This is a simple and extremely useful tool (a shipping cost progressive bar) that allows you to control the distance that separates from the next shipping discount threshold.
This is a simple and extremely useful tool (a shipping cost progressive bar) that allows you to control the distance that separates from free delivery.
Confirm or change your preferred country of delivery, language or currency. If you do this when logged in, your preferences will be remembered on your MZAccount. You can change them at any time by clicking the arrow at the top of the page.
Your location affects the final order price. It may vary depending on the amount of VAT rate applicable at your current location.
default stock for current location
Olimp Vita-min plus® Mama is a dietary supplement created especially for women who are planning pregnancy, pregnant or breastfeeding. It contains a number of necessary minerals (in a highly absorbable form of Albion® amino acids chelates) and vitamins, together with cranberry extract, that supports urinary tract. This supplement is recommended by Polish Gynaecological Society and it has received a positive opinion of the Institute of Mother and Child.
The need for nutrients in pericontional period
The demand for nutrients, including vitamins and minerals, increases during pregnancy and lactation. What is more, the increased concentration of progesterone during pregnancy reduces bioavailability of many nutrients. The developing foetus takes all the nutrients from mother’s body, and after birth - from mother's milk. That is why their optimal supply is extremely important for mother's health and for the child’s development.
The right nutrition is also very important for women planning pregnancy as the nutritional deficiencies and lack of balance between individual components may lower the chance of getting pregnant. While a balanced diet may be sufficient for the body's needs in "normal conditions", it can be more difficult in the period of pregnancy planning.
Vitamin A is essential for correct vision and proper functioning of the immune system, it also supports iron metabolism. It protects against embryo resorption and supports the process of fertilization. Its appropriate quantities are necessary for the development of the foetus’ skeletal system.
Vitamin D is essential for correct calcium and phosphate management. It protects against the loss of calcium from bones, which in pregnant and breastfeeding women are particularly vulnerable. Deficiency of vitamin D may result in impaired foetal development.
Vitamin E, similar to the vitamins described above it also has antioxidant properties and it protects cell structures against free radical damage, strengthens blood vessels and improves woman's fertility.
B vitamins are essential for the correct development and functioning of the nervous system, and for optimising energy metabolism. Moreover, vitamin B1 is needed for the proper metabolism of glucose, vitamin B2 determines body's resistance, niacin affects reduction of tiredness and takes part in the synthesis of certain hormones.
Vitamin B6 is necessary for nutrients and homocysteine metabolism. Its deficiency during pregnancy increases the risk of foetus malformation, including cleft lip. Folic acid should be supplemented during the whole period of pregnancy planning. Is necessary, for both, the process of foetal organogenesis, and for the functioning of hematopoietic system. Folic acid deficiency increases the risk of neural tube defects and premature birth, and can lead to megaloblastic anaemia.
Vitamin B12 is essential for hematopoietic system. It occurs only in animal products, so it is particularly recommended for women who are vegetarian or vegan. Biotin has a beneficial effect on skin, hair and nails, and supports the functioning of thyroid gland. Pantothenic acid takes part in synthesis of important neurotransmitters and steroid hormones, strengthens immunity and protects against premature graying of hair.
Vitamin C presents antioxidant properties, increases the absorption of non-heme iron and calcium, also, it participates in collagen and steroid hormones synthesis. Increased demand for this vitamin is observed especially in case of gestational diabetes and hypertension.
Macro and microelements
Calcium and magnesium are necessary for building bones and teeth, they regulate neuromuscular conduction and affect the activity of enzymes involved in metabolic processes. During pregnancy demand for calcium increases, its deficiency causes the risk of premature birth and may cause rickets in the foetus.
Iron is necessary for red blood cells production - a deficiency of this element is very often noticed in pregnant women, and results in anaemia. Iron deficiency anaemia causes fatigue and increases risk of premature birth. In case of breast-feeding women it increases the risk of developing anaemia in a child. Zinc participates in building body's immunity and it is necessary for the correct functioning of reproductive system.
Manganese is a micronutrient with antioxidant properties, it helps to regulate menstrual cycle and is part of the bone structure. Copper is essential for iron metabolism, it participates in the formation of connective tissue structures, including collagen and - like manganese - it has antioxidant properties and is a part of the superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme.
Iodine is needed for thyroid hormones synthesis. Due to increased activity of deiodinases, and also the demand of the unborn child , pregnant woman's need for this micronutrient increases. Iodine deficiency during pregnancy favours development of thyroid goiter, increases risk of mental retardation of the child and its nervous system damage, also the risk of hearing disorders. Iodine demand is also high during breastfeeding.
