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Trec Boogieman is a complete and very advanced pre-workout formula which contains only safe ingredients with confirmed efficacy. The preparation comprises: beta-alanine, citrulline malate, alpha-ketoglutarate L-arginine, taurine, L-tyrosine, caffeine anhydrous, alpha lipoic acid (ALA), L-theanine, extracts from the root of Korean ginseng and Rhodiola Rosea, magnesium and vitamin B1, B3, B6 and B12.
Boogieman rejects the stereotype of harmful and maximum stimulation of the nervous system which is connected with formulations that are taken to stimulate the body before physical activity. The formula contains ingredients which help enhance focus on training and complete successfully its goals. Boogieman meets all standards of high-quality pre-workouts – it does not only have stimulant properties but also increases the body’s energy output. Even though it does not contain harmful and banned substances, the product fulfils its task, i.e. stimulates, maximises muscle pump and enhances focus.
Beta-alanine is an amino acid whose main effect is to increase carnosine levels in muscles. Carnosine prevents drops in pH caused by the build-up of hydrogen ions in muscle cells. This phenomenon is largely responsible for fatigue and muscle failure during high-intensity workouts. Beta-alanine improves the body’s ability to remove H+ ions and allows you to extend high-intensity interval training and thus obtain lasting results.
To maximise muscle pump, the formulation has been fortified with citrulline malate and l-arginine alpha-ketoglutarate. Both substances stimulate the synthesis of nitric oxide with vasorelaxant properties. This gives your muscles more blood, oxygen, and nutrients, and also speeds up the removal of substances that make it difficult for you to continue exercising at high intensity.
Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) takes part in the biosynthesis of acetyl-CoA – a key substance in energy production, involved also in cellular mechanisms responsible for metabolising glucose for energy purposes and increasing the uptake and utilisation of glucose by cells. ALA has a major role in normal functioning of the body, especially in physically active people, because its endogenous production does not meet the body’s needs.
It is reported in the literature that taurine participates in the transport of glucose and creatine to muscle cells and helps maintain the body’s water-electrolyte homeostasis, thereby preventing dehydration. It is worth mentioning that even small fluid deficits may impair considerably the body’s physical performance and exercise capacity. Even though the body synthesises taurine, these amounts are not sufficient to satisfy its requirements, especially in physically active individuals.
When it comes to their nutrition and supplementation, L-tyrosine is used as a psychostimulant, reducing fatigue and increasing physical performance. What is more, it promotes well-being and increases levels of dopamine, adrenaline and thyroxine which are essential to full energy mobilisation of the body.
Caffeine anhydrous is a classic ingredient of pre-workout supplements used to stimulate the body. This form of caffeine is characterised by easier absorption and thus higher potency. The mechanism of action of caffeine is to, among others, block adenosine receptors, reduce symptoms of fatigue and increase motivation and stimulation. What is more, taking caffeine before a workout has a beneficial effect on oxygen balance and increases exercise capacity.
L-Theanine is a psychoactive substance derived from green tea which has a soothing effect on the nervous system, promotes relaxation and improves cognitive functions. It has nootropic properties which help enhance your performance while calming you down and improving your mood. It is worth noting that L-theanine does not impair brain function and cause drowsiness.
Korean ginseng root extract is used for physical and mental fatigue. It has alsothe ability to reduce overstimulation caused by stimulants, improves physical performance, supports the immune system and helps maintain the body’s health. Ginsenosides found in the root improve the oxygenation of bodily tissues and thus promotes training performance. Owing to antioxidant properties, it inhibits the formation of free oxygen radicals.
According to studies, rosavins present in Rhodiola Rosea root extract have positive effects which lead to a reduction in fatigue and allow you to enhance your performance. Rhodiola Rosea belongs to adaptogens, namely substances which increases the body’s resistance to excessive stress.
Thiamine (B1) works with thyroxine and insulin, participates in carbohydrate metabolism and stimulates acetylcholine activity, which improves the functioning and regeneration of the nervous system. What is more, it is a component of many enzyme systems in tissues and stimulates the secretion of gonadotropins. When energy expenditure is higher, the body’s demand for this vitamin increases. Because of that, its adequate intake is important to very physically active individuals.
Niacin (B3, PP) promotes the metabolism of nutrients involved in the production and release of energy, takes part in the formation of erythrocytes and reduces negative effects of various chemical substances and drugs. It influences also beneficially the whole nervous system and mental health. Since it shows vasorelaxant properties, it is a perfect ingredient of supplements which improve muscle pump.
