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Vita-Min Multiple Sport 40+ Vita-Min Multiple Sport 40+

Vita-Min Multiple Sport® 40+ by Olimp is a complex formula with minerals and vitamins required for normal functioning of the body. The addition of ashwagandha extract reduces a negative impact of stress on health and saw palmetto extract supports a healthy genitourinary system. The selection of ingredients ensures improvement in health of individuals over the age of 40. The supplements comprises two complexes: VITA-PLEX SPORT® 40+ and CHELA-MIN SPORT® 40+.

VITA-PLEX SPORT® 40+
It is a formula with B vitamins which are essential to maintaining good health and vitamin A, D, E, K and C. The capsule is enriched with saw palmetto and ashwagandha extract. This contributes to maintaining healthy function of the body and protects from negative effects of stress.

Vitamin A shows a beneficial impact on the functioning of vision. It protects the macula from degenerative processes and thus reduces the age-related visual impairment.

B vitamins support the methylation process in the body. It is required for proper activation and deactivation of enzymes. This results in improving the efficiency of numerous processes in the body and enhancing energy production. Vitamins from this group show a beneficial effect on the nervous system which contributes to improving cognitive functions. This action is due to, among other things, the reduction in levels of homocysteine. It is a sulphur-containing amino acid which damages the structure of blood vessels in an excessive concentration.

Vitamin D is a factor necessary for maintaining normal structure of bone tissue. It supports calcium and phosphorous metabolism in the body and thus helps build them into the bones and teeth.

Vitamin D is structurally similar to androgenic hormones. This helps maintain normal production of these hormones which decreases with age.

The action of this vitamin is enhanced by vitamin K which promotes normal bone mineralisation. This prevents the age-related degradation of bone tissue. It is also an important factor responsible for normal blood clotting. This protects from the formation of blood clots which are one of the factors in the development of cardiovascular diseases.

Vitamin C is a strong antioxidant. By neutralising free radicals, it mitigates their negative impact on cellular health. Antioxidant activity of this vitamin is enhanced by the addition of vitamin E which supports the structure of blood vessels.

Saw palmetto extract supports a healthy prostate. This results from the fact that it reduces testosterone conversion into dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT is a hormone whose excessive production contributes to developing prostatic hyperplasia. Maintaining healthy androgen levels helps improve male genitourinary function.

Ashwagandha extract is a plant raw material which supports the body in coping with negative effects of stress. Such action is due to compounds from the group of withanolides which have a neurotonic effect. They lower also excessive cortisol levels which have a negative effect on the whole endocrine system. The extract adds energy and ensures well-being.

CHELA-MIN SPORT® 40+
This supplement’s formula contains microelements vital to the functioning of the body, such as: magnesium, calcium, potassium, zinc, iron, manganese, copper, iodine, chromium and selenium.  They are in the form of Albion® amino acid chelates which are characterised by more efficient absorption and less side effects.

Magnesium – is one of the most important minerals in the body. Many factors (e.g. stress) contribute to its deficiency and that is why its adequate supplementation is important to maintain normal health. In the form of ion, it is involved in transmitting a nerve impulse within a neuron.

Since it is an effective blocker of calcium channels, it takes part in the mechanism of muscle contraction. It regulates the function of muscles, consequently protecting them from excessive contraction. Magnesium is a crucial mineral to energy production and affects thus efficient function of the whole body.

Calcium – is an essential mineral responsible for maintaining normal bone and tooth structure. It is a building block of these structures and ensures their normal endurance. Along with magnesium, it is involved in initiating the contraction of skeletal and smooth muscles.

Potassium – is an element whose deficiency is a common phenomenon in persons over the age of 40. Many factors (among other things stress) cause severe depletion of this mineral in the body which contributes to its dysfunction. Potassium cations are the primary intracellular ions. They help determine a normal membrane potential.

What is more, potassium is involved in transmitting information through the neuron and maintaining the body’s water-electrolyte homeostasis.

Zinc – is found in the body in trace amounts. However, it is an element essential to healthy immune function. Its deficiency leads to chronic inflammation which is a factor responsible for development of many serious diseases.

A proper zinc concentration is important to maintain normal testosterone production in the testicles. In men over the age of 40, the production of testosterone decreases which contributes to lower body efficiency and poor mood. Maintaining normal production of this hormone is responsible for the production of high-quality semen, high libido and well-being.

Zinc has also a significant for insulin function. This helps maintain normal blood glucose levels which facilitates effective energy production and protects from the development of diabetes.

Iron – is an essential component of haemoglobin which is the red blood pigment. It is responsible for oxygen transport and accumulation which contributes to more effective function of the body. Adequate oxygen supply to cells is necessary for energy production.

Manganese – is a cofactor required for function of many enzymes. It is responsible for normal synthesis of antioxidant enzymes (e.g. manganese superoxide dismutase). As a result, it supports the body in fighting free radicals which have a toxic effect on cells.

Copper – is an element responsible for iron metabolism in the body. It is involved in the formation of haemoglobin which improves oxygen exchange in the body. This contributes to better nourishment of tissues and thus more effective function.

