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Source Naturals EnerVital™ is an advanced formulation that supports the production of energy in the organism. Its composition is based on natural and safe for health compounds, among which there are vitamins, minerals, valuable plant extracts and unique nutrients.
This supplement is recommended for people who complain on a drop in form and suffer from energy deficits. It will be great in case of fatigue, exhaustion, both physical and mental. The compounds contained in it act on the cellular level, improve energy metabolism and increase the organism’s efficiency in ATP production. This converts into a quick increase in the level of vital forces and improvement of the psychophysical condition.
A set of vitamins and minerals provides six key vitamins from group B and chromium. It is worth noting that they are not only in high, therapeutic doses, but also in forms with very high bioavailability. Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and B12 have a significant effect on metabolism. Their presence is necessary for the proper transformation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. As a result, the food supplied to the organism can be converted into the energy essential for life.
Group B vitamins have a powerful effect on the nervous system. Their availability conditions memory and mental performance. Deficiencies of these compounds lead to changes in the central nervous system, which often manifests as apathy, discouragement, lack of vitality, impaired concentration and insomnia.
Beside group B vitamins, the aforementioned set also contains chromium in a patented, safe and bioavailable form ChromeMate®. It plays an important role in the carbohydrates metabolism and is a key stabilizer in energy management of the organism. It supports insulin activity and increases the cell’s sensitivity towards it, which contributes to the proper use of glucose and helps to normalize its level in the blood.
Plant extracts are a natural source of many unique, not encountered elsewhere phytochemicals. They help to maintain the organism in an optimal condition and support the improvement of well-being. In the described supplement one can find, among others extracts from valuable plants classified into the group of adaptogens. They help the organism to adapt to changes and reduce the damage caused by the environmental factors.
The Rhodiola rose extract contained in the composition is excellent in the context of reducing the mental and physical fatigue. It is an outstanding regulator of the HPA axis, and thus it allows to maintain the organism’s proper reactions in stressful situations and guarantees a quick return to homeostasis after the stressors are no longer active. Its effects are complemented by extracts from two types of ginseng (Asian and Siberian). They are known for their energizing properties. They increase energy levels, relieve fatigue and promote endurance strengthening. They also have a positive effect on mental health - they aid in focusing attention and strengthen cognitive functions. Chinese citric extract works in a similar way. It has strong nootropic and anti-depressant properties. By stimulating dopamine synthesis, it increases productivity and raises the level of motivation.
Naturally, this supplement must have caffeine, the most famous stimulant substance in the world. It provides a powerful boost of energy, but also facilitates concentration and has a beneficial influence on psychophysical fitness. Its source is green tea leaf extract, which additionally provides strong antioxidants in the form of polyphenols.
Complementary components increase the value of the supplement and elevate it above popular multivitamin complexes. This group includes several extremely unique nutrients that are strongly involved in energy metabolism at the cellular level.
This set includes: coenzyme Q10, responsible for the proper course of cellular respiration and mitochondrial functions. Because of it the organism is able to generate energy in the form of a universal carrier, ATP. Alpha-lipoic acid, is another participant in energy production processes. It has a role of a cofactor for enzyme complexes involved in the production of ATP, and is responsible for glucose metabolism. An important component of ATP is D-ribose. It has also been added to the supplement, so that the ATP used during intense exercise can be quickly regenerated. The renewal of ATP stocks promotes the reduction of fatigue and increases the physical performance of the body.
The energy processes happening in the mitochondria are also supported by the acetylated form of L-carnitine, the so-called ALCAR. This compound is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, and is also responsible for the transport of fatty acids inside the mitochondria. It also has a strong nootropic effect. NALT, a highly bioavailable, acetylated form of the L-tyrosine amino acid, also improves psychophysical fitness. It has the function of a precursor for the synthesis of important neurotransmitters, therefore it stimulates the functions of the central nervous system, strengthens well-being and increases mental efficiency.
The optimization of nervous system functioning is also supported by taurine. It regulates the activity of the HPA axis and affects the GABA receptors. Additionally, it is involved in the glucose management and increases the transport of glucose into the cells. Its effects are felt both on the physical level (improvement of strength and endurance) and mental (strengthening mood and cognitive functions). Thanks to the addition of vinpocetine, cerebral circulation and supplementation of the brain tissue with the necessary nutrient are improved. Thus, both the ability to produce ATP in the brain as well as the performance of neurons increases.