Cranberries for urinary tract health
During pregnancy urinary problems may develop for many reasons. That includes hormonal changes and the need for more frequent visits in the toilet due to uterus pressure on the bladder. The range of drugs that can be used during pregnancy is very limited, so it is worth reaching for natural and safe methods to combat mild urinary problems.
Large cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) has a proven impact on reducing bladder infection symptoms. It acts antibacterial against E.coli bacteria by acidifying the urine and reducing the adhesion of these bacteria to the urinary tract.
Summing up, Olimp Vita-min plus® Mama is a complex supplement that meets the increased demand for nutrients in women planning pregnancy, pregnant and breastfeeding.
This product is recommended for women planning pregnancy, pregnant and breastfeeding. It should be remembered that the supplement is only an additive so it is very important to follow an appropriate and balanced diet, and regularly visit a gynaecologist.
During pregnancy it is extremely important to meet the demand for vitamins, minerals, and macronutrients, especially protein, which is necessary for optimal foetal and placental tissue synthesis and the metabolism of the unborn child.
Particularly important component of this supplement is folic acid. In order to prevent the development of neural tube defects folic acid supplementation should start at least 6 weeks before the conception.
Olimp is a Polish company offering dietary supplements and supplements for athletes that are made of carefully selected and safe for health ingredients. Among the products of this brand are protein supplements, amino acid supplements, pre-workout supplements and creatine. The company also allows the purchase of supplements inducing a strong muscle pump by raising significantly the level of nitric oxide in the blood and supplements restoring acid-alkine balance. Also noteworthy are supplements helping to reduce body fat, regulating metabolism and improving of the hair, skin and nails.
200 characters left for the review to be rated.
|per 1 capsule||amount||%DV|
|Vitamin A (beta carotene)||180 µg||22.5%|
|Vitamin D (cholecalciferol)||5 µg||100%|
|Vitamin E (dl-α-tocopheryl acetate)||12 mg||100%|
|Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid)||80 mg||100%|
|Vitamin B1 (thiamine mononitrate)||1.1 mg||100%|
|Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)||1.4 mg||100%|
|Niacin (nicotinic acid amide)||16 mg||100%|
|Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride)||1.4 mg||100%|
|Folic acid (pteroylmonoglutamic acid)||400 µg||200%|
|Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)||2.5 µg||100%|
|Biotin (D-biotin)||50 µg||100%|
|Pantothenic acid (D-calcium pantothenate)||6 mg||100%|
|Calcium (ALBION® chelate TRAACS®)||100 mg||12.5%|
|Magnesium (ALBION® chelate TRAACS®)||50 mg||13%|
|Iron (ALBION® chelate TRAACS® (Ferrochel®))||14 mg||100%|
|Zinc (ALBION® chelate TRAACS®)||10 mg||80%|
|Manganese (ALBION® chelate TRAACS®)||1 mg||50%|
|Copper (ALBION® chelate TRAACS®)||1 mg||100%|
|Iodine (potassium iodide)||200 µg||133%|
|Large cranberry fruit extract (Vaccinium macrocarpon) including 10% proanthocyanidines||10 mg||*|
Magnesium oxide, magnesium stearate - anti-caking agents, microcrystalline cellulose - filling substance, capsule (gelatin - capsule ingredient, color: E171) .
Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.
Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.
Cholecalciferol, or vitamin D3, is an organic chemical that belongs to the family of D vitamins. It is naturally found in fatty fish, fish oil, egg yolks, milk and dairy products. It is also synthesized in the human body. It is formed from 7-dehydrocholesterol present in the keratinocytes of the spinous and the basal layers of the epidermis, and a pre-requisite for initiating this process is the action of 290-315 nm wavelength UVB radiation on the skin.
Cholecalciferol is a biologically inactive compound. In the body, it undergoes enzymatic hydroxylation – first in the liver, with the participation of 25-hydroxylase, when calcidiol is formed and secondly in the kidneys, where under the influence of 1-α-hydroxylase, calcidiol is converted into the final active form – calcitriol.
The most important role of vitamin D3 in the body is the regulation of calcium-phosphate metabolism, which directly affects normal skeletal mineralization. In addition, it is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation, insulin secretion, as well as in some functions of the nervous, endocrine and immune systems.
Cholecalciferol is the most popular form of vitamin D used in dietary supplements. Studies show that supplementation with vitamin D in this form most effectively and rapidly raises the level of 25 (OH) D3 – a metabolite that is a marker of the level of vitamin D in the body.
