lowers blood pressure and improves brain function (dilates the blood vessels of the brain). Also expands the blood vessels throughout the circulatory system, preventing atherosclerotic changes. Sometimes it is used in slimming diet. Combined with caffeine and polyphenols becomes thermogenic. In the sports supplementation formulations containing theobromine are used diuretics and fat burners. It is a component of thermogenics, pre-workout creatine stacks, as well as nitrogen boosters.

Alpha-GPC

Information

Alpha GPC (L-Alpha Glucerylphosphorylcholine, alphaglycerylphosphorylcholine) occurs naturally in the brain and milk. It is a chemical compound (a derivative of choline and its provider in the body) providing a precursor for the synthesis of acetylcholine, which is a neurotransmitter. Probably it has an impact on the secretion of the growth hormone that allows the intensification of tissue regeneration and it is improving the general condition and forming of proper body building.
The medicine uses it in the neurological treatments (stress, depression). In the sports supplementation is rarely used. It is a part of the supplements supporting a night renewal process.


 

Choline Bitartrate

Information

Choline bitartrate a combination of one molecule of tartaric acid and choline, and in this embodiment is a precursor of acetylcholine (neurotransmitter). The human body is able to intracellular synthesis of choline, using the amino acid and vitamin B12. Because of the possibility of shortages of the above mentioned substances, it is necessary to supplement them with supplementation. Choline is a component of lecithin, which is the building substance of cells conditioning the proper functioning of the nervous system, and sphingomyelin, acting as an insulator of nerve tissue. Bitartrate affects the course of fat metabolism. In the sports supplementation of choline, bitartrate is used in the stimulating supplements,, affecting concentration and programs of weight control (fat reduction).
Dosage: 1-3 grams per day.


 

Sodium

Information

Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.


 

N-methyl tyramine

Information

N-methyl tyramine, also known as 4-hydroxy-N-methylphenethylamine, is a derivative of the amino acid tyrosine, occurring naturally in animal and plant foods, e.g. cheese, fish and chocolate. It may be vital in the process of fat burning and energy production. Because of that, it should interest many individuals doing sport.

According to some sources, adding N-methyl tyramine to a diet may stimulate the breakdown of fat which is important in sports supplementation. It affects probably lipolysis, which is the process of fat breakdown.

Studies show that this compound may increase cardiac output and that is why it boosts the transport of oxygen and nutrients. By releasing renin from the kidneys, it may have an indirect impact on the regulation of blood pressure. It probably promotes anabolic processes in skeletal muscles and therefore contributes to an increase in muscle mass.

Higenamine

Information

Higenamine affects the production of nitric acid. Nitric acid affects the release of the hormones and adrenaline. It is also certain that the product accelerates regeneration of the body and also increases the amount of blood flow, and thus the amount of nutrients delivered to the muscles is much greater.

Vinpocetine

Information

Vinpocetine - ethyl apovincaminate - it is an alkaloid derived from eburnamenine of plant origin (Vinca), improving blood supply to tissues (mainly nervous), improves insulin metabolism and increases the level of the basic intracellular energy carrier (adenosine triphosphate - ATP). A positive impact on the exercise capacity during workout and improves concentration. Enhanced activity was reported in interaction with caffeine, hesperidin, vinburmine and vincamine. In the supplementation it is a component of pre-workout supplements and creatine stacks, available in residual quantities at www.muscle-zone.pl, as a result of the provisions of WADA and the Polish regulations it is to be withdrawn from dietary supplements as an illegal substance.
Dosage: the lack of defined standards.
Customarily 5 - 15 mg / 24h

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