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Olimp Labs Gold Omega 3 D3+K2 Sport Edition is a dietary supplement with an innovative combination of omega 3 fatty acids, including EPA and DHA, vitamin D3, E and K2, which was derived from soya fermentation. The formula is aimed at promoting normal cardiovascular function and protecting this system and helps maintain healthy bones and organs and speed up post-workout recovery. The product comprises 60 capsules.
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are fatty acids of the omega-3 family, belonging to a group of essential unsaturated fatty acids (EUFA). The human body cannot synthesise EUFA. Because of that, they should be supplied with a diet due to their important functions.
EPA and DHA are used in the body for the synthesis of eicosanoids, among others, prostaglandins, leucotrienes and thromboxanes. These compounds help lower blood pressure, reduce triacylglycerol levels and inhibit some proinflammatory agents, including IL-1. Products of EPA and DHA metabolism show anticoagulant properties owing to, among others, the inhibition of thromboxane A2 synthesis. Omega-3 fatty acids are an important element in the prophylaxis of cardiovascular diseases and support a healthy heart.
Regular EPA and DHA supplementation promotes optimal post-workout recovery. Supplementing with omega-3 fatty acids before and after a workout helps reduce DOMS and lower levels of proinflammatory markers. Due to great microdamage in muscle fibers, optimum muscle regeneration after a workout is extremely important for muscle efficiency and training effectiveness.
The key role of vitamin D3 is to maintain calcium-phosphate balance, critical to normal bone mineralisation and health. The presence of vitamin D receptors (VDRs) in cells of many organs that are not involved in calcium homeostasis suggests that vitamin D3 has a pleiotropic effect on the body. VDRs were detected in, among others, cells of smooth and striated muscles, the heart, brain and immune system. Vitamin D3 was acknowledged long time ago as a substance with a positive impact on muscle regeneration and potentially the body’s physical performance.
Vitamin D3 helps lower the risk of fractures and osteoporosis, thereby preventing or reducing the incidence of injuries. By promoting muscle protein synthesis, this vitamin contributes to an increase in strength of muscle contractions and the body’s physical capacity. Since vitamin D3 regulates the immmune function, it has immunomodulatory properties and boosts the body’s immunity. Furthermore, this vitamin has an anti-inflammatory effect, which may speed up post-workout recovery in combination with omega-3 fatty acids.
Vitamin K2 takes part with vitamin D3 in bone mineralisation. Vitamin K is involved in the carboxylation of glutamic acid which leads to the formation of gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (GLA) residues with an affinity for calcium ions. Proteins with these residues are called GLA proteins and include, among others, osteocalcin. By taking part in osteocalcin carboxylation, vitamin K2 contributes to normal bone mineralisation. What is more, it decreases bone resorption by inhibiting the activity of osteoclasts. Furthermore, it promotes, along with vitamin D3, healthy functioning of the nervous system.
Numerous observations suggest that vitamin K2 contributes to a reduction in blood vessel calcification. The accumulation of calcium in blood vessels is one of the primary causes of cardiovascular disorders. Calcified blood vessels become stiff and non-elastic which leads to the development of atherosclerosis. By activating matrix Gla proteins (MGP), which prevent calcium accumulation in blood vessels, vitamin K2 has a direct impact on normal calcium balance and makes it possible to store this important element in desirable areas of the body.
Vitamin E is a strong lipid-phase antioxidant, thereby protecting sensitive cell membrane phospholipids and polyunsaturated fatty acids (including omega-3) against oxidation. The protection of neuronal membrane against oxidation is one of the mechanisms that prevent neurodegenerative processes and help slow down ageing processes of the body. Vitamin E increases blood vessel elasticity, prevents damage to erythrocytes and reduces blood clotting. This results in better oxygen supply to cells. A deficiency in this vitamin increases the risk of inflammation and cardiovascular diseases, including heart attack.
To sum up, Olimp Labs Gold Omega 3 D3+K2 Sport Edition is a dietary supplement recommended especially to athletes and physically active individuals, for the autumn-winter period, a decline in fitness, energy levels and immunity and as a preventive measure to strengthen bones and protect against cardiovascular diseases.
Vitamin D, E and K found in this product belong to fat-soluble vitamins. Because of that, the supplement should be taken with a fat-containing meal for best absorption. However, due to the content of fish oil in a capsule, in which these vitamins are soluble, it is not necessary.
