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The supplement shows a dual-action – one portion is made up of two different capsules. The first one contains exclusively minerals (including iron), whereas the other one combines vitamins, citrus bioflavonoids, alpha-lipoic acid and extracts from artichoke, pumpkin seeds, nettle, green tea and black pepper.
The mineral complex, i.e., capsule no. 1, is the equivalent of the Chela-Min Sport Formula®. It contains a package of eleven key elements in the form of patented Albion® amino acid chelates that guarantee high bioavailability and assimilability.
The group includes magnesium (a cofactor of many enzymes; it participates in the processes of muscle contraction, including myocardium, prevents bone demineralization, plays a vital role for the nervous system, shows anti-stress effect); calcium (acts synergistically with magnesium; it is responsible for muscle relaxation and is necessary for building bones, strengthens teeth and bones), potassium (the most important regulator of water and electrolyte management, affects blood pressure; it is responsible for proper nerve conduction); zinc (helps to maintain adequately high levels of testosterone, strengthens male fertility, positively affects immunity); iron (especially important for physically active people, responsible for the transport of oxygen in the body, reduces the risk of anemia); manganese (participates in the process of bone mineralization, affects the functioning of the nervous system, helps to regulate blood sugar levels, a powerful antioxidant); copper (involved in the synthesis of collagen and may affect the level of growth hormone); iodine (supports thyroid function and the production of hormones released by it); chromium (a regulator of glucose-insulin management, helps to maintain normal body mass and may limit appetite for carbohydrates and sweet foods); selenium (positively affects thyroid function and shows a powerful antioxidant potential).
The complex of vitamins and additional ingredients, i.e., capsule no. 2, is the legendary Vita-Plex® formula, combining vitamins, alpha-lipoic acid and plant extracts focused on liver health and the support of metabolism and exercise capacity.
Vitamins included in this group are distinguished by two important features. First of all, they are available in easily absorbable forms. Secondly, they occur in large clinical doses. The complex contains substances such as vitamin A (shows a positive effect on the eyesight it is important for the immune system and supports the condition of the skin and mucous membranes); vitamin D (strengthens teeth and skeleton, promotes the improvement of immunity, favors the maintenance of the proper level of testosterone); vitamin C (neutralizes excess free radicals, fights oxidative stress, prevents cortisol overproduction); vitamin E (strong antioxidant, shows anti-aging effect); B vitamins complex (they condition processes related to energy production, participate in the production of red blood cells, determine efficient metabolism they are responsible for the functioning and condition of the nervous system).
These aforementioned vitamins are accompanied by citrus bioflavonoids (they act synergistically with vitamin C, thus increasing its antioxidant potential, but they alone also easily eliminate free radicals from the body) and alpha-lipoic acid (versatile antioxidant, participate in energy production, favorably affect glucose metabolism, stimulate glutathione production, protects the liver).
The formula also includes standardized plant extracts, i.e. artichoke extract (supports liver function, shows hepatoprotective effect, supports bile production, improves the digestive process); green tea extract (shows antioxidant potential, accelerates slimming); pumpkin seed extract (a phenomenal source of zinc, prevents prostate dysfunction); common nettle extract (favorably affects the functioning of the genitourinary system, improves detoxification, reduces inflammation and oxidative stress); patented extract of black pepper Bioperine® (facilitates the absorption of other substances, improves digestion, enhances thermogenesis).
In summary, OLIMP Vita-Min Multiple Sport® is a supplement that works on many levels, comprehensively supporting health and physical performance. It allows the replenishment of deficiencies of vitamins and minerals, optimizes energy metabolism, has a positive effect on endurance, improves post-workout regeneration. It is recommended especially to athletes who, due to training-induced strain, show an increased demand for micronutrients.
The supplement comes in the form of as a set containing two types of capsules. To comprehensively support your health, take 1 capsule of each type daily. In order to obtain the optimal effects of supplementation, it is worth using the preparation for at least 3 consecutive months.
The supplement has been created mainly for athletes, nonetheless, it will also work well in people who are not physically active, but want to comprehensively strengthen the health condition and reduce the risk of civilization diseases. Due to the high content of zinc and the presence of extracts supporting the health of the genitourinary system, the product is recommended especially to men.