It regulates many processes in the body which results from the fact that it is a cofactor of numerous enzymes.

Iodine – its main reservoir is thyroid. Normal levels of this element in the body are required for efficient function of this organ. It participates in the production of thyroid hormones: thyroxine and triiodothyronine which regulate the function of the whole body. It is especially important that they control metabolism and are responsible for thermoregulation.

Chromium – a mineral essential to life. Its main task is to regulate carbohydrate metabolism. It is a component of glucose tolerance factor (GTF) which is responsible for glucose transport from the blood to cells. Owing to that, it normalises blood glucose and insulin levels.

It has a beneficial effect on blood lipid levels and therefore protects from the development of cardiovascular diseases.

Selenium – is an important component of selenoproteins which show antioxidant activity. What is more, they stimulate the body into producing glutathione – a strong antioxidant enzyme. This helps the body fight efficiently and comprehensively free radicals which contribute to the development of many chronic diseases.

Adequate selenium intake affects also thyroid function. This arises from the fact that this mineral catalyses the conversion of thyroxine into triiodothyronine. This helps also foster the development of the body and regulates its thermogenesis.

Selenium promotes also spermatogenesis and thus ensures the production of high-quality semen and improves fertility. This is important for men over the age of 40 as many factors disrupt the process.

The supplement Vita-Min Multiple Sport 40+ by Olimp is a preparation with the most important vitamins and minerals which promote health and well-being by correcting deficiencies. The addition of plant extracts from ashwgandha and saw palmetto supports healthy function of the body and protects against excessive stress. Maintaining healthy levels of microelements and vitamins in the body is crucial to physically active individuals over the age of 40. This contributes to efficienct energy production and improvement in health.

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Vita-Min Multiple Sport 40+ Vita-Min Multiple Sport 40+ 60 caps.
OLIMP
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Vita-Min Multiple Sport 40+ 60 caps.

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- Delivery even day after tomorrow

- Foreign shippment from 5.70 $ Every 83.49 $ reduces shipping costs by 2.78 $

You have got questions about the product

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01709231594 (mon.-fri 900-1700)

Description
  • Helps fight dietary microelement deficiencies
  • Microelements as highly absorbable chelates
  • Essential supplement for active persons over the age of 40
  • Contains a full complex of the most important vitamins
  • Helps maintain good health
  • Supports the body’s antioxidant mechanisms
  • Protects the cardiovascular system against harmful factors
  • Helps maintain healthy homeostasis
  • Promotes normal bone mineralisation
  • Slows down macular degeneration in the eye
  • Reduces the impact of stress on health
  • Promotes energy production

Vita-Min Multiple Sport® 40+ by Olimp is a complex formula with minerals and vitamins required for normal functioning of the body. The addition of ashwagandha extract reduces a negative impact of stress on health and saw palmetto extract supports a healthy genitourinary system. The selection of ingredients ensures improvement in health of individuals over the age of 40. The supplements comprises two complexes: VITA-PLEX SPORT® 40+ and CHELA-MIN SPORT® 40+.

VITA-PLEX SPORT® 40+
It is a formula with B vitamins which are essential to maintaining good health and vitamin A, D, E, K and C. The capsule is enriched with saw palmetto and ashwagandha extract. This contributes to maintaining healthy function of the body and protects from negative effects of stress.

Vitamin A shows a beneficial impact on the functioning of vision. It protects the macula from degenerative processes and thus reduces the age-related visual impairment.

B vitamins support the methylation process in the body. It is required for proper activation and deactivation of enzymes. This results in improving the efficiency of numerous processes in the body and enhancing energy production. Vitamins from this group show a beneficial effect on the nervous system which contributes to improving cognitive functions. This action is due to, among other things, the reduction in levels of homocysteine. It is a sulphur-containing amino acid which damages the structure of blood vessels in an excessive concentration.

Vitamin D is a factor necessary for maintaining normal structure of bone tissue. It supports calcium and phosphorous metabolism in the body and thus helps build them into the bones and teeth.

Vitamin D is structurally similar to androgenic hormones. This helps maintain normal production of these hormones which decreases with age.

The action of this vitamin is enhanced by vitamin K which promotes normal bone mineralisation. This prevents the age-related degradation of bone tissue. It is also an important factor responsible for normal blood clotting. This protects from the formation of blood clots which are one of the factors in the development of cardiovascular diseases.

Vitamin C is a strong antioxidant. By neutralising free radicals, it mitigates their negative impact on cellular health. Antioxidant activity of this vitamin is enhanced by the addition of vitamin E which supports the structure of blood vessels.

Saw palmetto extract supports a healthy prostate. This results from the fact that it reduces testosterone conversion into dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT is a hormone whose excessive production contributes to developing prostatic hyperplasia. Maintaining healthy androgen levels helps improve male genitourinary function.