Olimp is a Polish company offering dietary supplements and supplements for athletes that are made of carefully selected and safe for health ingredients. Among the products of this brand are protein supplements, amino acid supplements, pre-workout supplements and creatine. The company also allows the purchase of supplements inducing a strong muscle pump by raising significantly the level of nitric oxide in the blood and supplements restoring acid-alkine balance. Also noteworthy are supplements helping to reduce body fat, regulating metabolism and improving of the hair, skin and nails.
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|per portion (1 capsule)||amount||%DV|
|Fish oil (65% Omega-3 fatty acids)||1000 mg||-|
|Eicosapentaenoic acid (33% EPA)||330 mg||-|
|Docosahexaenoic acid (22% DHA)||220 mg||-|
|Other Omega-3 fatty acids(10%)||100 mg||-|
|Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol)||50 µg (2000 j.m.)||1000%|
|Vitamin K2 (menaquinone-7)||50 µg||67%|
|Vitamin E (D-alpha-tocopherol)||12 mg||100%|
Gelatin, water, glycerol, E 150d.
Fish oil is a source of long chain saturated fatty acids of the Omega-3 (EPA - eicosapentaenoic acid; DHA - docosahexaenoic acid), which are part of cell membranes and the precursor of eicosanoids, and an activator. When consuming acids Omega 3, it must be balanced with the Omega 6 (using in the range of from 1: 6 to 1: 1). Fats contained in fish oil help to reduce body fat, affect the oxygenation of the body, and the operation of systems: circulatory, respiratory, nervous system and the musculoskeletal system. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplement or as an ingredient of supplements in the category of "health and beauty".
Omega-3 (n-3) group of unsaturated fatty acids: short-chain (linolenic acid, belongs to the EFAs [essential fatty acids]) and long-chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]). The number 3 indicates That the last double bond in the carbon chain is the third from the end of carbon. Acids from the group of Omega-3 are essential components of cell membranes, they are biological precursors and activators of eicosanoids. EFAs quite abundantly supplied in food, and it can be supplied with food. EPA and DHA (oils, fats marine fish) are Supplied by foods of sea origin (sea fish and seafood). They are developed also in the human body as a result of processes of denaturation and elongation of alpha-linolenic acid , but in an amount insufficient for the full needs of the organism. Therefore,they should be supplied from the outside. With the use of so-called. western diet, supplementation of fatty acids Omega 3 is more desirable (than Omega 6).
Supplementation of fatty acids of Omega 3 is recommended for people who are physically active in order to supplement and to prevent deficiencies in body as well as due to their impact on the body composition and aerobic capacity, and tissue regeneration. In addition, it regulates the systems: circulatory (including heart), nervous, respiratory and locomotor. Formulations containing EPA and DHA are a complement to an effort diet, regardless of the degree of training and exercising.
Dietary fatty acids Omega 3, in principle, are produced in the form of capsules in combination with vitamin E as an antioxidant, available for purchase at: www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage usually we recommended supplements in sports: depending on the supply of diet and intake of Omega 6 it is 1 - 5 g of EPA and DHA / 24 h.
EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) – what is it?
EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) is a long-chain, polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid. The chain of the fatty acid consists of 20 carbon molecules, and the first bound out of five double bounds is located at the third carbon from the omega end, which is characteristic for omega-3 acids. It is present in large quantities in fish oils, where it is accompanied by docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
EPA is a precursor to prostaglandins and other eicosanoids, which contributes to the reduction in inflammations. It is involved in inhibition of platelets aggregation. It contributes also to the reduction in triglycerides level in blood. EPA block the activity of an enzyme, phospholipase A2, present on cell membranes, which under the influence of stressors can release polyunsaturated fatty acid (from the group of eicosanoids) into the glycerol skeleton. To some extent, EPA can be also converted into 22-carbon DHA. The both acids have positive impact on the condition of the nervous system and cardiovascular health.