Olimp is a Polish company offering dietary supplements and supplements for athletes that are made of carefully selected and safe for health ingredients. Among the products of this brand are protein supplements, amino acid supplements, pre-workout supplements and creatine. The company also allows the purchase of supplements inducing a strong muscle pump by raising significantly the level of nitric oxide in the blood and supplements restoring acid-alkine balance. Also noteworthy are supplements helping to reduce body fat, regulating metabolism and improving of the hair, skin and nails.
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|per portion (2 capsules)||amount||%DV|
|Magnesium (80% Albion® amino acid chelate, 20% magnesium oxide)||190 mg||51%|
|Calcium (58% Albion® acid amino chelate, 42% calcium carbonate)||100 mg||12,5%|
|Potassium (99.9% potassium chloride, 0.1% potassium iodine)||75 mg||3.75%|
|Zinc (Albion® amino acid chelate)||15 mg||150%|
|Iron (Albion® amino acid chelate)||3 mg||21%|
|Manganese (Albion® amino acid chelate)||3 mg||150%|
|Copper (Albion® amino acid chelate)||500 µg||50%|
|Iodine (potassium iodide)||150 µg||100%|
|Chromium (chromium (III) chloride)||150 µg||375%|
|Selenium (sodium selenite)||75 µg||136%|
|Vitamin A (retinyl acetate)||1000 µg||125%|
|Vitamin D (cholecalciferol)||10 µg||200%|
|Vitamin E (DL-α-tocopheryl acetate)||24 mg||200%|
|Vitamin C (PureWay-C®)||290 mg||362%|
|Vitamin B1 (thiamine mononitrate)||19.4 mg||1763%|
|Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)||19.6 mg||1400%|
|Niacin (nicotinamide)||31 mg||194%|
|Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride)||18.8 mg||1343%|
|Folic acid (pteroylmonoglutamic acid)||400 µg||200%|
|Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)||23 µg||920%|
|Biotin (D-biotin)||100 µg||200%|
|Pantothenic acid (calcium D-pantothenate)||12 mg||200%|
|Citrus bioflavonoids 40% (Cynara scolymus L. )||100 mg||*|
|Artichoke extract 5% cynarines||80 mg||*|
|Pumpkin seed extract 5:1 (Cucurbita pepo L.)||60 mg||*|
|Nettle extract (Urtica dioica L.),||60 mg||*|
|Green tea extract 55% EGCG (Camellia sinensis L.)||60 mg||*|
|ALA (Alpha-Lipoic Acid)||10 mg||*|
|Black pepper extract® (95%)||1 mg||*|
Cellulose microcrystalline - filling substance, magnesium stearate - anti-caking agent, capsule (gelatin - capsule component, colors: E 171).
Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day
Magnesium amino acid chelate is a chelate complex formed by ligands (negative ion) or with partial coordinating binding with central ion in at least two positions of the molecule, dissolved in organic solvents (in this case amino acids, alternatively with weak acids). Used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine in treatment of severe poisoning by heavy metals. Connecting to the magnesium compounds by chelation, affects the bioavailability of fully utilizing the properties of the element, maintains acid-base balance (resistant to changes in pH), in the energy processes - supplies muscles in the ATP. Excreted with excessive perspiration, should be supplemented in the body. The sports supplementation of magnesium amino acid chelate is recommended for the biological regeneration after intensive training. It allows you to maintain bone structure and improve its functioning. Balances the level of chromosomes and nucleic acids. It takes part in protein synthesis and energy conversion of carbohydrates and fats (as an activator of enzymes). It is used in the form of mono-preparations, creatine stacks nitrogen, boosters, a component off following supplements: reducing nervous tension and sleeping disorders (ZMA), vitamins, vitamin-mineral and minerals.
Deficiency of magnesium in the body: arrhythmia, numbness, muscle spasms, reduced immunity to stress, sleep problems.
Dosage: 100-500 mg per day based on the ions.
Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess resulting from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)
Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.