To sum up, Source Naturals EnerVital™ is a novel composition allowing for the improvement of energy production process in the organism and increase the level of vital forces. This supplement is ideal at times of huge physical or mental strain.
This supplement is based on natural ingredients, it is safe even with long-term supplementation. According to the manufacturer's recommendation, the lowest suggested dose is 1 tablet which is also a starting dose. Alternatively, the dose can be increased, but do not exceed 3 tablets a day.
The supplement has a stimulating effect that is why it is most beneficial to take it in the morning, alternatively at the moment of performance drop. Avoid using before bedtime due to possible troubles with sleeping.
Source Naturals is an American vitamin and herbal supplement provider, created in year 1982. The company specialize in producing nutritional formulations for the maintenance of well-being and the enhancement of life – they introduced numerous award-winning formulas, recognized for their excellence in independent surveys and nutritional analyses.
The company also provides education that empowers individuals to take responsibility for their health.
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|per portion (2 tablets)||amount||%DV|
|Total Carbohydrates||1 g||< 1%|
|Dietary Fiber||1 g||4%|
|Thiamin (vitamin B-1)||25 mg||2,083%|
|Riboflavin (vitamin B-2)||25 mg||1,923%|
|Niacinamide 80 mg & Niacin 20 mg||100 mg||625%|
|Vitamin B-6 (as pyridoxine HCl and pyridoxal-5’-phosphate)||50 mg||2,941%|
|Vitamin B-12 (as methylcobalamin)||500 mcg||20,833%|
|Pantothenic Acid (as calcium D-pantothenate )||75 mg||1,500%|
|Chromium (as chromium polynicotinate [ChromeMate®])||120 mcg||343%|
|Acetyl-L-Carnitine (as HCl)||700 mg||*|
|Rhodiola Root Extract||640 mg||*|
|Green Tea Leaf Extract Yielding 120 mg Caffeine||240 mg||*|
|Asian Ginseng Root Extract||200 mg||*|
|Alpha-Lipoic Acid||150 mg||*|
|Eleuthero Root Extract||120 mg||*|
|Coenzyme Q10||100 mg||*|
|Schisandra Fruit||100 mg||*|
Microcrystalline cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, stearic acid, silica, dibasic calcium phosphate, modified cellulose gum, and magnesium stearate.
Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.
Carbohydrates are an essential nutrient. They are divided into: simple sugars (monosaccharides), disaccharides and polysaccharides. In terms of the human bioavailability of carbohydrates is divided into: digestabe, those which are digested in the gastrointestinal tract by transferring energy to the tissues or cells (such as starch, fructose) and indigestable, resistant to digestive enzymes (e.g. cellulose) . Affects blood glucose levels (glycemic index) and the metabolism of insulin (insulin index). The greatest demand for carbohydrates occurs before physical activity or in the middle of it, because they increase the exercise capacity, consumed after exercise provide regeneration. In the sports diet the absorption rate it is important of carbohydrates and reactions of the organism. Available in mono-preparation supplements and part of the energetic supplements, creatine stacks, nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: according to the statistics of the Institute of Food and Nutrition, carbohydrates should comprise about 50% of daily energy intake. In some diets, used residual carbohydrate consumption, not exceeding 30g / 24h.
Dietary fibre is a mixture of undigested substances and not absorbed by the human body. Due to the properties divided into: insoluble fibre (e.g. cellulose [polysaccharide] found in fruits and vegetables), partially soluble fibre (including hemicellulose occurring with cereal grains and soluble fibre (including pectin, gums, mucilages [polysaccharides]). Dietary fibre affects the digestive system and gastrointestinal system regulating its operation. By filling the stomach (satiety) reduces appetite, lowers triglycerides and cholesterol and consequently can support the weight loss process and maintain a slim body. It also affects blood glucose levels and cleansing the body of toxins. Available in powder formulations (capsules, and powders), mainly containing the soluble fraction (pectin, gums and mucilages) diet and meal replacements.
Dosage: 10-20 grams per day, before or during meals with some water.
Vitamin B1 (thiamin, vitamin B) improves mental alertness and strengthens the nervous system ensuring the proper functioning of the brain. It improves cardiac and muscular system. It is suportive in the treatment of shingles. Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Natural source of vitamin B1 are brown bread, yeast, eggs, raw vegetables, meat, milk, legumes, cheese.
Vitamin B1 deficiency hinders the processes of decomposition of sugars (catabolism), causes a loss of appetite and disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract, can cause polyneuritis and disease beriberi.