Vitamin B6 contributes, among others, to an increase in the body’s immunity and maintenance of normal metabolism of energy nutrients. It is also critical to the synthesis of heme and erythrocytes. In addition, it promotes well-being and mental health.
Vitamin B12 as the active coenzyme dibencozide helps regulate metabolism, takes part in gluconeogenesis, snd stimulates and speeds up processes of formation of new body proteins. Dibencozide is added frequently to supplements which promote metabolism and increase appetite and muscle anabolism.
In addition, vitamin B12 has a beneficial impact on the production and function of red blood cells which supply oxygen to all body cells. Better oxygenation of muscles improves their efficiency and helps enhance the body’s performance.
To sum up, Trec Boogieman is a revolutionary preparation which breaks once and for all the stereotype of pre-workouts that overstimulate the nervous system. The content of tested and extremely effective ingredients improves your fitness and helps you increase training intensity. The product is designed for physically active individuals, athletes who want to break down barriers and also those who struggle with a decrease in energy and motivation for training.
Take the product preferably on an empty stomach because its active ingredients will not compete for absorption with food in the digestive system.
Avoid combining it with other products that contain caffeine. Do not take it at bedtime.
Trec Nutrition is a company offering a wide choice of products for athletes. Products of this brand include carbohydrate-protein supplements, protein and energizers. The offer also includes amino acid supplements, creatine, HMB, fat burners, thermogenics, products supporting metabolism and speeding up the regeneration of joints.
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|per portion (20 g)||amount||%DV|
|Citrulline malate||5000 mg|
|Arginine alpha-ketoglutarate(AAKG)||3000 mg|
|Caffeine anhydrous||300 mg|
|Alpha-Lipoic Acid||200 mg|
|Exctract Ginseng (root)(Panax ginseng) (10% Ginsenosides)||150 mg|
|- including Ginsenosides||15 mg|
|Magnesium (magnesium salts of citric acid, magnesium carbonate, magnesium oxide)||125 mg||33%|
|Extract Rose root (Rhodiola rosea) (3% Rosavins)||100 mg|
|- including Rosavins||3 mg|
|Niacin (nicotinamide)||50 mg||313%|
|Thiamine (thiamine hydrochloride)||40 mg||3636%|
|Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride )||10 mg||714%|
|Vitamin B12 (5’ deoksyadenozylokobalamina)||100 μg||4000%|
Anti-caking agent - silicon dioxide; fragrances; maltodextrins, thickeners - cellulose gum, xanthan gum, sweeteners - sucralose, sodium cyclamate, sodium saccharin.
Beta-alanine (β-alanine) is a β-amino acid (the same group to which the I-alanine belongs, but with different chemistries). In combination with histidine, it forms β-alanyl-L-histidine (carnosine) - a antioxidant, chelating and buffering compound. Carnosine reduces the level of hydrogen ions in the cell and allows to extend the physical performance and endurance, it affects biological recovery after exercise. Beta-alanine is available in the form of single component and advanced amino-acid supplements, creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
Citrulline Malate is formed by combining molecules of the citrulline amino acid and molecules of malic acid in one molecule, which has the chemical stability and is well soluble in liquids. Ionized malic acid has the ergogenic potential, providing a complementation to the citrulline potential of with new properties. It improves the exercise capacity and reduces the feeling of fatigue, and its supplementation is beneficial at any level of fitness. It affects the acid-base balance. It should be used by people who practice sports: strength, endurance and mixed strength-endurance. To achieve the best results, a dose of Citrulline Malate 6 g / 24h is recommended.
It is available as single-ingredient supplements and multi-component supplements (creatine stacks, no-boosters, amino acid supplements). It is used in the periodic, cyclic and constant supplementation.
Dosage: 3-8 g daily (in divided doses). The optimal dose to achieve beneficial results, proven experimentally, is 6 g / 24h.
What is L-Citrulline?
L-Citrulline is an α-amino acid, ornithine derivative. It was isolated for the first time from watermelon and this is how it gained its name, as citrullus in Latin means watermelon. Citrulline takes part in oxygen processes of energy production during effort, thanks to which it is especially attractive for sportsmen of endurance disciplines. It also takes part in urea cycle, also known as the Ornithine cycle, thanks to which it helps to get rid of excessive amounts of ammonia from the organism.