Chlorine (chemical element from the group of halogens) - in the natural form of gas it is poisonous and water-soluble (until recently used as a disinfectant in the water supply system, now replaced by fluorination). It is chemically active element. It is used in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium (KCl). It participates in the process of digestion and maintains acid-base balance in the body, removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver (antitoxin). Natural source of chlorine for the body is salt and bladderwrack.
Chlorine deficiency can occur due to excessive sweating, vomiting, causing digestive tract problems. It also causes loss of hair and teeth.
Excess chlorine, for example. Drink excessive amounts of chlorinated water, destroys bacterial flora and vitamin E.
Dosage: Daily dose should not exceed 15 grams.
Iodine - more than two-thirds of iodine is stored in the thyroid gland and it is a component produced by it hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals and regulating the processes of growth, causing it usefulness in sports supplementation. It is also the ingredient of weight loss products. Regulates and controls body temperature. Natural source of acquisition of iodine are: bladderwrack, seafood, sea fish and onion and vegetables growing in soil containing this element and most of all iodized salt ..
Deficiency of iodine in the body cause hypothyroidism, and consequently overweight, mental slowing (cretinism inclusive). It is the cause of a goitre. Iodine deficiency can be caused by rhodanates and polyphenols (e.g. contained in cabbage and cauliflower), hemagglutinin found in legumes.
Excess iodine can result in inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis (this happens in a small percentage of cases).
Dosage: Treatment of iodine should be done under medical supervision. Daily demand for adults is 150 mcg. For pregnant women daily demand increases to 175 mcg.
Zinc (chemical element from transition group 12) belongs to the trace elements, it helps maintain acid-base balance of the body, protein, energy, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It provides bone metabolism and transport of oxygen. It protects the body against free radicals. Necessary for the proper operation of the senses of taste and smell. Positive impact on the process of insulin metabolism in the pancreas. It supports visual adaptation to the dark, has a significant influence on brain function. It is helpful in the treatment of infertility and mental illness.
Zinc deficiency leads to decreased immunity, and growth retardation. Zinc deficiency can occur in case of excessive consumption of simple sugars. In the case of hormonal therapy of women with irregular menstruation, the therapy should be associated with increased consumption of zinc. It can be found in food like: beans, eggs, carrots, beef and pork meat, milk, nuts, citrus fruits, seafood, rice, cottage cheese, lettuce.
Dosage: Daily 12-15 mg zinc. Exceeding the daily dose of 20 mg cause symptoms of poisoning of the body.
The iron part of the dye in the form of the heme (hemoglobin and myoglobin in meat), a non-haem (in plant), and enzymes responsible for transport and storage of oxygen in the body. It occurs in enzymes responsible for: the metabolism of fatty acids, prostaglandin biosynthesis, catabolism of tryptophan. The absorption of iron in plant is lower than in animal products. In plant foods, it is reduced by contained chemicals: phytates and oxalates, also calcium and high acidity (pH factor). Only 8% of the intake of iron is absorbed by the body and transported to the blood. For tts absorption is needed sufficient amount of: cobalt, manganese, copper and vitamin C. Iron itself is essential for the metabolism of B vitamins. Source of acquisition of iron are animal products (meat, organ meats, egg yolks) and plant products (whole grain bread, beans , cocoa, parsley, nuts, soy). Iron is also present in synthetic form as a component of vitamin-mineral and mineral and mono-preparation supplements, often enriched with vitamin C. Supplements containing iron compounds are recommended for athletes during intense training and those on a meatless diet (vegetarians and vegans).
Iron deficiency causes anaemia. Using a large amount of strong coffee or tea hinders the absorption of iron. Symptoms of iron deficiency are: insomnia, diarrhea, impaired body temperature, loss of papillae on the tongue, reduced exercise capacity, and reduced intellectual and psychological efficiency.
Excess iron reduces the absorption of other elements (e.g. zinc, copper), reduced immunity, causing tissue damage of some organs (kidney, liver, heart), increased risk of cancer.
Dosage: 3-12 mg per day.