Ashwagandha extract is a plant raw material which supports the body in coping with negative effects of stress. Such action is due to compounds from the group of withanolides which have a neurotonic effect. They lower also excessive cortisol levels which have a negative effect on the whole endocrine system. The extract adds energy and ensures well-being.

CHELA-MIN SPORT® 40+
This supplement’s formula contains microelements vital to the functioning of the body, such as: magnesium, calcium, potassium, zinc, iron, manganese, copper, iodine, chromium and selenium.  They are in the form of Albion® amino acid chelates which are characterised by more efficient absorption and less side effects.

Magnesium – is one of the most important minerals in the body. Many factors (e.g. stress) contribute to its deficiency and that is why its adequate supplementation is important to maintain normal health. In the form of ion, it is involved in transmitting a nerve impulse within a neuron.

Since it is an effective blocker of calcium channels, it takes part in the mechanism of muscle contraction. It regulates the function of muscles, consequently protecting them from excessive contraction. Magnesium is a crucial mineral to energy production and affects thus efficient function of the whole body.

Calcium – is an essential mineral responsible for maintaining normal bone and tooth structure. It is a building block of these structures and ensures their normal endurance. Along with magnesium, it is involved in initiating the contraction of skeletal and smooth muscles.

Potassium – is an element whose deficiency is a common phenomenon in persons over the age of 40. Many factors (among other things stress) cause severe depletion of this mineral in the body which contributes to its dysfunction. Potassium cations are the primary intracellular ions. They help determine a normal membrane potential.

What is more, potassium is involved in transmitting information through the neuron and maintaining the body’s water-electrolyte homeostasis.

Zinc – is found in the body in trace amounts. However, it is an element essential to healthy immune function. Its deficiency leads to chronic inflammation which is a factor responsible for development of many serious diseases.

A proper zinc concentration is important to maintain normal testosterone production in the testicles. In men over the age of 40, the production of testosterone decreases which contributes to lower body efficiency and poor mood. Maintaining normal production of this hormone is responsible for the production of high-quality semen, high libido and well-being.

Zinc has also a significant for insulin function. This helps maintain normal blood glucose levels which facilitates effective energy production and protects from the development of diabetes.

Iron – is an essential component of haemoglobin which is the red blood pigment. It is responsible for oxygen transport and accumulation which contributes to more effective function of the body. Adequate oxygen supply to cells is necessary for energy production.

Manganese – is a cofactor required for function of many enzymes. It is responsible for normal synthesis of antioxidant enzymes (e.g. manganese superoxide dismutase). As a result, it supports the body in fighting free radicals which have a toxic effect on cells.

Copper – is an element responsible for iron metabolism in the body. It is involved in the formation of haemoglobin which improves oxygen exchange in the body. This contributes to better nourishment of tissues and thus more effective function.

It regulates many processes in the body which results from the fact that it is a cofactor of numerous enzymes.

Iodine – its main reservoir is thyroid. Normal levels of this element in the body are required for efficient function of this organ. It participates in the production of thyroid hormones: thyroxine and triiodothyronine which regulate the function of the whole body. It is especially important that they control metabolism and are responsible for thermoregulation.

Chromium – a mineral essential to life. Its main task is to regulate carbohydrate metabolism. It is a component of glucose tolerance factor (GTF) which is responsible for glucose transport from the blood to cells. Owing to that, it normalises blood glucose and insulin levels.

It has a beneficial effect on blood lipid levels and therefore protects from the development of cardiovascular diseases.

Selenium – is an important component of selenoproteins which show antioxidant activity. What is more, they stimulate the body into producing glutathione – a strong antioxidant enzyme. This helps the body fight efficiently and comprehensively free radicals which contribute to the development of many chronic diseases.

Adequate selenium intake affects also thyroid function. This arises from the fact that this mineral catalyses the conversion of thyroxine into triiodothyronine. This helps also foster the development of the body and regulates its thermogenesis.

Selenium promotes also spermatogenesis and thus ensures the production of high-quality semen and improves fertility. This is important for men over the age of 40 as many factors disrupt the process.

The supplement Vita-Min Multiple Sport 40+ by Olimp is a preparation with the most important vitamins and minerals which promote health and well-being by correcting deficiencies. The addition of plant extracts from ashwgandha and saw palmetto supports healthy function of the body and protects against excessive stress. Maintaining healthy levels of microelements and vitamins in the body is crucial to physically active individuals over the age of 40. This contributes to efficienct energy production and improvement in health.