It converts to l-arginine in kidneys and scientific studies suggest that is increases its level even more effectively than in case of sole arginine. Moreover, the increase of arginine level resulting from citrulline supply is longer and more stable. Thanks to this, it contributes to the increase of nitric oxide and widening of blood vessel lumen. This property makes citrulline useful in preventing cardiological incidents. The positive influence on the circulatory system is also used in case of erection disorders, as increased nitric oxide may initiate more effective blood flow to sex organs.
L-Citrulline is contained in the composition of many pre-workout supplements and NO-boosters directed at the improvement of sports abilities of the organism, which may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Arginine alpha-ketoglutarate (AAKG) is a salt glutaric acid and arginine. The presence of these compounds results in intensification of the operation of each of them. Arginine alpha-ketoglutarate improves the bioavailability by stimulating the decomposition to CO2 and H2O, which means that it becomes a precursor in the synthesis of nitric oxide. It has anti-catabolic properties enhancing anabolism. Enhances the functioning of the insulin hormone, insulin-mimetics IGF-1) and somatotropin growth hormone.
AAKG is part of the pre-workout supplements (improving muscle blood flow and increasing the exercise capacity (strength and endurance)), as well as improves the recovery process after training. Most often used to increase the synthesis of nitric oxide (supplements pre- and post-workout), increasing muscle blood flow and regeneration. Particularly valued by the representatives of power sports, power and strength sports and strength athletics. Used very often in the rehabilitation of sports injuries.
Arginine is an exogenous amino acid, it is a component of dietary proteins, not always synthesized in the human body in necessary quantity, so it is necessary to deliver it in the form of synthetics. It takes part in the biosynthesis agmatine, creatine and nitrogen oxides. The use of supplements containing arginine before workout increases the exercise capacity (strength, endurance). Used after considerable effort intensifies the transfer of energy and building compounds and intensifies the process of recovery. Used at bedtime in combination with lysine and ornithine enhances the synthesis of growth hormone. takes part in the intrasystemic synthesis of creatine. Arginine (as a precursor of ornithine) is involved in the urea cycle, increases the flow of blood in the circulatory system, increases sexual potency (in a short time after application). It affects the body's immunity preventing infections, and lowers blood pressure. In supplements – usually as alpha-ketoglutarate.
Taurine – non-protein amino acid containing sulphur, which is synthesized in the body from methionine and cysteine, present in sufficient amount in human or animal body (in the brain, heart and skeletal), although in some cases must be supplemented. Significantly affects the calcium content in the cells and stabilizes the water and electrolyte balance and maintains acid-base balance. Takes part in the synthesis of bile acids. In the body acts as a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator. It is an insulin-mimetic improving insulin metabolism, responsible for transport of nutrients (such as amino acids, glucose, creatine) to the cells and muscle tissue. These properties determine that it is a valued mono-preparation supplement and valuable addition to creatine and amino acid supplements, recommended for psycho-pchysically active people and athletes and other competitive sportsmen in pre- and post-workout periods.
Dosage: 3 grams per day.
Tyrosine - endogenous amino acid (synthesized within the body), one of the 22 protein amino acids building. It occurs naturally in animal food products (eggs, dairy, meat). If the deficiency, it can be synthesized by hydroxylation of phenylalanine, capable of being converted to tyrosine in the liver. It is a precursor of neurotransmitters: dopamine (the group of catecholamines, participating in the processes occurring in the nervous system, causing muscle coordination and participates in the synthesis of many hormones) and noradrenaline (counteracting stress, stimulating the heart and circulatory system, and increasing glycogenolysis and lipolysis participating in the processes of energy transformations). Tyrosine is a precursor of thyroid hormones responsible for the rate of change in metabolic processes and pigment (melanin). In the supplementation, preparations containing tyrosine are used in programs reducing body fat (weight loss), improve mood and are stimulants.
Dosage: Customarily 500-2000 mg per day.
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before sleep.
ALA (alpha-lipoic acid) is a vitamin-like substance, a metabolite of catecholamines with strong antioxidant properties, it enhances anti-free-radicals action of some vitamins (A and E). ALA is synthesized at low levels by the body. It is a component of such products as broccoli, yeast, chicken liver, spinach. In the medicine it is used in the prevention of diabetic neuropathy (tissues shows a sensitivity to the insulin hormone, and it stimulates blood sugar levels). It has a positive effect on the functioning of the circulatory system and heart by the anti-arteriosclerosis action. It improves transport of creatine. It affects the storage of glycogen in muscle and liver.