Manganese, of which a natural source is chocolate, grain products with whole grain, nuts, legumes and dried cranberry, is a component of enzymes and their activator. It stimulates the properties and functionality of connective tissue and provides proper functioning of the brain. It affects the function of the pancreas, ensuring proper insulin metabolism and condition of the bone and joints. Magnesium deficiency contributes to serious disorders in synthesis of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin, reduction in insulin sensitivity of tissues, affects bone resorption. Manganese chelates are used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine for the treatment of severe poisoning (antitoxin) by heavy metals, in sports supplementation, manganese impact on the functioning of the locomotor system is used. It is a component of the so-called regenerators of joints and a vitamin-mineralizing and mineralizing supplements.
Copper - trace mineral that facilitates the introduction of iron into hemoglobin, allowing the correct functioning of antioxidant processes. It is an important component of enzymes that affect the processes of aerobic metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and in the formation of collagen. With proper diet, do not use supplements containing copper, as an overdose can cause insomnia, hair loss. It occurs in foods such as legumes, offal, plums, seafood. Copper compounds must be used in a responsible way, because many of them have toxic properties.
Dosing: A sufficient amount of copper provides proper diet.
Chromium (chemical element from transition group of the chromium, chemically active) is actively involved in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It comes in the easily assimilable organic form and inorganic. Along with insulin, as a component of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), is used in insulin-dependent diabetes treatment, insulin involved in the metabolism of glucose in t proteins transport. Activator of enzymes involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. Available in animal origin products (liver, veal, chicken, turkey meat, oysters) and plant-origin (bananas, broccoli, cereal, wheat germ, spinach). Supplements containing chromium are recommended for fat loss (also thermogenic), and improving the functioning of the body. The sports supplementation used chromium in the form of mono-preparations or in the form of vitamin-mineral minerals supplements.
Chromium deficiency results in impaired glucose, reducing the insulin sensitivity. It causes a decrease in immunity and endurance of the body. It may be a cause of coronary heart disease. Sometimes it causes neurological disorders.
Dosage: A varied diet prevents from the deficiency of chromium in the body.
Dosage: The recommended dose of 50-150 mg per day.
Selenium (element, chemical symbol Se, atomic no. 34, from chalcogenide, it is present in several allotropic forms). It is supplied the body with food in the form of seleno-amino acids (selenomethionine - gathering supplies, and selenocysteine – a component of glutathione peroxidase, deiodinase and seleno-proteins). Regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland. It affects the growth and development, including sexual development (by increasing production and sperm motility). It affects the flexibility of the tissue, removes some of the toxins from the body and destroys cancer cells and reduces the severity of menopause in women. Natural products containing selenium are seafood (sea fish, oysters, bladderwrack) and vegetable products (broccoli, onions, wheat germ, bran, tomatoes) and animal products (poultry, eggs). It is also included in the composition of vitamin-mineral and mineral supplements. Selenium supplementation is recommended as a dietary supplement of active people having diet poor in this element, and as a factor increasing the body's immunity.
Selenium deficiency increases the risk of developing cancer and heart disease. Symptoms of selenium deficiency are: cardiomyopathy, growth stoppage, disorders of detoxification processes which may lead to damage to the kidneys and liver.
An excess of selenium can lead to selenosis (the disease, the symptoms are: loss of hair, nail cracks, lesions).
daily demand of selenium for pregnant women 65 mcg; nursing mothers 75 mcg; men 7 mcg.
Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.
Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.
Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.
Cholecalciferol, or vitamin D3, is an organic chemical that belongs to the family of D vitamins. It is naturally found in fatty fish, fish oil, egg yolks, milk and dairy products. It is also synthesized in the human body. It is formed from 7-dehydrocholesterol present in the keratinocytes of the spinous and the basal layers of the epidermis, and a pre-requisite for initiating this process is the action of 290-315 nm wavelength UVB radiation on the skin.
Cholecalciferol is a biologically inactive compound. In the body, it undergoes enzymatic hydroxylation – first in the liver, with the participation of 25-hydroxylase, when calcidiol is formed and secondly in the kidneys, where under the influence of 1-α-hydroxylase, calcidiol is converted into the final active form – calcitriol.