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Composition

Composition

Container size: 60 capsulesServing size: 1 capsuleServings per container: 60
per portion (1 capsule)amount%DV
Vitamin A (retinyl acetate)1000 µg125%
Vitamin D (cholecalciferol)10 µg200%
Vitamin E (DL-alpha-tocopheryl acetate)24 mg200%
Vitamin K (menaquinone-7)75 µg100%
Vitamin C (PureWay-C®)290 mg362%
Vitamin B1 (thiamine mononitrate)19,4 mg1763%
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)19,6 mg1400%
Niacin (ncotinic acid amide)31 mg194%
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride)18,8 mg1343%
Folic acid (pteroylmonoglutamic acid)400 µg200%
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)23 µg920%
Biotin (D-biotin)100 µg200%
Panthotenic Acid (calcium d-pantothenate)12 mg200%
Saw Palemtto Extract (Serenoa repens J.K. Small)100 mg-
KSM-66 Ashwagandha Root Extract (Withania somnifera L. Dunal)50 mg-
(5% Withanolides)2,5 mg-
Magnesium (magnesium amino acid chelate) (magnesium oxide)190 mg51%
Calcium (calcium amino acid chelate) (calcium carbonate)100 mg12,5%
Potassium (potassium chloride)75 mg3,75%
Zinc (zinc amino acid chelate)15 mg150%
Iron (amino acid chelate of iron)3 mg21%
Manganese (manganese amino acid chelate)3 mg150%
Copper (copper amino acid chelate)0,5 mg50%
Iodine (potassium iodide)150 µg100%
Chromium (chromium (III) chloride)150 µg375%
Selenium (sodium selenate)75 µg136%

Other ingrednients

VITA-PLEX SPORT® 40+: Bulking agent - microcrystalline cellulose; anti-caking agent - magnesium salts of fatty acids, silicon dioxide; capsule (capsule components - gelatin, color: E 171). CHELA-MIN SPORT® 40+ Ingredients: Bulking agent - microcrystalline cellulose; anti-caking agent - magnesium salts of fatty acids; capsule ( capsule components - gelatin, colors: E 132, E 171).

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Vitamin A

Information

Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.


 

Vitamin D

Information

Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess
of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.


 

Vitamin E

Information

Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.


 

Vitamin K

Information

Vitamin K exists in the triad of vitamins: menaquinone (vitamin. K1), menadione (vitamin. K2) and menadione (vitamin. K3), soluble in fat. It is produced by bacteria in the human colon. Natural sources of vitamin. K are: eggs, kale, cauliflower, cabbage, meat, milk, lettuce, spinach, fish oil and liver. The synthetic form is administered to newborns, to reduce the sterility of the gastrointestinal tract. Used as a antihaemorrhagic, due to its participation in the process of prothrombin. Increases antibacterial and antifungal immunity. Prevents abundant bleeding during menstruation of women.
Vitamin K deficiency causes external bleeding and ecchymosis
on skin, decreased prothrombin synthesis in the liver (especially while taking antibiotics and sulfanilamide).


 

Menaquinone-7

Information

What is menaquinone-7?

Menaquinone-7 is a term used for long-chain form of vitamin K2, having seven isoprene residues in the side chain.  Contrary to another popular form MK-4, it is not synthesized in tissues, however, it may be produced in the intestines by means of the conversion from vitamin K1 by intestinal bacteria.

It exhibits especially positive influence on the health of the circulatory system, especially by lowering the risk of atherosclerosis and heart attacks. It owes this effect mainly to osteocalcin, activated by vitamin K2. This hormone is responsible among others for the transport of calcium to bones, which counteracts its storage in soft tissues, decreasing at the same time the probability of blood vessel calcification and the creation of atherosclerotic plaques. K2 MK-7 also contributes to protecting the nervous system, securing neurons from excitotoxicity induced by excessive activity of glutamate and reducing the consequences of excessively low level of glutathione.

Vitamin K2 in the form of menaquinone-7 is a very popular additive to supplements with vitamin D3, due to the synergy of effects and reducing potential negative effects of applying higher doses of cholecalciferol.

 

Menaquinone-7 may be found both in monopreparations and complex supplements in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Vitamin C

Information


Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) it is a vitamin soluble in body fluids, can be taken from foods (fruits and vegetables), or as drug derived synthetically. The largest of its resources can be found in broccoli, Brussels sprout, kale, black currant fruit and hawthorn, citrus fruits, tomatoes, Savoy cabbage, potatoes. In fact, intake of vitamin C of the food products does not limit the absorbed quantity. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, it is an antitoxic, increasing the immune system due to the elimination of risk of bacterial contamination. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of iron. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels.
Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, impaired
absorption of iron, scorbutus. With the lack of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette is destroying up to 100 mg of vitamin C.
Dosage: The demand is 60-80 mg daily. It does not limit the ability to consume higher doses. Some side effects may occur only with longer
taking of synthetic vitamin C.

PureWay-C

Information

PureWay-C, is a special patented formula containing ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and components stabilizing its operation, such as vegetable waxes and bioflavonids complex of citrus fruits (bitter orange and grapefruit). Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, is antitoxic (inhibits the development of free radicals and other reactive oxygen species), increasing the immune system (immune) due to the elimination of bacterial contamination risk. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of non-haem iron. It stimulates the production of collagen. It is used in treatment of injuries, accelerates wound healing. It participates in the synthesis of a number of hormones and neurotransmitters and l-carnitine. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels. Reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease (coronary artery disease). Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking of capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, strained absorbed iron, scorbutus. In the absence of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette destroys up to 100 mg of vitamin C. In the complex it is enhanced with bioflavonoids from citrus fruit (bitter orange and grapefruit) prolonging the time of its activity in the body and the increase of the antioxidant potential. Plant waxes protect against irritation of mucous membranes of the digestive tract. PureWay-C is available as mono-preparation supplement and as a component of multivitamin supplements,, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: in sports supplementation 250 - 1000 mg / 24h