Dosage: Recommended daily intake is 1-2 mg.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is soluble in liquids, is involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Required for growth of the organism. Takes part in the production of erythrocytes (red blood cells). It is located in natural foods, such as yeast, meat (especially liver, kidney, heart), milk, fish and green leafy vegetables.
A deficiency of vitamin B2 inhibits the growth, diseases of the mouth, loss and greasy hair, seborrhea and stratification of nails. Increases skin roughness and susceptibility to acne and oily skin.
Dosage: 1-2 mg per day.
Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).
Pyridoxal 5-phosphate (P-5-P) - the form of vitamin B6, called coenzymatic, considered the best assimilable form of this vitamin by the human organism. This is related to direct metabolic activity of pyridoxal-5-phosphate in the human organism. It does not have to be subjected to biochemical transformations in the organism in order to be able to enter metabolic pathways as a biologically active ingredient.
Vitamin B6 is an incredibly important factor regulating the work of many processes in the organism due to its role in the organism as a coenzyme, essential for the activation of many important enzymes. Thanks to this, it regulates metabolism at many levels and its proper supply is conducive to maintaining homeostasis of the organism.
Another aspect of effectiveness of vitamin B6 is its influence on the normalization of emotional states. It is conducive to relaxation, facilitates falling asleep and falling in a deep, the most valuable sleep. Special influence on P5P on the psyche is proven in women before menstruation, as it demonstrates considerable ability to reduce the symptoms of the pre-menstrual syndrome.
Supplementation with vitamin B6 also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system. It is conducive to the nourishment of neuronal tissues and optimizes the secretion of neurotransmitters, thanks to which it promotes nervous transmission and demonstrates neuroprotective properties. It was proven that vitamin B6 may decrease the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease.
Some sources also suggest the ability of pyridoxal 5-phosphate to reduce the risk of cancer. This effectiveness is noted especially in relation to breast cancer.
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin) is a vitamin soluble in liquids. Participates in the production of red blood cells and is essential in the absorption of iron by the body. It calming effect, a positive effect on concentration and memory. Intensifies its action in cooperation with folic acid (vitamin M). Usually occurs in animal products, fish and dairy products. It contains trace elements.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia, general and immunity weakness, inhibiting of growth and damage to the myelin sheath of nerves.
What is methylcobalamin?
Methylcobalamin is a biologically active form of vitamin B12. It is one of the two forms of this vitamin that may be used as cofactors in various reactions. It differs from popular cyanocobalamin in the presence of methyl group instead of cyanide, thanks to which it releases the organism from the need of neutralizing this harmful factor.
The methyl group from methylcobalamin may be transferred to homocysteine, thanks to which it comes back in the form of methionine in order to be further converted to SAMe, which is the main donor of methyl groups in our organism. These methyl groups may be then used in the processes of creatine production, in neurotransmitter metabolism and as DNA methylation, thanks to which we achieve proper energy level, better well-being and generally better condition of the organism. B12 is a coenzyme for three enzymes: isomerase, methyltransferase and dehalogenase.
Apart from the influence on the nervous system, the supply of vitamin B12 is also very important for the proper synthesis of red cells as well as hemoglobin and anemia prevention.
Methylcobalamin in mono-supplements and complex vitamin preparations may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Vitamin B5 (calcium pantothenate, pantothenic acid, pantotenol) is part of a complex of B vitamins affects the development of the central nervous system, is the building substance of cells. In the body synthesized by the intestinal bacteria. It occurs in animal products (meat, kidneys, liver) and plants (wheat germ, wheat bran, nuts, grains, green vegetables). Prevents fatigue and excessive stress, accelerates the healing of cuts and wounds, acts as a stimulant for the side effects of the use of antibiotics. Deficiency causes skin changes, and difficulty in blood clotting.
Calcium panthonenate – a salt of pantothenic acid and calcium used to raise the intake of this first substance, belonging to a group of compounds called vitamin B5. It is active in many biochemical processes in the human body as an extremely important factor for maintaining homeostasis.
Adequate intake of pantothenic acid helps maintain healthy metabolism of nutrients and obtain easily energy from them. Deficiencies of this compound may be manifested by chronic fatigue and lack of strength, especially in physically active persons.
What is more, pantothenic acid is present in the synthesis pathway of many vital hormones. Because of that, its sufficient supply is critical to hormonal balance. Testosterone is one of the hormones that are affected by pantothenic acid intake. Because of that, its deficiencies may have a negative effect on sexual function.