The most important role of vitamin D3 in the body is the regulation of calcium-phosphate metabolism, which directly affects normal skeletal mineralization. In addition, it is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation, insulin secretion, as well as in some functions of the nervous, endocrine and immune systems.
Cholecalciferol is the most popular form of vitamin D used in dietary supplements. Studies show that supplementation with vitamin D in this form most effectively and rapidly raises the level of 25 (OH) D3 – a metabolite that is a marker of the level of vitamin D in the body.
Dosage: according to RDI standards for individual age groups.
Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) it is a vitamin soluble in body fluids, can be taken from foods (fruits and vegetables), or as drug derived synthetically. The largest of its resources can be found in broccoli, Brussels sprout, kale, black currant fruit and hawthorn, citrus fruits, tomatoes, Savoy cabbage, potatoes. In fact, intake of vitamin C of the food products does not limit the absorbed quantity. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, it is an antitoxic, increasing the immune system due to the elimination of risk of bacterial contamination. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of iron. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels.
Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, impaired absorption of iron, scorbutus. With the lack of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette is destroying up to 100 mg of vitamin C.
Dosage: The demand is 60-80 mg daily. It does not limit the ability to consume higher doses. Some side effects may occur only with longer taking of synthetic vitamin C.
PureWay-C, is a special patented formula containing ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and components stabilizing its operation, such as vegetable waxes and bioflavonids complex of citrus fruits (bitter orange and grapefruit). Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, is antitoxic (inhibits the development of free radicals and other reactive oxygen species), increasing the immune system (immune) due to the elimination of bacterial contamination risk. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of non-haem iron. It stimulates the production of collagen. It is used in treatment of injuries, accelerates wound healing. It participates in the synthesis of a number of hormones and neurotransmitters and l-carnitine. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels. Reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease (coronary artery disease). Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking of capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, strained absorbed iron, scorbutus. In the absence of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette destroys up to 100 mg of vitamin C. In the complex it is enhanced with bioflavonoids from citrus fruit (bitter orange and grapefruit) prolonging the time of its activity in the body and the increase of the antioxidant potential. Plant waxes protect against irritation of mucous membranes of the digestive tract. PureWay-C is available as mono-preparation supplement and as a component of multivitamin supplements,, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: in sports supplementation 250 - 1000 mg / 24h
Vitamin B1 (thiamin, vitamin B) improves mental alertness and strengthens the nervous system ensuring the proper functioning of the brain. It improves cardiac and muscular system. It is suportive in the treatment of shingles. Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Natural source of vitamin B1 are brown bread, yeast, eggs, raw vegetables, meat, milk, legumes, cheese.
Vitamin B1 deficiency hinders the processes of decomposition of sugars (catabolism), causes a loss of appetite and disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract, can cause polyneuritis and disease beriberi.
Dosage: Recommended daily intake is 1-2 mg.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is soluble in liquids, is involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Required for growth of the organism. Takes part in the production of erythrocytes (red blood cells). It is located in natural foods, such as yeast, meat (especially liver, kidney, heart), milk, fish and green leafy vegetables.
A deficiency of vitamin B2 inhibits the growth, diseases of the mouth, loss and greasy hair, seborrhea and stratification of nails. Increases skin roughness and susceptibility to acne and oily skin.
Dosage: 1-2 mg per day.
Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.
Nicotinic acid amide – also known as nicotinamide, belongs to a group of compounds referred to as vitamin B3, along with nicotinic acid and inositol hexanicotinate. It exerts its main biological activity as a precursor to two key coenzymes for efficient energy metabolism of the body: nicotinamide adenine dinucletodide and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. They are responsible for carrying hydrogen and electrons in the respiratory chain and thus facilitate efficient energy production by the human body.
Nicotinamide supplementation is recommended for active persons not only because of its ability to promote the body’s energy efficiency. It has also a beneficial impact on mind, increases tolerance to stressors and may reduce symptoms of depression. It is pointed out that niacin supplementation correlates positively with sleep quality.
Unlike nicotinic acid, nicotinamide does not show the ability to produce a “flush effect”, namely redness in the face caused by taking large doses of niacin. It has been also shown to influence partly cardiovascular function.