Vitamin B1 (thiamine)

Information

Vitamin B1 (thiamin, vitamin B) improves mental alertness and strengthens the nervous system ensuring the proper functioning of the brain. It improves cardiac and muscular system. It is suportive in the treatment of shingles. Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Natural source of vitamin B1 are brown bread, yeast, eggs, raw vegetables, meat, milk, legumes, cheese.
Vitamin B1 deficiency hinders the processes of decomposition of sugars (catabolism), causes a loss of appetite and disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract, can cause polyneuritis and disease beriberi.
Dosage: Recommended daily intake is 1-2 mg.


 

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Information

Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is soluble in liquids, is involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Required for growth of the organism. Takes part in the production of erythrocytes (red blood cells). It is located in natural foods, such as yeast, meat (especially liver, kidney, heart), milk, fish and green leafy vegetables.
A deficiency of vitamin B2 inhibits the growth, diseases of the mouth, loss and greasy hair, seborrhea and stratification of nails. Increases skin roughness and
susceptibility to acne and oily skin.
Dosage: 1-2 mg per day.


 

Vitamin B3

Information

Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.


 

Nicotinic acid amide (Nicotinamide)

Information

Nicotinic acid amide – also known as nicotinamide, belongs to a group of compounds referred to as vitamin B3, along with nicotinic acid and inositol hexanicotinate. It exerts its main biological activity as a precursor to two key coenzymes for efficient energy metabolism of the body: nicotinamide adenine dinucletodide and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. They are responsible for carrying hydrogen and electrons in the respiratory chain and thus facilitate efficient energy production by the human body.

Nicotinamide supplementation is recommended for active persons not only because of its ability to promote the body’s energy efficiency. It has also a beneficial impact on mind, increases tolerance to stressors and may reduce symptoms of depression. It is pointed out that niacin supplementation correlates positively with sleep quality.

Unlike nicotinic acid, nicotinamide does not show the ability to produce a “flush effect”, namely redness in the face caused by taking large doses of niacin. It has been also shown to influence partly cardiovascular function.

Nicotinamide is also indicated to influence beneficially the absorption of other B vitamins and vitamin D. This compound should be taken with caution by diabetics because it can increase the body’s demand for insulin.

Vitamin B6

Information

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).


 

Pyridoxine hydrochloride

Information

What is pyridoxine hydrochloride?

Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a basic, the most commonly used form of vitamin B6 in supplements and fortified foods. It is a vitamin soluble in water. It converts to the active form of the vitamin - pyridoxal phosphate.

Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions. It takes part in the production of many neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin and catecholamines and it takes part in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. It is an important factor for the process of the creation of red cells and hemoglobin and its deficit may be one of the factors causing anemia. This vitamin contributes to maintaining proper energy metabolism and is important for maintaining well-being and good psychological condition. Its presence supports the breakdown of pro-inflammatory homocysteine to cysteine and further metabolites, thanks to which it may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiological incidents.

Pyridoxine hydrochloride may be found in many vitamin B complexes and vitamin-mineral preparations available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Folic acid

Information

Folic acid - also known as vitamin B9, is a synthetic form of naturally occurring folates. It needs to be transformed to folates in order to be biologically active also in the human organism. Therefore, its supplementation is recommended to people who do not have problems with methylation processes.

The majority of people associate folic acid with the period of pregnancy. It is definitely a justified association. Proper supply of vitamin B9 conditions correct development of the fetus and prevents disorders of neural tube defects in a baby.

Supplementation with folic acid also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system of adults. Some sources say that it is conducive to maintaining beneficial emotional states. Moreover, folic acid takes part in the process of erythropoiesis, thanks to which it enables efficient production of red cells.

Supplementation with folic acid should be also considered by men who deal with low sperm quality. It was proven that complementing the level of vitamin B9 is conducive to increasing reproductive abilities of men.

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

Information

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin) is a vitamin soluble in liquids. Participates in the production of red blood cells and is essential in the absorption of iron by the body. It calming effect, a positive effect on concentration and memory. Intensifies its action in cooperation with folic acid (vitamin M). Usually occurs in animal products, fish and dairy products. It contains trace elements.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia, general and immunity weakness, inhibiting of growth and damage to the myelin sheath of nerves.


 

Cyanocobalamin

Information

What is cyanocobalamin?

Cyanocobalamin is a basic, the most commonly met form of vitamin B12 in vitamin B complexes and multivitamins available on the market.

Vitamin B12 is the most known for its influence on neurology. It takes part in building and regenerating myelin sheaths of neurons, thanks to which it contributes to the protection of the nervous system against damages. Because of the ability to increase the level of S-Adenosyl methionine, vitamin B12 may contribute to more efficient synthesis of many neurotransmitters, thanks to which it positively influences well-being and psychical condition.