Antioxidant properties of ALA are used in sports supplementation, along with the assimilation of nutrients. ALA is found in the form of mono-formula and is a compound of multicomponent products as: amino acids, creatine nitrogen boosters, as well as insulin-like (insulin-mimetic substances).
L-theanine is an amino acid, not building proteins, occurring naturally in the dried green tea leaves, absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, overcomes easily blood-brain barrier, affecting the nervous system and the relation between neurotransmitters (e.g.dDopamine, serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid), with a relaxing effect and increases the psycho-physical capacity, (concentration, memory, alertness). Recommended for use for people burdened with considerable physical effort, athletes of sport disciplines that require concentration and memory, also for students in the period before exams. Available in the form of mono-preparations and multi-component relaxing and post-workout anti-stress supplements..
Dosage: customarily used in supplementation 50-200mg per day
Ginseng (Panax ginseng) standardized extract 27-30% of ginsenosides. The raw material is the ginseng root, from which is prepared the extract of substances called ginsenosides, containing 27-30% of this component. Ginseng root has been used for years in Oriental medicine. It shows the great biological activity: It increases mental and physical performance, increases vitality, is an antioxidant, strengthens the immune system, slows the ageing process.
In the sports supplementation extracts of ginseng support the exercise capacity (primarily oxygen metabolism of the body) and ensure fast renewal of muscular and nervous systems. Also enhances sexual ability. By standardizing, there is a higher concentration of the components, improving effectiveness, which raises the price of the product, but also guarantees its composition. Preparations of ginseng available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Ginsenosides (triterpene saponins) are biologically active ingredient in ginseng root, its leaves and generative organs. Improve the oxygenation of the tissues of the body, affecting the increase in exercise capacity during the psychophysical effort. An antibacterial and antiviral strengthening immunity. By antioxidant action, limit the development of free radicals and membrane protein brain. Improve sexual ability. Used in sports supplementation at different levels of training. Improve concentration and ability to memorize. Available in mono-preparation supplement and herbal blends, herbal-mineralizing and herbal vitaminizing blends.
Dosage: 10-50 mg per day.
Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day
Citric acid (citric acid, E330) is a ingredient of almost every plant and animal cells, widely used in the food industry as an acidity regulator, emulsifier and stabilizer in order to prevent oxidation and preventing discolouration of the product. In the life processes it takes an active part in the Krebs cycle, a negative phosphofructokinase catalyst, enzyme accelerating the rate of glycolysis. In the sports supplementation used in conjunction with creatine. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
What is magnesium carbonate?
Magnesium carbonate is an inorganic magnesium salt of carbonic acid. It demonstrates the properties neutralizing gastric acid.
Magnesium is one of the most deficient elements of a classic diet, therefore supplements with magnesium are incredibly popular. Deficiencies of this mineral mainly may result in hypertension, lower sensitivity to insulin and psychological symptoms, such as increased stress, irritability, fatigue and weariness.
This element also takes part in regulating water balance in the organism and nerve transmission. It influences muscle work, which may be observed in characteristic cramps related to magnesium deficiency. It is also known for its anti-stress and sedative properties, thanks to which it is willingly used before sleep and in the situations characterized with high psychological burden. It is also important for mineral density of bones, as right next to calcium, it is one of the most important elements for maintaining strong and healthy bones.
Magnesium oxide – the most common form of this macroelement in supplementation that is essential to the human body. It belongs to a group of key intracellular cations and that is why its adequate levels are critical to maintaining the body’s homeostasis. An active lifestyle increases requirements for magnesium and that is why its supplementation is recommended strongly to athletes.
The most common symptoms associated with magnesium deficiencies are muscle cramps and eye twitches. This is connected with a significant impact of magnesium ions on the efficiency of the nervous system. Its adequate intake helps maintain neuromotor fitness. Deficiencies of this element are also said to aggravate symptoms of depression.
What is more, magnesium supplementation supports healthy cardiovascular function. It is suggested that its deficiencies promote the development of atherosclerotic lesions and hypertension. Too low dietary magnesium intake is associated with arrythmia and increased risk of heart attack.