Nicotinamide is also indicated to influence beneficially the absorption of other B vitamins and vitamin D. This compound should be taken with caution by diabetics because it can increase the body’s demand for insulin.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).
What is pyridoxine hydrochloride?
Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a basic, the most commonly used form of vitamin B6 in supplements and fortified foods. It is a vitamin soluble in water. It converts to the active form of the vitamin - pyridoxal phosphate.
Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions. It takes part in the production of many neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin and catecholamines and it takes part in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. It is an important factor for the process of the creation of red cells and hemoglobin and its deficit may be one of the factors causing anemia. This vitamin contributes to maintaining proper energy metabolism and is important for maintaining well-being and good psychological condition. Its presence supports the breakdown of pro-inflammatory homocysteine to cysteine and further metabolites, thanks to which it may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiological incidents.
Pyridoxine hydrochloride may be found in many vitamin B complexes and vitamin-mineral preparations available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Folic acid - also known as vitamin B9, is a synthetic form of naturally occurring folates. It needs to be transformed to folates in order to be biologically active also in the human organism. Therefore, its supplementation is recommended to people who do not have problems with methylation processes.
The majority of people associate folic acid with the period of pregnancy. It is definitely a justified association. Proper supply of vitamin B9 conditions correct development of the fetus and prevents disorders of neural tube defects in a baby.
Supplementation with folic acid also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system of adults. Some sources say that it is conducive to maintaining beneficial emotional states. Moreover, folic acid takes part in the process of erythropoiesis, thanks to which it enables efficient production of red cells.
Supplementation with folic acid should be also considered by men who deal with low sperm quality. It was proven that complementing the level of vitamin B9 is conducive to increasing reproductive abilities of men.
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin) is a vitamin soluble in liquids. Participates in the production of red blood cells and is essential in the absorption of iron by the body. It calming effect, a positive effect on concentration and memory. Intensifies its action in cooperation with folic acid (vitamin M). Usually occurs in animal products, fish and dairy products. It contains trace elements.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia, general and immunity weakness, inhibiting of growth and damage to the myelin sheath of nerves.
What is cyanocobalamin?
Cyanocobalamin is a basic, the most commonly met form of vitamin B12 in vitamin B complexes and multivitamins available on the market.
Vitamin B12 is the most known for its influence on neurology. It takes part in building and regenerating myelin sheaths of neurons, thanks to which it contributes to the protection of the nervous system against damages. Because of the ability to increase the level of S-Adenosyl methionine, vitamin B12 may contribute to more efficient synthesis of many neurotransmitters, thanks to which it positively influences well-being and psychical condition.
This vitamin is also engaged in the process of blood production and its deficiencies contribute to the creation of megaloblastic anemia. Its deficits may also concern vegetarians and vegans, elderly people, people with absorption disorders and those using drugs neutralizing gastric acid.
Cyanocobalamin is included in the composition of many complex vitamin supplements that may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.
Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day
Vitamin B5 (calcium pantothenate, pantothenic acid, pantotenol) is part of a complex of B vitamins affects the development of the central nervous system, is the building substance of cells. In the body synthesized by the intestinal bacteria. It occurs in animal products (meat, kidneys, liver) and plants (wheat germ, wheat bran, nuts, grains, green vegetables). Prevents fatigue and excessive stress, accelerates the healing of cuts and wounds, acts as a stimulant for the side effects of the use of antibiotics. Deficiency causes skin changes, and difficulty in blood clotting.
Citrus bioflavonoids (flavanones) - are found in citrus fruits (oranges and bitter grapefruit) and contain naringenin and naringenin with a strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action and enhancing metabolism of a number of substances. Increase immunity and strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Reduce the secretion of cortisol, while increasing the norepinephrine hormone allowing for the reduction of body fat. Citrus flavonoids are an ingredient of supplements in the category of "health and beauty", vitaminizing supplements, thermogenics, herbal blends supporting the functioning of the endocrine system.