This vitamin is also engaged in the process of blood production and its deficiencies contribute to the creation of megaloblastic anemia. Its deficits may also concern vegetarians and vegans, elderly people, people with absorption disorders and those using drugs neutralizing gastric acid.

Cyanocobalamin is included in the composition of many complex vitamin supplements that may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Biotin

Information

Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.


Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day


 

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)

Information

Vitamin B5 (calcium pantothenate, pantothenic acid, pantotenol) is part of a complex of B vitamins affects the development of the central nervous system, is the building substance of cells. In the body synthesized by the intestinal bacteria. It occurs in animal products (meat, kidneys, liver) and plants (wheat germ, wheat bran, nuts, grains, green vegetables). Prevents fatigue and excessive stress, accelerates the healing of cuts and wounds, acts as a stimulant for the side effects of the use of antibiotics. Deficiency causes skin changes, and difficulty in blood clotting.


 

Calcium

Information

Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess result
ing from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications
are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)

Ashwagandha

Information

Ashwagandha (Wythania somnifera / Indian ginseng) - a plant of the nightshade family, used in Oriental medicine as a means of adding vitality, improves the psychophysical condition. It is used as an aphrodisiac. The root of the plant is a rich source of bioactive compounds (phytosterols, glycosides, withanolides etc.). The sports supplementation, herbal preparations, a positive effect on the nervous system (reduces stress, and accelerates the adaptation to changing conditions psychophysical), hematopoietic and immune systems. It has a decisive influence on the process of synthesis of nitrogen oxides and the level of certain hormones, including testosterone (e.g. improving sexual functions).
Ashwagandha (
Withania somnifera) is a component of the complex herbal supplements (as well as sets of adaptogens) increase the level of the male sex hormone (testosterone), supporting the sexual function of the body, supporting regeneration and having a calming effect.
Dosage: 300-600 mg of extract per day.

Withanolides

Information

Withanolides - biologically active compounds belonging to the group of steroid lactones, occurring in some green plants. In supplementation they are perceived mainly as active substances of Withania somnifera, commonly called Ashwagandha. The percentage content of withanolides in Ashwagandha extracts is considered the indicator of the product’s quality - the higher the content, the more effective the supplement. In non-standardized extracts, the content of withanolides is estimated for 1% of dry muscle mass of Withania somnifera leaves.

Being the main active substances of Ashwagandha, withanolides are responsible for the majority of effects of its application. Regular supplementation with Withania somnifera extracts demonstrates adaptogen effect. It increases the organism’s tolerance to stress factors, holistically promoting the functions of the organism. It may decrease cortisol level in case of its excessively high concentrations, promote cognitive abilities and facilitate concentration. Supplementation with Ashwagandha also supports maintaining proper daily rhythm and is conducive to falling in a deep sleep.

Some sources also indicate that supplementation with Withania somnifera extracts positively influences the level of testosterone in the organism. Current research results indicate, however, that this effects of supplementation may be achieved only in people with initially excessively low secretion of the male sex hormone.

 

Magnesium

Information

Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day

Magnesium amino acid chelate

Information

Magnesium amino acid chelate is a chelate complex formed by ligands (negative ion) or with partial coordinating binding with central ion in at least two positions of the molecule, dissolved in organic solvents (in this case amino acids, alternatively with weak acids). Used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine in treatment of severe poisoning by heavy metals. Connecting to the magnesium compounds by chelation, affects the bioavailability of fully utilizing the properties of the element, maintains acid-base balance (resistant to changes in pH), in the energy processes - supplies muscles in the ATP. Excreted with excessive perspiration, should be supplemented in the body. The sports supplementation of magnesium amino acid chelate is recommended for the biological regeneration after intensive training. It allows you to maintain bone structure and improve its functioning. Balances the level of chromosomes and nucleic acids. It takes part in protein synthesis and energy conversion of carbohydrates and fats (as an activator of enzymes). It is used in the form of mono-preparations, creatine stacks nitrogen, boosters, a component off following supplements: reducing nervous tension and sleeping disorders (ZMA), vitamins, vitamin-mineral and minerals.
Deficiency of magnesium in the body: arrhythmia, numbness, muscle spasms, reduced immunity to stress, sleep problems.
Dosage: 100-500 mg per day based on the ions.


 

Magnesium oxide

Information

Magnesium oxide – the most common form of this macroelement in supplementation that is essential to the human body. It belongs to a group of key intracellular cations and that is why its adequate levels are critical to maintaining the body’s homeostasis. An active lifestyle increases requirements for magnesium and that is why its supplementation is recommended strongly to athletes.

The most common symptoms associated with magnesium deficiencies are muscle cramps and eye twitches. This is connected with a significant impact of magnesium ions on the efficiency of the nervous system. Its adequate intake helps maintain neuromotor fitness. Deficiencies of this element are also said to aggravate symptoms of depression.