Dosage: according to RDI standards for individual age groups.
Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) it is a vitamin soluble in body fluids, can be taken from foods (fruits and vegetables), or as drug derived synthetically. The largest of its resources can be found in broccoli, Brussels sprout, kale, black currant fruit and hawthorn, citrus fruits, tomatoes, Savoy cabbage, potatoes. In fact, intake of vitamin C of the food products does not limit the absorbed quantity. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, it is an antitoxic, increasing the immune system due to the elimination of risk of bacterial contamination. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of iron. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels.
Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, impaired absorption of iron, scorbutus. With the lack of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette is destroying up to 100 mg of vitamin C.
Dosage: The demand is 60-80 mg daily. It does not limit the ability to consume higher doses. Some side effects may occur only with longer taking of synthetic vitamin C.
Ascorbic acid – vitamin C. Its biologically active form is the L-isomer, which negatively rotates the polarised light, so that it is a dextroisomer (laevorotatory vitamin C does not exist). It is a strong antioxidant; it reduces the amounts of free radicals, which reduces oxidative stress, a factor leading to cell apoptosis, which is why it is indicated to be a cause for premature ageing.
It supports the immune system functions and increases body system immunity. It is an essential element of the collagen synthesis path, which is why it positively affects the condition of connective tissue. Hence, it promotes also wound healing and increases the durability of capillary vessel. It is involved in transformations of tyrosine and carnitine as well as of some nutrients, so that it affects metabolism. It can also have an impact on the nervous system functions, as it reduces mental fatigue.
Higher supply of vitamin C is especially recommended in the periods of more intensive body system burden, after infections and in order to accelerate regeneration. The indications for increased supply of the vitamin are also hard physical work or intensive trainings.
Vitamin B1 (thiamin, vitamin B) improves mental alertness and strengthens the nervous system ensuring the proper functioning of the brain. It improves cardiac and muscular system. It is suportive in the treatment of shingles. Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Natural source of vitamin B1 are brown bread, yeast, eggs, raw vegetables, meat, milk, legumes, cheese.
Vitamin B1 deficiency hinders the processes of decomposition of sugars (catabolism), causes a loss of appetite and disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract, can cause polyneuritis and disease beriberi.
Dosage: Recommended daily intake is 1-2 mg.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is soluble in liquids, is involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Required for growth of the organism. Takes part in the production of erythrocytes (red blood cells). It is located in natural foods, such as yeast, meat (especially liver, kidney, heart), milk, fish and green leafy vegetables.
A deficiency of vitamin B2 inhibits the growth, diseases of the mouth, loss and greasy hair, seborrhea and stratification of nails. Increases skin roughness and susceptibility to acne and oily skin.
Dosage: 1-2 mg per day.
Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.
Nicotinic acid amide – also known as nicotinamide, belongs to a group of compounds referred to as vitamin B3, along with nicotinic acid and inositol hexanicotinate. It exerts its main biological activity as a precursor to two key coenzymes for efficient energy metabolism of the body: nicotinamide adenine dinucletodide and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. They are responsible for carrying hydrogen and electrons in the respiratory chain and thus facilitate efficient energy production by the human body.
Nicotinamide supplementation is recommended for active persons not only because of its ability to promote the body’s energy efficiency. It has also a beneficial impact on mind, increases tolerance to stressors and may reduce symptoms of depression. It is pointed out that niacin supplementation correlates positively with sleep quality.
Unlike nicotinic acid, nicotinamide does not show the ability to produce a “flush effect”, namely redness in the face caused by taking large doses of niacin. It has been also shown to influence partly cardiovascular function.
Nicotinamide is also indicated to influence beneficially the absorption of other B vitamins and vitamin D. This compound should be taken with caution by diabetics because it can increase the body’s demand for insulin.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).
What is pyridoxine hydrochloride?
Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a basic, the most commonly used form of vitamin B6 in supplements and fortified foods. It is a vitamin soluble in water. It converts to the active form of the vitamin - pyridoxal phosphate.
Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions. It takes part in the production of many neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin and catecholamines and it takes part in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. It is an important factor for the process of the creation of red cells and hemoglobin and its deficit may be one of the factors causing anemia. This vitamin contributes to maintaining proper energy metabolism and is important for maintaining well-being and good psychological condition. Its presence supports the breakdown of pro-inflammatory homocysteine to cysteine and further metabolites, thanks to which it may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiological incidents.