Artichoke extract - an extract of Mediterranean perennial, which is a rich source of active compounds, such as chlorogenic acid (eg. cynarine), sesquiterpenes (eg. cynaropicrin), flavonoids and glycosides. Artichoke extract is widely used in medicine: a shielding action for liver, stabilizing cell membranes, is antioxidant, inhibiting oxidation of LDL cholesterol (the so-called bad cholesterol). In the etching process, not only protects the gastrointestinal tract itself, but by increasing the secretion of digestive juices, beneficial effect on the assimilation of nutrients. It has a soothing effect on the digestive system. It has a slight potential diuretic.
Extract of artichoke is an extract used in health-enhancing supplements, supporting digestion, protecting the liver and lowering LDL cholesterol. It is often combined with other plant extracts, and aspartate-I-ornithine.
Dosage: 600-1000 mg per day.
Squash (Cucurbita pepo) is a plant originating from North America (Mexico), grown in Poland. Pumpkin flesh (pulp cucurbitae) and pumpkin seeds (Semen cucurbitae recens) are used as a source of food. The pulp is a rich source of unsaturated fatty acids (e.g. Acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, oleic acid), and phytosterols, vitamins (pro-vitamin A, B1, B2, C, E, PP), minerals (cobalt, magnesium, copper, potassium, calcium , iron), sugars and protein and fibre. Fresh seeds contain approx. 50% oil, phytosterols, phytates, cucurbitacins, triterpenes, peponozyd and vitamins and minerals. The oil contains unsaturated fatty acids (such as fatty acids: linoleic acid, linolenic acid, oleic acid). The positive effect of pumpkin oil was found in the sports supplementation and in the prophylaxis of prostate cancer, as well as its effect on LDL cholesterol and heart. Consuming affects the maintenance of health, or even improving it. Both the pulp and pumpkin seeds and oil are used in the household, as well as in dietary supplements (it is a component of a nutritional and functional supplements).
Common nettle (Urtrica dioica) is a common plant that grows all over the globe (except for the tropical zone). It grows well in Poland, even along the roads and in the courtyards. The therapeutic effect has the nettle leaves (Folium urticae), and roots (Radix urticae). Described under separate entries.
See. nettle leaf
See. Common nettle root
Green tea extract is a concentrate that contains biologically active compounds: polyphenols (e.g. catechin, in the form of EGCG - epigallocatechin gallate), having antioxidant properties and a small thermogenic potential, modifies the action of testosterone metabolites, DTH. Green tea extract is an ingredient of many sports supplements containing fat burners, having pro-health and vitaminizing effect; also for those with low physical activity as an antioxidant and slimming supplement. Available either as mono-preparations, ready drinks, and above all as an extract.
Dosage: 200-500 mg per day (depending of the content of other active bio-components).
EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate) - a compound occurring naturally in the leaves of green tea and sage nutmeg. Powerful antioxidant resulting in removing free radicals out of your body. It has the thermogenic potential (enhanced when combined with other substances including caffeine, capsaicin, etc.), allowing a faster fat reduction. Affects preventively in the side effects of the glandular hypertrophy (prostate) and male pattern baldness. Recommended for those who are active physically and professionally, for the maintenance of body composition and body aesthetics. It is a component of fat burners, allowing for faster slimming.
Dosage: 50-500 mg per day.
ALA (alpha-lipoic acid) is a vitamin-like substance, a metabolite of catecholamines with strong antioxidant properties, it enhances anti-free-radicals action of some vitamins (A and E). ALA is synthesized at low levels by the body. It is a component of such products as broccoli, yeast, chicken liver, spinach. In the medicine it is used in the prevention of diabetic neuropathy (tissues shows a sensitivity to the insulin hormone, and it stimulates blood sugar levels). It has a positive effect on the functioning of the circulatory system and heart by the anti-arteriosclerosis action. It improves transport of creatine. It affects the storage of glycogen in muscle and liver.
Antioxidant properties of ALA are used in sports supplementation, along with the assimilation of nutrients. ALA is found in the form of mono-formula and is a compound of multicomponent products as: amino acids, creatine nitrogen boosters, as well as insulin-like (insulin-mimetic substances).
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