Eicosapentaenoic acid contained in dietary supplements with omega-3, which are available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl
DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) - acid of omega-3 family, unsaturated fatty acids with the last double bond in the chain located on the third carbon atom from the end. Synthesized in the human body to eicosapentaenoic acid, or retrieved from foods of marine origin (fish, particularly salmon). In the medicine it is indicated for the treatment of depression, Alzheimer's ADHD. There has been its positive impact on the insulin metabolism noted as well as on endocrine and cardiovascular systems. When used in appropriate doses, it has a beneficial effect on the composition and appearance of the body. In the the supplementation it is part of formulas containing fish oil, which fill in the gaps of unsaturated fatty acids Omega 3, recommended for people with different physical activity.
Dosage: 200-2000 mg per day
Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.
Cholecalciferol, or vitamin D3, is an organic chemical that belongs to the family of D vitamins. It is naturally found in fatty fish, fish oil, egg yolks, milk and dairy products. It is also synthesized in the human body. It is formed from 7-dehydrocholesterol present in the keratinocytes of the spinous and the basal layers of the epidermis, and a pre-requisite for initiating this process is the action of 290-315 nm wavelength UVB radiation on the skin.
Cholecalciferol is a biologically inactive compound. In the body, it undergoes enzymatic hydroxylation – first in the liver, with the participation of 25-hydroxylase, when calcidiol is formed and secondly in the kidneys, where under the influence of 1-α-hydroxylase, calcidiol is converted into the final active form – calcitriol.
The most important role of vitamin D3 in the body is the regulation of calcium-phosphate metabolism, which directly affects normal skeletal mineralization. In addition, it is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation, insulin secretion, as well as in some functions of the nervous, endocrine and immune systems.
Cholecalciferol is the most popular form of vitamin D used in dietary supplements. Studies show that supplementation with vitamin D in this form most effectively and rapidly raises the level of 25 (OH) D3 – a metabolite that is a marker of the level of vitamin D in the body.
Dosage: according to RDI standards for individual age groups.
What is Vitamin K2?
Vitamin K2 belongs to fat-soluble vitamins It is an important activator of many enzymes and proteins It shows a positive action on calcium balance by activating MGP protein and osteocalcin. This results in the removal of calcium deposits from blood vessel walls and transport of ions of this element to the area where it fulfills its function – teeth and bones. It reduces therefore the calcification of blood vessels and thus the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, it is a constituent of coagulation factors and cosequently prevents haemorrhages. It shows a synergistic action in combination with vitamin D and magnesium.
Vitamin K2 in the form of a dietary supplement of renowned brands e.g. Now Foods, Swanson, Life Extension, Jarrow Formulas and Thorne Research) can be found in formulas available at www.muscle-zone.pl
What is menaquinone-7?
Menaquinone-7 is a term used for long-chain form of vitamin K2, having seven isoprene residues in the side chain. Contrary to another popular form MK-4, it is not synthesized in tissues, however, it may be produced in the intestines by means of the conversion from vitamin K1 by intestinal bacteria.
It exhibits especially positive influence on the health of the circulatory system, especially by lowering the risk of atherosclerosis and heart attacks. It owes this effect mainly to osteocalcin, activated by vitamin K2. This hormone is responsible among others for the transport of calcium to bones, which counteracts its storage in soft tissues, decreasing at the same time the probability of blood vessel calcification and the creation of atherosclerotic plaques. K2 MK-7 also contributes to protecting the nervous system, securing neurons from excitotoxicity induced by excessive activity of glutamate and reducing the consequences of excessively low level of glutathione.
Vitamin K2 in the form of menaquinone-7 is a very popular additive to supplements with vitamin D3, due to the synergy of effects and reducing potential negative effects of applying higher doses of cholecalciferol.
Menaquinone-7 may be found both in monopreparations and complex supplements in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.
D-alpha-tocopherol – a natural form of vitamin E which is indicated as the most optimum for supplementation. It helps correct effectively deficiencies of this compound which is extremely crucial for the human body.
Vitamin E is a very important bioactive substance found in many tissues and required for normal functioning of the body. Its deficiencies may be manifested by impaired cognitive abilities and vision, muscle weakness and infertility. It is involved in erythropoiesis and that is why its low intake may lead to anaemia.
In addition, vitamin E has an important role as an antioxidant in the human body. It has the ability to reduce the amount of free radicals, thereby decreasing negative oxidative stress.
During supplementation with d-alpha-tocopherol, we should remember that it belongs to fat-soluble compounds, along with vitamin A, D and K. Because of that, supplements with vitamin E should be taken with a fat-containing meal.
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