Pyridoxine hydrochloride may be found in many vitamin B complexes and vitamin-mineral preparations available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Folic acid - also known as vitamin B9, is a synthetic form of naturally occurring folates. It needs to be transformed to folates in order to be biologically active also in the human organism. Therefore, its supplementation is recommended to people who do not have problems with methylation processes.
The majority of people associate folic acid with the period of pregnancy. It is definitely a justified association. Proper supply of vitamin B9 conditions correct development of the fetus and prevents disorders of neural tube defects in a baby.
Supplementation with folic acid also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system of adults. Some sources say that it is conducive to maintaining beneficial emotional states. Moreover, folic acid takes part in the process of erythropoiesis, thanks to which it enables efficient production of red cells.
Supplementation with folic acid should be also considered by men who deal with low sperm quality. It was proven that complementing the level of vitamin B9 is conducive to increasing reproductive abilities of men.
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin) is a vitamin soluble in liquids. Participates in the production of red blood cells and is essential in the absorption of iron by the body. It calming effect, a positive effect on concentration and memory. Intensifies its action in cooperation with folic acid (vitamin M). Usually occurs in animal products, fish and dairy products. It contains trace elements.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia, general and immunity weakness, inhibiting of growth and damage to the myelin sheath of nerves.
What is cyanocobalamin?
Cyanocobalamin is a basic, the most commonly met form of vitamin B12 in vitamin B complexes and multivitamins available on the market.
Vitamin B12 is the most known for its influence on neurology. It takes part in building and regenerating myelin sheaths of neurons, thanks to which it contributes to the protection of the nervous system against damages. Because of the ability to increase the level of S-Adenosyl methionine, vitamin B12 may contribute to more efficient synthesis of many neurotransmitters, thanks to which it positively influences well-being and psychical condition.
This vitamin is also engaged in the process of blood production and its deficiencies contribute to the creation of megaloblastic anemia. Its deficits may also concern vegetarians and vegans, elderly people, people with absorption disorders and those using drugs neutralizing gastric acid.
Cyanocobalamin is included in the composition of many complex vitamin supplements that may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.
Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day
Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess resulting from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)
TRAACS® stands for "The Real Amino Acid Chelate System". It is a branded trade name coined by Albion® Human Nutrition – a leading producer of chelated minerals. The company uses the ultra-modern – protected by numerous patents – method that enables combining mineral components with ligands, to create organic, highly bioavailable and easily absorbable mineral chelates.
TRAACS® amino acid mineral chelates have a ring structure and are characterized by an extremely low molecular weight. The mineral is trapped between two molecules of amino acids and attached to them by means of covalent bonds. This ensures the minerals high chemical stability and resistance to the acidic and alkaline environment of the gastrointestinal tract. They can easily reach the small intestine, where they are absorbed.
The success of the minerals marked with the TRAACS® trademark has been built thanks to a renowned producer, hundreds of scientific studies, thousands of laboratory tests and over 70 patents in the field of minerals. They are compliant with the definition of the National Nutrition Foods Association (NNFA) and have been granted the registration number of the American Chemical Society. They are undoubtedly one of the safest and best-absorbed minerals that can be found in oral dietary supplements.
Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day
The iron part of the dye in the form of the heme (hemoglobin and myoglobin in meat), a non-haem (in plant), and enzymes responsible for transport and storage of oxygen in the body. It occurs in enzymes responsible for: the metabolism of fatty acids, prostaglandin biosynthesis, catabolism of tryptophan. The absorption of iron in plant is lower than in animal products. In plant foods, it is reduced by contained chemicals: phytates and oxalates, also calcium and high acidity (pH factor). Only 8% of the intake of iron is absorbed by the body and transported to the blood. For tts absorption is needed sufficient amount of: cobalt, manganese, copper and vitamin C. Iron itself is essential for the metabolism of B vitamins. Source of acquisition of iron are animal products (meat, organ meats, egg yolks) and plant products (whole grain bread, beans , cocoa, parsley, nuts, soy). Iron is also present in synthetic form as a component of vitamin-mineral and mineral and mono-preparation supplements, often enriched with vitamin C. Supplements containing iron compounds are recommended for athletes during intense training and those on a meatless diet (vegetarians and vegans).
Iron deficiency causes anaemia. Using a large amount of strong coffee or tea hinders the absorption of iron. Symptoms of iron deficiency are: insomnia, diarrhea, impaired body temperature, loss of papillae on the tongue, reduced exercise capacity, and reduced intellectual and psychological efficiency.
Excess iron reduces the absorption of other elements (e.g. zinc, copper), reduced immunity, causing tissue damage of some organs (kidney, liver, heart), increased risk of cancer.