Pantothenic acid is also indicated to have a cardioprotective effect. It helps maintain normal cardiac function and reduces the risk of atherosclerosis by optimising the lipid profile.
Chromium (chemical element from transition group of the chromium, chemically active) is actively involved in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It comes in the easily assimilable organic form and inorganic. Along with insulin, as a component of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), is used in insulin-dependent diabetes treatment, insulin involved in the metabolism of glucose in t proteins transport. Activator of enzymes involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. Available in animal origin products (liver, veal, chicken, turkey meat, oysters) and plant-origin (bananas, broccoli, cereal, wheat germ, spinach). Supplements containing chromium are recommended for fat loss (also thermogenic), and improving the functioning of the body. The sports supplementation used chromium in the form of mono-preparations or in the form of vitamin-mineral minerals supplements.
Chromium deficiency results in impaired glucose, reducing the insulin sensitivity. It causes a decrease in immunity and endurance of the body. It may be a cause of coronary heart disease. Sometimes it causes neurological disorders.
Dosage: A varied diet prevents from the deficiency of chromium in the body.
Dosage: The recommended dose of 50-150 mg per day.
Chromium polynicotinate, is an organic chemical compound made from the combination of trivalent chromium with vitamin PP (niacin, vitamin B3) included in the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), synthesized in the liver and increasing functional properties of insulin. Polynicotinate chromium has stabilizing effect on blood pressure. It has thermogenic potential, allowing for decreased appetite (especially for sweets), reduces the risk of developing diabetes, keeps the body in good physical condition. In the dietary supplementation, polynicotinate chromium is used in programs to reduce body fat and improve body composition, it is in the form of mono-preparation supplement and is a component of weight loss preparations (thermogenic), and vitamin and mineralizing supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: 50 - 150ug / 24
Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC ALCAR) is an acetylated form of active vitamin-carnitine. It shows the metabolic effects, antioxidant and neuroprotective. The high potential neuroprotective antioxidant and is used in the treatment of neurological conditions of deep stress and depression. It affects insulin sensitivity of tissues and intensifies a long chain fatty acids action in the production and expenditure of energy, thereby increasing the metabolic effects, which improve the aesthetics and body composition. ALC used in medicine for the prophylaxis and treatment of male infertility. ALC supplementation is recommended for people who are physically active and mentally burdened with deep stress and relieve depression. Reduces fatigue and its perceptibility. Supports the processes of fat reduction.
Dosage: usually used in supplementation - 500-1000 mg / day in 1-3 doses before exercising.
Rose root - (Rhodiola rosea) - due to the use in Oriental medicine, the root is also known as Golden Root. The use of preparation improves psychophysical capacity, reduces fatigue, improves mood, relieves stress and depression. It includes a variety of biologically active ingredients, such as flavonoids, polyphenols, tannins and proanthocyanidins. In the sports supplementation extracts from the golden root are used in the period of intensive training in order to improve the resistance to overload, in cases of stress overload, for improving the well-being and accelerate post-workout recovery time. The root of Rhodiola rosea is available as mono-preparation supplements and it is a component of supplements of versatile action. In clinical trials, in the treatment of moderate depression, a dose of 380-680mg / 24h was administered, without side effects.
Green tea extract is a concentrate that contains biologically active compounds: polyphenols (e.g. catechin, in the form of EGCG - epigallocatechin gallate), having antioxidant properties and a small thermogenic potential, modifies the action of testosterone metabolites, DTH. Green tea extract is an ingredient of many sports supplements containing fat burners, having pro-health and vitaminizing effect; also for those with low physical activity as an antioxidant and slimming supplement. Available either as mono-preparations, ready drinks, and above all as an extract.
Dosage: 200-500 mg per day (depending of the content of other active bio-components).
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before sleep.
ALA (alpha-lipoic acid) is a vitamin-like substance, a metabolite of catecholamines with strong antioxidant properties, it enhances anti-free-radicals action of some vitamins (A and E). ALA is synthesized at low levels by the body. It is a component of such products as broccoli, yeast, chicken liver, spinach. In the medicine it is used in the prevention of diabetic neuropathy (tissues shows a sensitivity to the insulin hormone, and it stimulates blood sugar levels). It has a positive effect on the functioning of the circulatory system and heart by the anti-arteriosclerosis action. It improves transport of creatine. It affects the storage of glycogen in muscle and liver.