What is more, magnesium supplementation supports healthy cardiovascular function. It is suggested that its deficiencies promote the development of atherosclerotic lesions and hypertension. Too low dietary magnesium intake is associated with arrythmia and increased risk of heart attack.

Magnesium supplements are recommended to individuals doing hard mental work and learning. Its healthy levels enhance focus and may facilitate learning. It has a beneficial impact on sleep quality.

Calcium carbonate

Information

Calcium carbonate – a salt of carbonic acid and calcium, used in dietary supplements as one of the calcium forms, because of its high bioavailability. It is an alkaline salt, which is why it is used for neutralisation of the environment in the stomach.

Calcium is a macroelement necessary for the proper functioning of the body system. It is a building material of teeth and bones as well as it determines their mechanical strength. The proper supply of calcium prevents osteoporosis in elderly people and allows for the proper development of skeletal system in children. It is an activator of many enzymes, is involved in the inflammatory processes and regulates secretion of particular hormones. It is also essential for muscle contraction and determines blood coagulation. Moreover, calcium ions allow for transmission of nerve impulses by synapses, so that they regulate the proper neural transmission.

The demand for calcium increases with training intensity, which is why it is recommended for athletes to increase calcium supply. Calcium deficiency can be caused by high-protein diet.

Potassium

Information

Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.


 

Chloride

Information

Chlorine (chemical element from the group of halogens) - in the natural form of gas it is poisonous and water-soluble (until recently used as a disinfectant in the water supply system, now replaced by fluorination). It is chemically active element. It is used in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium (KCl). It participates in the process of digestion and maintains acid-base balance in the body, removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver (antitoxin). Natural source of chlorine for the body is salt and bladderwrack.
Chlorine deficiency can occur due to excessive sweating, vomiting, causing digestive tract problems. It also causes loss of hair and teeth.
Excess chlorine, for example. Drink excessive amounts of chlorinated water, destroys bacterial flora and vitamin E.
Dosage: Daily dose should not exceed 15 grams.


 

Zinc

Information


Zinc (chemical element from transition group 12) belongs to the trace elements, it helps maintain acid-base balance of the body, protein, energy, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It provides bone metabolism and transport of oxygen. It protects the body against free radicals. Necessary for the proper operation of the senses of taste and smell. Positive impact on the process of insulin metabolism in the pancreas. It supports visual adaptation to the dark, has a significant influence on brain function. It is helpful in the treatment of infertility and mental illness.
Zinc deficiency leads to decreased immunity, and growth retardation. Zinc deficiency can occur in case of excessive consumption of simple sugars. In the case of hormonal therapy of women with irregular menstruation, the therapy should be associated with increased consumption of zinc. It can be found in food like: beans, eggs, carrots, beef and pork meat, milk, nuts, citrus fruits, seafood, rice, cottage cheese, lettuce.
Dosage: Daily 12-15 mg zinc. Exceeding the daily dose of 20 mg cause symptoms of poisoning of the body.

 

Zinc amino acid chelate

Information


Zinc amino acid chelate - an organic compound formed by complexometry i.e. the coupling of a metal ion (zinc) and amino acid. As a result of zinc chelating, a substance, with greater opportunities to use by the body, is obtained, thanks to an increase of bioavailability of the body. Maintains acid-base balance (pH factor ensuring stability in the body). It is used in medicine to treat poisoning by heavy metals (antitoxin). Its neutrality with respect to compounds hindering the bioavailability of zinc (e.g. Phytates) reduces their performance and improves bioavailability of the metal. It is very important that zinc is involved in many metabolic and energy processes. Participates in the synthesis of proteins, the production of certain hormones (especially testosterone) and increases immunity. Supplements containing zinc amino acid chelate are recommended in sport because of the perfect synthesis of testosterone, especially for athletes practising sports that require endurance and strength training. It should be included in the diet of vegetarians and vegans.
Zinc amino acid chelate is available in the form of mono preparations (often fortified with ascorbic acid - vitamin C), vitamin and mineral supplements, also as a component of complexes such as ZMA, MZB.
Dosage: 10-30 mg per day.

Iron

Information

The iron part of the dye in the form of the heme (hemoglobin and myoglobin in meat), a non-haem (in plant), and enzymes responsible for transport and storage of oxygen in the body. It occurs in enzymes responsible for: the metabolism of fatty acids, prostaglandin biosynthesis, catabolism of tryptophan. The absorption of iron in plant is lower than in animal products. In plant foods, it is reduced by contained chemicals: phytates and oxalates, also calcium and high acidity (pH factor). Only 8% of the intake of iron is absorbed by the body and transported to the blood. For tts absorption is needed sufficient amount of: cobalt, manganese, copper and vitamin C. Iron itself is essential for the metabolism of B vitamins. Source of acquisition of iron are animal products (meat, organ meats, egg yolks) and plant products (whole grain bread, beans , cocoa, parsley, nuts, soy). Iron is also present in synthetic form as a component of vitamin-mineral and mineral and mono-preparation supplements, often enriched with vitamin C. Supplements containing iron compounds are recommended for athletes during intense training and those on a meatless diet (vegetarians and vegans).
Iron deficiency causes anaemia. Using a large amount of strong coffee or tea hinders the absorption of iron. Symptoms of iron deficiency are: insomnia, diarrhea, impaired body temperature, loss of papillae on the tongue, reduced exercise capacity, and reduced intellectual and psychological efficiency.
Excess iron reduces the absorption of other elements (e.g. zinc, copper), reduced immunity, causing tissue damage of some organs (kidney, liver, heart), increased risk of cancer.
Dosage: 3-12 mg per day.