Dosage: 3-12 mg per day.
Zinc (chemical element from transition group 12) belongs to the trace elements, it helps maintain acid-base balance of the body, protein, energy, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It provides bone metabolism and transport of oxygen. It protects the body against free radicals. Necessary for the proper operation of the senses of taste and smell. Positive impact on the process of insulin metabolism in the pancreas. It supports visual adaptation to the dark, has a significant influence on brain function. It is helpful in the treatment of infertility and mental illness.
Zinc deficiency leads to decreased immunity, and growth retardation. Zinc deficiency can occur in case of excessive consumption of simple sugars. In the case of hormonal therapy of women with irregular menstruation, the therapy should be associated with increased consumption of zinc. It can be found in food like: beans, eggs, carrots, beef and pork meat, milk, nuts, citrus fruits, seafood, rice, cottage cheese, lettuce.
Dosage: Daily 12-15 mg zinc. Exceeding the daily dose of 20 mg cause symptoms of poisoning of the body.
Manganese, of which a natural source is chocolate, grain products with whole grain, nuts, legumes and dried cranberry, is a component of enzymes and their activator. It stimulates the properties and functionality of connective tissue and provides proper functioning of the brain. It affects the function of the pancreas, ensuring proper insulin metabolism and condition of the bone and joints. Magnesium deficiency contributes to serious disorders in synthesis of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin, reduction in insulin sensitivity of tissues, affects bone resorption. Manganese chelates are used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine for the treatment of severe poisoning (antitoxin) by heavy metals, in sports supplementation, manganese impact on the functioning of the locomotor system is used. It is a component of the so-called regenerators of joints and a vitamin-mineralizing and mineralizing supplements.
Copper - trace mineral that facilitates the introduction of iron into hemoglobin, allowing the correct functioning of antioxidant processes. It is an important component of enzymes that affect the processes of aerobic metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and in the formation of collagen. With proper diet, do not use supplements containing copper, as an overdose can cause insomnia, hair loss. It occurs in foods such as legumes, offal, plums, seafood. Copper compounds must be used in a responsible way, because many of them have toxic properties.
Dosing: A sufficient amount of copper provides proper diet.
Iodine - more than two-thirds of iodine is stored in the thyroid gland and it is a component produced by it hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals and regulating the processes of growth, causing it usefulness in sports supplementation. It is also the ingredient of weight loss products. Regulates and controls body temperature. Natural source of acquisition of iodine are: bladderwrack, seafood, sea fish and onion and vegetables growing in soil containing this element and most of all iodized salt ..
Deficiency of iodine in the body cause hypothyroidism, and consequently overweight, mental slowing (cretinism inclusive). It is the cause of a goitre. Iodine deficiency can be caused by rhodanates and polyphenols (e.g. contained in cabbage and cauliflower), hemagglutinin found in legumes.
Excess iodine can result in inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis (this happens in a small percentage of cases).
Dosage: Treatment of iodine should be done under medical supervision. Daily demand for adults is 150 mcg. For pregnant women daily demand increases to 175 mcg.
Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.
Cranberry (Oxycoccus) - has fruits which are the source of many vitamins (including C, E, B1, B2) and active substances (e.g. flavonides, citric and quinic acid, proanthocyanidins). The use of preparations containing cranberry prevents urinary tract infections, causing acidification of urine and hinders bacterial growth on the walls of the bladder (i.e. Adhesion). Positive effect on the circulatory system - improves circulation and regulates the level of cholesterol (especially LDL - bad), reduces the risk of heart attack. It is a powerful antioxidant that supports the removal of toxins. Use of the preparations with cranberries improves metabolism. Because of its qualities also used (in the form of jam or fruit) as an additive to meat (especially poultry). Preparations, preserves containing cranberries provide comfort of urinary and circulatory tract
Fasting workouts are quite common nowadays. These types of workouts are said to improve weight loss effort effects. Many trainers also recommend running workouts...
Iodine is certainly associated with the sea, and not without reason. It is there, in the coastal regions, where we can find the most of it. Iodine is a...
Acerola is a wonderful plant, which originates from the Canary Islands. It is worth learning more about its properties, as it has a very wide application effect....
Asking a group of people about the most pleasant part of the morning, certainly the answer will be… coffee. And no wonder, because the caffeine contained in...
In this article, we will discuss five substances most often compared to caffeine. We hope that thanks to this our readers will get full knowledge about the...
Coffee is a widely used drink, due to the stimulation of the nervous system and an aroma that is extremely attractive for some people. Many people can not imagine...