Antioxidant properties of ALA are used in sports supplementation, along with the assimilation of nutrients. ALA is found in the form of mono-formula and is a compound of multicomponent products as: amino acids, creatine nitrogen boosters, as well as insulin-like (insulin-mimetic substances).
Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) - an Asian plant in the family Araliaceae. The raw material is the root. Siberian ginseng has the antioxidant, immune-inflammatory, antibacterial, antidepressant and anti-tumour. potential The most important substance indicating biological activity are eleutherosides, supporting the work of the digestive system, lowering LDL cholesterol levels, reducing the risk of pancreatic cancer and supporting sexual function. Siberian ginseng is one of the adaptogens, substances that contribute to the development of immunity of the organism.
In the sports supplementation Siberian ginseng is used as a booster for the endocrine, circulatory, immune, nervous systems and as a primary source of adaptogens, enhancing strenuous training, affort at a sporting events or loads of stress. Included in herbal blends (including other varieties of ginseng), increasing testosterone levels, increasing exercise capacity (strength, endurance, aerobic metabolism), as well as it is in the composition of the plant aphrodisiacs complexes. Available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: in sports supplementation shall be 100 - 500 mg / 24h.
Taurine – non-protein amino acid containing sulphur, which is synthesized in the body from methionine and cysteine, present in sufficient amount in human or animal body (in the brain, heart and skeletal), although in some cases must be supplemented. Significantly affects the calcium content in the cells and stabilizes the water and electrolyte balance and maintains acid-base balance. Takes part in the synthesis of bile acids. In the body acts as a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator. It is an insulin-mimetic improving insulin metabolism, responsible for transport of nutrients (such as amino acids, glucose, creatine) to the cells and muscle tissue. These properties determine that it is a valued mono-preparation supplement and valuable addition to creatine and amino acid supplements, recommended for psycho-pchysically active people and athletes and other competitive sportsmen in pre- and post-workout periods.
Dosage: 3 grams per day.
Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone) is a physiological antioxidant, a fat soluble. It takes an active part in the process of creating the energy of ATP. intracorporeal synthesis requires the presence of B vitamins and trace elements, its intensification is caused by heavy training stress or under the influence of stress. Beneficial effects of Coenzyme Q10 has been found on the cardiovascular system, lipid profile (lowering LDL) cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease. Reducing the level of coenzyme Q10 starts when the age of 35, hence must be supplemented by preparations available in cosmetics (external action on the skin), and supplements intensifying the production of energy (for athletes strength) as well as mono-preparation supplement available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: 10 - 90 mg / 24h
N-acetyl-L-tyrosine - acetylated form of tyrosine (an endogenous amino acid) improves the solubility and bioavailability of active ingredients. It can be used in lower doses than those taken as free tyrosine. It has a higher availability to the nerve tissue, reduces the feeling of fatigue, improves the exercise capacity psycho (psychostimulant), and, it is a additive to thermogenic effect preparations. It is used in medicine (increases levels of neurotransmitters including dopamine and norepinephrine) and sports dietary supplementation, in pre- and post-workout supplements, as well as fat burners, no-boosters and pre-workout creatine stacks and supplements and energizing beverages.
Dosage: In divided doses ranging from 100-300 mg per day.
Ribose is a simple sugar produced within the organism, included in the nucleic acid [RNA (ribonucleic acid) and DNA (deoxyribonucleic)], containing information on genetic factors affecting growth and development and normal functioning of cells. The appropriate amount of ribose adopted in the supplementation guarantees the resoring and proper energy conversion, both ATP and ADP and increasing aerobic capacity, improves the functioning of the heart and muscles. It is recommended especially the use of preparations containing ribose for people at high physical exertion and those whose body does not produce sufficient amounts of ribose. Supplements available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Vinpocetine - ethyl apovincaminate - it is an alkaloid derived from eburnamenine of plant origin (Vinca), improving blood supply to tissues (mainly nervous), improves insulin metabolism and increases the level of the basic intracellular energy carrier (adenosine triphosphate - ATP). A positive impact on the exercise capacity during workout and improves concentration. Enhanced activity was reported in interaction with caffeine, hesperidin, vinburmine and vincamine. In the supplementation it is a component of pre-workout supplements and creatine stacks, available in residual quantities at www.muscle-zone.pl, as a result of the provisions of WADA and the Polish regulations it is to be withdrawn from dietary supplements as an illegal substance.
Dosage: the lack of defined standards. Customarily 5 - 15 mg / 24h
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