Magnesium supplements are recommended to individuals doing hard mental work and learning. Its healthy levels enhance focus and may facilitate learning. It has a beneficial impact on sleep quality.
Rose root - (Rhodiola rosea) - due to the use in Oriental medicine, the root is also known as Golden Root. The use of preparation improves psychophysical capacity, reduces fatigue, improves mood, relieves stress and depression. It includes a variety of biologically active ingredients, such as flavonoids, polyphenols, tannins and proanthocyanidins. In the sports supplementation extracts from the golden root are used in the period of intensive training in order to improve the resistance to overload, in cases of stress overload, for improving the well-being and accelerate post-workout recovery time. The root of Rhodiola rosea is available as mono-preparation supplements and it is a component of supplements of versatile action. In clinical trials, in the treatment of moderate depression, a dose of 380-680mg / 24h was administered, without side effects.
Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.
Nicotinic acid amide – also known as nicotinamide, belongs to a group of compounds referred to as vitamin B3, along with nicotinic acid and inositol hexanicotinate. It exerts its main biological activity as a precursor to two key coenzymes for efficient energy metabolism of the body: nicotinamide adenine dinucletodide and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. They are responsible for carrying hydrogen and electrons in the respiratory chain and thus facilitate efficient energy production by the human body.
Nicotinamide supplementation is recommended for active persons not only because of its ability to promote the body’s energy efficiency. It has also a beneficial impact on mind, increases tolerance to stressors and may reduce symptoms of depression. It is pointed out that niacin supplementation correlates positively with sleep quality.
Unlike nicotinic acid, nicotinamide does not show the ability to produce a “flush effect”, namely redness in the face caused by taking large doses of niacin. It has been also shown to influence partly cardiovascular function.
Nicotinamide is also indicated to influence beneficially the absorption of other B vitamins and vitamin D. This compound should be taken with caution by diabetics because it can increase the body’s demand for insulin.
Vitamin B1 (thiamin, vitamin B) improves mental alertness and strengthens the nervous system ensuring the proper functioning of the brain. It improves cardiac and muscular system. It is suportive in the treatment of shingles. Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Natural source of vitamin B1 are brown bread, yeast, eggs, raw vegetables, meat, milk, legumes, cheese.
Vitamin B1 deficiency hinders the processes of decomposition of sugars (catabolism), causes a loss of appetite and disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract, can cause polyneuritis and disease beriberi.
Dosage: Recommended daily intake is 1-2 mg.
Thiamine hydrochloride - a highly bioavailable form of thiamine, also called vitamin B1. Due to an important role that it plays in carbohydrate metabolism, its increased supply is recommended to people with excessively high concentration of sugar in blood. It facilitates their processing in the organism and supports the activities that aim at restoring optimal glycemia. An important role in the metabolism of nutrients is also played by an integral component of carboxylase coenzyme - thiamine pyrophosphate.
Some source suggest the effectiveness of thiamine in relation to the health of the cardiovascular system, apart from decreasing glucose level in blood, it is also reflected in optimization of blood pressure. Although this aspect of effectiveness of vitamin B1 requires further research, it is another argument demonstrating special needs of taking care of proper thiamine supply by people from the risk group of the circulatory system diseases.
Among people who are especially prone to vitamin B1 deficiencies there are also people fighting with excess weight and frequently drinking alcohol.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).
What is pyridoxine hydrochloride?
Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a basic, the most commonly used form of vitamin B6 in supplements and fortified foods. It is a vitamin soluble in water. It converts to the active form of the vitamin - pyridoxal phosphate.
Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions. It takes part in the production of many neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin and catecholamines and it takes part in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. It is an important factor for the process of the creation of red cells and hemoglobin and its deficit may be one of the factors causing anemia. This vitamin contributes to maintaining proper energy metabolism and is important for maintaining well-being and good psychological condition. Its presence supports the breakdown of pro-inflammatory homocysteine to cysteine and further metabolites, thanks to which it may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiological incidents.
Pyridoxine hydrochloride may be found in many vitamin B complexes and vitamin-mineral preparations available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin) is a vitamin soluble in liquids. Participates in the production of red blood cells and is essential in the absorption of iron by the body. It calming effect, a positive effect on concentration and memory. Intensifies its action in cooperation with folic acid (vitamin M). Usually occurs in animal products, fish and dairy products. It contains trace elements.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia, general and immunity weakness, inhibiting of growth and damage to the myelin sheath of nerves.
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