 

Manganese

Information

Manganese, of which a natural source is chocolate, grain products with whole grain, nuts, legumes and dried cranberry, is a component of enzymes and their activator. It stimulates the properties and functionality of connective tissue and provides proper functioning of the brain. It affects the function of the pancreas, ensuring proper insulin metabolism and condition of the bone and joints. Magnesium deficiency contributes to serious disorders in synthesis of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin, reduction in insulin sensitivity of tissues, affects bone resorption. Manganese chelates are used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine for the treatment of severe poisoning (antitoxin) by heavy metals, in sports supplementation, manganese impact on the functioning of the locomotor system is used. It is a component of the so-called regenerators of joints and a vitamin-mineralizing and mineralizing supplements.


 

Copper

Information

Copper - trace mineral that facilitates the introduction of iron into hemoglobin, allowing the correct functioning of antioxidant processes. It is an important component of enzymes that affect the processes of aerobic metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and in the formation of collagen. With proper diet, do not use supplements containing copper, as an overdose can cause insomnia, hair loss. It occurs in foods such as legumes, offal, plums, seafood. Copper compounds must be used in a responsible way, because many of them have toxic properties.
Dosing: A sufficient amount of copper provides proper diet.


 

Iodine

Information

Iodine - more than two-thirds of iodine is stored in the thyroid gland and it is a component produced by it hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals and regulating the processes of growth, causing it usefulness in sports supplementation. It is also the ingredient of weight loss products. Regulates and controls body temperature. Natural source of acquisition of iodine are: bladderwrack, seafood, sea fish and onion and vegetables growing in soil containing this element and most of all iodized salt ..
Deficiency of iodine in the body cause hypothyroidism, and consequently overweight, mental slowing (cretinism inclusive). It
is the cause of a goitre. Iodine deficiency can be caused by rhodanates and polyphenols (e.g. contained in cabbage and cauliflower), hemagglutinin found in legumes.
Excess iodine can result in inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis (this
happens in a small percentage of cases).
Dosage: Treatment of iodine should be done under medical supervision. Daily demand for adults is 150 mcg. For pregnant women daily demand increases to 175 mcg.


 

Chromium

Information


Chromium (chemical element from transition group of the chromium, chemically active) is actively involved in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It comes in the easily assimilable organic form and inorganic. Along with insulin, as a component of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), is used in insulin-dependent diabetes treatment, insulin involved in the metabolism of glucose in t proteins transport. Activator of enzymes involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. Available in animal origin products (liver, veal, chicken, turkey meat, oysters) and plant-origin (bananas, broccoli, cereal, wheat germ, spinach). Supplements containing chromium are recommended for fat loss (also thermogenic), and improving the functioning of the body. The sports supplementation used chromium in the form of mono-preparations or in the form of vitamin-mineral minerals supplements.
Chromium deficiency results in impaired glucose, reducing the insulin sensitivity. It causes a decrease in immunity and endurance of the body. It may be a cause of coronary heart disease. Sometimes it causes neurological disorders.
Dosage: A varied diet prevents from the deficiency of chromium in the body.

Dosage: The recommended dose of 50-150 mg per day.

 

Selenium

Information

Selenium (element, chemical symbol Se, atomic no. 34, from chalcogenide, it is present in several allotropic forms). It is supplied the body with food in the form of seleno-amino acids (selenomethionine - gathering supplies, and selenocysteine – a component of glutathione peroxidase, deiodinase and seleno-proteins). Regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland. It affects the growth and development, including sexual development (by increasing production and sperm motility). It affects the flexibility of the tissue, removes some of the toxins from the body and destroys cancer cells and reduces the severity of menopause in women. Natural products containing selenium are seafood (sea fish, oysters, bladderwrack) and vegetable products (broccoli, onions, wheat germ, bran, tomatoes) and animal products (poultry, eggs). It is also included in the composition of vitamin-mineral and mineral supplements. Selenium supplementation is recommended as a dietary supplement of active people having diet poor in this element, and as a factor increasing the body's immunity.
Selenium deficiency increases the risk of developing cancer and heart disease. Symptoms of selenium deficiency are: cardiomyopathy, growth stoppage,
disorders of detoxification processes which may lead to damage to the kidneys and liver.
An excess of selenium can lead to selenosis (the disease, the symptoms are: loss of hair, nail cracks, lesions).
daily
demand of selenium for pregnant women 65 mcg; nursing mothers 75 mcg; men 7 mcg.

Sodium

Information

Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.


 

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